It's obvious why ๐Œ‚๐Œ€๐Œ•๐ŒŒ๐Œ‰๐Œ•๐Œ„ is catamite, but not how the Etruscans got it from "Gadymedes".

Is it just "We know they're the same character / name, but we dunno how the Etruscans got there"?

  • 1
    Maybe a language SE would be more adequate? Commented Sep 6, 2023 at 20:56
  • @MardukTrimegistus - I thought so, but I think I've used them enough such that I know that no, we don't have an language SE that allows general etymology?
    – Malady
    Commented Sep 6, 2023 at 21:14
  • 1
    You can ask over on Latin.
    – cmw
    Commented Sep 6, 2023 at 23:53

1 Answer 1


Regular Sound Change

It's been a while since I looked at Etruscan, but two things that stuck out was that the language doesn't seem to get along well with voiced stops (like [g] and [d]), and also that they tended to reduce the number of vowels & syllables in their words. A quick review of the Wikipedia list of Etruscan mythological figures shows that this is a regular occurrence:

Achmemrun < Gk Agamemnon
Aitas < Gk Hades
Catmite < Gk Gadymedes :: of note, Latin borrowed this name as Catamitus and also Ganymedes from Greek
Metus < Gk Medusa
Rathmtr < Gk Rhadamanthys
Satre < Lat Saturnus

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