It was a trophy.
A Nemean Lion's Tail.
It was the 1st labor of Hercules- it was Hercules' first great deed.
The first of Hercules' labors was to kill the Nemean lion. Hesiod, in his Theogony, wrote
Nemean lion, which Hera, the good wife of Zeus, brought up and made to haunt the hills of Nemea, a plague to men. There he preyed upon the tribes of her own people and had power over Tretus of Nemea and Apesas.
Apollodorus, in Library, describes how Hercules killed the lion after attempts to shoot it:
And having come to Nemea and tracked the lion, he first shot an arrow at him, but when he perceived that the beast was invulnerable, he heaved up his club and made after him. And when the lion took refuge in a cave with two mouths, Hercules built up the one entrance and came in upon the beast through the other, and putting his arm round its neck held it tight till he had choked it; so laying it on his shoulders he carried it to Cleonae.
It is well known (see e.g.Theocritus' Idylls) that Hercules then wore the lion's skin as protection - after all, it was impenetrable, and thus made for sound body armor. He did not attempt to fully dismember the body, though; in the final image, you can see the skin from its arms and legs sticking out his back.