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Is there an equivalent in Norse mythology to the goddesses Nike of the Greeks or Victoria of the Romans?

Any god or mythological being in Norse cult associated mainly with victory?

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    In a round-about way, I'm wondering if the valkyries are closest. They chose those fallen in battle to go to Valhalla. Obviously the chosen weren't victorious - they died, but that's only the mortal realm. In the wider sense they gained "victory" in being chosen by the valkyries to enter Valhalla, and presumably by being "heroes" for others to follow. A personal "victory" in the minds of those who lived by Norse mythology. Not one I'd care to achieve, but one they aspired to.
    – user3358
    Commented Feb 23, 2017 at 2:26
  • I don't think they would call it "victory." And I don't believe any of them did. Victory isn't the right word to describe death in battle.
    – cmw
    Commented Nov 11, 2022 at 0:15

2 Answers 2

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No, none that is exclusively associated with victory.

The closest we get is probably Odin, who is said to be able to give victory in war. Note however, the Sigrdrífumál, with accompanying prose introductions, in which it is told that Odin promised victory to the king Hjalmgunnar, but the valkyrie "Sigrdrífa" ('driver to victory'; she is actually Brynhilde) defeated him instead, so Odin's power is only worked through intermediaries. There is a part of Njal's saga in which a group of women weave witha gruesome set of tools: human skulls as loom-weigths, innards as the warp, etc, and sing of how they are valkyries and "weave victory".

If there would have been a norse personificiation of victory, the name would likely be Sigr.

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  • What about the god Týr? I've found some examples of warriors carving his rune on their weapons to obtain victory. Or was he like Odin, someone to whom commend yourself before battle, that not necessarily granted victory?
    – Rodia
    Commented Feb 22, 2017 at 12:55
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    @Rodia Tyr was slowly going out of fashion (he likely used to hold the position Odin had), and by the end of the pagan age, he, and probably also Thor, was more likely a god you prayed to for personal success, while Odin was the god for kings and lords. If you went into a trial by combat, Tyr would be the appropriate god to pray for, if you were fighting a war with another king, you needed Odin's favor
    – andejons
    Commented Feb 22, 2017 at 13:46
  • I was hoping for a positive answer, but I'm quite convinced by your post. I'll wait a bit before accepting it, if you don't mind.
    – Rodia
    Commented Feb 22, 2017 at 13:54
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Sigyn is prayed by a lot of pagans as the Goddess of Victory, since her name means "Friend of Victory" ;)

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    Hi Sunny, do you think you can expand on this? Can you add references or otherwise elaborate on your answer? Thanks!
    – cmw
    Commented Nov 11, 2022 at 14:23
  • Hello ! Of course, I’m glad to help. That theory is based first of all on Sigyn’s name. As you know, names in Norse mythology have meanings and are important. 'Glut' means "glow" as she's a FIRE giantess. 'Angrboda' means "Bringer of grief", as she gives birth to the "monsters" that will bring Ragnarok and kill the gods. And 'Sigyn' means 'Friend of Victory'... I read someone thought it was meant in an "ironical" way... but why would it be “ironical” for her, and not for the others? Commented Nov 13, 2022 at 22:11
  • Then, there is this one archeological remain we’ve got, that shows her and Loki, in their usual scene (Loki’s punishment). At the bottom (west side) of the Gosforth Cross (mid-11th century), located in Cumbria, England, you can see a representation of Sigyn, holding the bowl to protect Loki. If you look at her hair cut, it's typical of the Viking warriors when they went to battle... So yeah. Warrior!Sigyn for the win ^^' In the links, you will find three articles I’ve found for you. Commented Nov 13, 2022 at 22:12
  • The article in French is really interesting, and talks about the Gosforth Cross. They also have this theory about the “little friend” part of her name meaning she accompanied the warriors to war… as part of her duties as Goddess of Victory. Nowadays, the theory that Sigyn is/was Goddess of Victory for the Norse mythology is so popular that if your just google “Norse goddess of Victory”, her name will come up first :p Just try! Commented Nov 13, 2022 at 22:13

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