I am very fascinated with the notion that there are significant parallels between mythologies - there may be different reincarnations of the same God?

For instance, we know that Hermes is Mercury, but he is also related to Odin/Woden, and Buddha, and Amon-Ra, and Moses, and Votan of the Mayas...I am really intrigued by these parallels in mythologies...where can I read more about that?

  • 3
    Right Here.
    – bleh
    Commented Apr 28, 2016 at 21:59
  • not quite sure if this question should be closed: I originally voted to close this question because it's a recommendation question, but on second thought, I suppose it could be read as asking what academic traditions study parallels between cultures.
    – user62
    Commented May 2, 2016 at 12:34
  • Not directly what you are asking, but you might be interested in archetypes of en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jungian_psychology Commented May 2, 2016 at 20:34

2 Answers 2


I would take a look at the field of folkloristics/folklore studies. This branch of academia is very concerned with the comparative method (i.e. comparisons between cultures), and they've done extensive studies of parallels in the stories of different cultures. One example of this: folklorists are the people who create motive indexes, which are essentially extensive lists of parallels between the stories of different cultures.

In terms of what to read: any book by Alan Dundes is a good bet (you probably will be able to find one of his books in a local library).

I'm sure you've been told to read something by Joseph Campbell (or someone similar). Feel free to read his books -- they're entertaining and interesting -- but they have a some serious problems and should be taken with a grain of salt.

  • Good point about Campbell. Still quite worthwhile, but he may some degree of take license.
    – DukeZhou
    Commented Aug 29, 2016 at 22:44
  • @cybermike a little bit more than "some degree" in my opinion. I wrote a blog post on the subject that you might be interested in.
    – user62
    Commented Aug 30, 2016 at 1:50
  • haha i don't disagree. (just trying to be diplomatic since i've largely avoided his work;) but he did turn me on to some non-Classical mythologies, so as you point out, some value there. i look forward to reading your analysis!
    – DukeZhou
    Commented Aug 30, 2016 at 2:25

For Classical Mythology specifically, Robert Graves' The Greek Myths is still my favorite. Although much of the scholarship is dated, Graves was a very fine artist in addition to being a Classical Scholar, thus many of his insights are quite worthwhile. (Graves famously asserted in The White Goddess that classical scholars lack "the poetic capacity to forensically examine mythology";)

Graves extensively annotates The Greek Myths, and very often draws parallels to other the mythologies of other cultures.

Another great aspect of Graves is he incorporates many of the ideas of the Golden Bough. Frazer is no longer considered credible from an anthropological perspective (he was quite early in the field,) but his work was extremely influential in many areas of 20th century literature. Thus retains value from the perspective of art.

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