By this I mean, there is a definite parallel between Hel and other underworld goddesses, Kore/Persephone in particular, although the concept may be extended to Inanna/Geshtinanna, who Gaiman regards as the same personage in Ishtar/Belili.

In the conception of Hel, she actually embodies the binary, being "half alive, half dead", where in the Greek and Mesopotamian versions, the underworld aspect is distinct from the regenerative aspect.


We see some reference to regeneration per her presumed ability to resurrect Balder, and also in the idea that "gifts are sent back to Frigg and Fulla by Balder's wife Nanna as from a friendly kingdom" (Davidson?), but is Hel related to Freyja per Frejya's awesome regenerative power? I find it notable that Freyja also presides over a selection of the dead.

  • You are facing Chtonians deity. The most complex is inanna because she is sky goddess, but her adventure in underworld and her sister defintily turn her in a chtonian goddess. That said, Teshub or Zeus are embracing the sky god/Chtonian god of Inanna. Inanna, and even way more Ishtar is an embodiment of duality not achieve elsewhere. – Gibet Jul 21 '17 at 15:55
  • Freyja seems to be most close to Inanna, I don't see parallel between Hel and Inanna. – rus9384 Oct 13 '17 at 7:35
  • @rus9384 Absolutely. Freyja/Inanna are associated with beauty, love, fertility and war, but also with death. Here I'm trying to explore the underworld counterparts of these heavenly aspects of the goddess. – DukeZhou Oct 13 '17 at 16:54

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