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As in the title, are there any four-armed (two-legged) deities or creatures in the Greek or Roman pantheons? Essentially the morphological opposite of centaurs, in terms of limb numbers.

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    are you interested in exactly four arms? The early part of the Greek creation myths famously had the Hundred-Handed Ones. theoi.com/Titan/Hekatonkheires.html – Lauren-Reinstate-Monica-Ipsum Jan 11 '18 at 11:16
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    There are also giants with six arms: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gegenees – andejons Jan 11 '18 at 12:37
  • @LaurenIpsum Exactly four, yes. – rek Jan 11 '18 at 16:16
  • If this is for a literary endeavor, you may also want to explore the idea of mythopoesis, especially if you want to keep it in the Greek & Roman context. If you were to invent such a creature, you have two ways to go with the naming scheme. Literal, as in the case of monopodes (aka "Shadefoots"), or poetic, following Centaur (possibly "Bull-piercers") connoting the Lapiths as early horsemen who hunted with spears. – DukeZhou Jan 25 '18 at 19:48
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The Actiorione, Siamese twins and sons of Poseidon. They had four arms, four legs and two heads. Hesiod's Catalogues of Women mentions them:

Scholiast Ven. on Homer, Il. xi. 750: The two sons of Actor and Molione... Hesiod has given their descent by calling them after Actor and Molione; but their father was Poseidon.

Porphyrius,6 Quaest. Hom. ad Iliad. pert., 265: But Aristarchus is informed that they were twins, not . . . such as were the Dioscuri, but, on Hesiod's testimony, double in form and with two bodies and joined to one another.

They also appear in the Iliad; Nestor claims he could defeat them if their father hadn't taken their side (11:750-752) but they beat him a chariot race. (23,638)

  • Wikipedia has them as "Eurytus and Cteatus were twin brothers in Greek Mythology. Named the Moliones or Molionidai for their mother, Molione, they were the sons of either Actor or Poseidon and nephew of Augeas...." Two heads and four legs is a bit too many body parts, for what I'm looking for. – rek Jan 11 '18 at 22:02
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The closest to this that I can think of occurs in one obscure reference in Robert Graves' compilation The Greek Myths, a Combined Edition of which was published by Penguin Books in 1992. In describing a group of triplet goddesses of vengeance and retribution, who were called "the Erinnyes or Furies", Graves says (in Section 31.g, on p. 122) that

These Erinnyes were crones, with snakes for hair, dogs' heads, coal-black bodies, bats' wings, and bloodshot eyes.

Bats' wings are, actually, massively webbed arms with some very long fingers. Indian Fruit Bat With that being the case, and assuming that each of the Erinnyes had simply one pair of wings in addition to one pair of arms bearing a more human shape, then it would also be true to say that each of these sisters had a total of four arms (to go with her [only] two legs).

However, in the ancient iconography in which I have seen depictions of the Erinnyes, they are invariably completely humanoid, represented as women with snakes for hair (or simply with snakes writhing in the midst of their otherwise ordinary-looking hair) sometimes with obviously feathered bird-like wings. Nor have I read any ancient author who describes them as having either the bats' wings or the dogs' heads.

Beyond that anomalous reference, no, it does not seem that there are any such four-armed bipeds in Graeco-Roman mythology.

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