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Zeus was a Greek god, Iseous was a Roman god and Jesus is the Christian faith Messiah, who is also referred to as "Son of Man." My question is: What is the origin of the name Jesus, and what is its relationship with Zeus and Iseous?

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    Who is this Iseous?
    – bleh
    Feb 18 '16 at 23:16
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    Currently, this question is really two questions: what is the origin of the name Jesus, and what is the relationship with Zeus and Iseous. Could you please ask two separate questions instead of combining two questions into one?
    – user62
    Feb 18 '16 at 23:33
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    Well, they are potentially related questions, if the origin of "Jesus" lies in Zeus/"Iseous", though he doesn't.
    – cmw
    Feb 19 '16 at 2:23
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    @david tik I'm not going to post a formal answer b/c this is a clearly a contentious subject and I'm likely to be down-voted, but there are some who do draw a connection between Zeus and Jesus, both from the perspective of their stories and names. There seems to be a similar connection between the Eucharist and Dionysis/Persephone. (i.e. Dionysus dies and is resurrected in "spirit", literally wine. Persephone, aka Kore, represents grain and the summer winter cycle of death and rebirth.) Many Christians are uncomfortable with this parallel for obvious reasons.
    – DukeZhou
    Sep 1 '16 at 20:09
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    Deus and Zeus are etymologically related. That is for sure. Mar 13 '18 at 23:21
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Jesus is the Medieval Latin spelling of Iesus (the 'i' is consonantal), itself derived from the Greek Ἰησοῦς, as bleh noted, which transcribed in Latin characters would be Iesous, close to your Iseous (which does not otherwise exist as a name).

The name is ultimately Semitic, and came into Greek as the Aramaic שׁוּעַ (Yeshua), from the Hebrew יְהוֹשֻׁעַ (Yehoshuah, which in English we usually "translate" to Joshua).

There is no relationship between that name and Zeus, which is proto-Indo-European and only looks similar to Iesus in its late form—its stem is dio- (whence Dios "of Zeus", and its many derivatives in names like Dionysus and Diomedes or even Dioscuri, the two "sons of Zeus"). This name ultimately comes from the PIE root *dewos, and is related to the Latin deus, Old Persian daiva-, both words for god, as well as the Latin dies or Russian день (dyen') meaning "day".

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  • Definitely the better answer. Why is mine upvoted?
    – bleh
    Feb 19 '16 at 2:54
  • @bleh your answer answers most of the OP's questions (it even explains the connection between Iseous and Jesus), and doesn't seem to get anything important wrong. It's a pretty good answer. So I gave it a +1, even if it doesn't go into as much detail as C. M. Weimer's answer.
    – user62
    Feb 19 '16 at 4:00
  • @C. M. Weimer It's been a little while since I've read any Ancient Greek, but I seem to recall Ζεύς in the nominative form, and being taught that there was a relationship between the two names (although I'm comfortable with the idea of the connection being "poetic" speculation.)
    – DukeZhou
    Sep 1 '16 at 19:22
  • @cybermike There's no connection, no. The root of Ζεύς is either Ζην- or Δι-.
    – cmw
    Sep 20 '16 at 7:59
  • @C.M. Weimer I'm a little uncomfortable with absolute certainty in disciplines that involve profound degreed of incomplete information.
    – DukeZhou
    Sep 26 '16 at 19:33
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Zeus is Greek. This Iseous guy does not seem to exist.

As for the origin of the name Jesus, well Iseous seems to play a role here interestingly.

Jesus in Greek means "Joshua" in another language (Arabic I think). Iseous is another name for Joshua, and sort of looks like "Ιησούς" (Jesus in Greek).

Jesus means God saves, if that's any help.

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    More pointedly, there is no Iseous. There is no relationship between Zeus and Jesus (the Roman spelling of which is Iesus) and Ιησούς (Iesous).
    – cmw
    Feb 19 '16 at 2:11
  • I'll leave it for you to edit that.
    – bleh
    Feb 19 '16 at 2:25

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