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Stories like the tale of the bamboo cutter that are about extraterrestrial beings who visit earth and either return to their place of origin or not. They can also be about people from earth visiting the moon or other planets (such as Lucian's True Story) and either returning or not returning to earth. Are there any?

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    It is delicate to answer this question, as it is. Reason: the concept of extraterrestrial is a concept for people understanding 'teerestrial' and thus understanding potential out of Earth life. Which ancient culture cannot. BUT on that regard most gods are living in god places, and are thus extraterrestrial. Orphéus going to Hell, or Herakles doing the same are exeample of what you are looking for. – Gibet Dec 10 '19 at 11:03
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It doesn't survive, but there seems to have been at least one earlier work about space travel: Antonius Diogenes's Wonders Beyond Thulë. This book, which was apparently presented with a straight face (unlike Lucian's satire), involved a character going past the edge of the earth and visiting both the Sun and the Moon.

Unfortunately, the work itself is lost; we only have fragments and a short summary now. But it seems fairly clear that Lucian's trip to the Moon and the war between the Lunars and the Solars was parodying Diogenes's definitely accurate stories.

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There are many example of myth/folklore about people for "space/another planet" coming to earth. Examples: Nordic, Hoppi, Aztec, Buddhism, Judaism, sumerian, Egyptian, american Indians, primitive african cultures, etc, etc A simple google search will produce many. This question is way too broad for a good answer

  • I dont know any myths about humans leaving earth. But u do know that most cultures viewed "aliens" as Gods – user14172 Oct 15 '18 at 3:01
  • @Dominictheinquisitive So this may be somewhat hard to anwswer if you are looking for a culturw who didnt view your aliens as Gods – user14172 Oct 15 '18 at 3:02
  • Norse people didn't have any concept of outer space/other dimensions like we do today, Ásgarðr, Jǫtunheimr etc are meant to be only lands that are really far away, hence you see people reaching those places by horse, going down through caves and so on. – Ergative Man Jan 22 at 13:30
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There's a myth about a rabbit living on the moon in Japanese mythology.

Saint Elijah is the only saint who ascended to heaven alive. He never died, but was taken away to Heaven in fire chariot. Whether this is a myth or not depends on your religious views.

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    would you happen to have any link to the story of the rabbit living on the moon? We need some sources to be able to accept an answer as existing in the folklore. Also I don't see how a saint who never died is in any way extraterrestrial: Extraterrestrial life refers to life occurring outside of Earth which did not originate on Earth. In this case, your saint originates from earth, so not really extraterrestrial – Calaom Jul 1 '19 at 7:51
  • Also, in the original question was asked about a travel, which I don't see for the rabbit. And heaven doesn't really count as another world – Calaom Jul 1 '19 at 7:53
  • en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Moon_rabbit The rabbit is actually taken to the moon due to his virtue. There are other similar myths from other places. As for saint Elijah, well heaven is a completely different realm. It's not another planet, but it's completely outside of earth, which is what extraterrestrial means. And the question was about extraterrestrial travel. – Stelpa Jul 1 '19 at 15:04
  • You're right and as @user14172 pointed out in his answer, we should close this question as too broad for a lot of myth will comply with the small requirements – Calaom Jul 1 '19 at 17:55
  • Saint Elijah doesn't qualify as the question clarifies that a man needs to travel to another planet or the moon (and not elsewhere), to qualify. The title of the question may ask about "extraterrestrial voyages" but the details of the question clarify what I wanted to say for human travelers. Also please do include the wikipedia link to your answer so it can be complete (because the link details that the rabbit does travel). – Dominic the inquisitive yesterday
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In Australian Aboriginal myths there's the ancient cave art called the "Wandjinas". Wandjinas There are many interpretaions of the people in this art. One is that the Wandjinas were aliens from other planets who visited the Aborigines. A dissussion of this is at: Wandjinas Claims

This is one of these situaltions where I have specialist knowledge that most peopel and mods don't have. The next thing is going to be "close this thread because I don't provide a nice, juicy smoking gun quote from an Aboriginal person saying yes my ancestors saw UFO'S."

Sadly the world is more complex that that. A very simplified primer on Australian Aboriginal research and its problems. [1] The Aboriginal people of Australia were totally oral in their passed down traditions. They never had an alphabet or writing; thye passed down myths by art or spoken stories. So there is no "book" to be found like the Christian bible. [2] To this day Aboriginal people do not reveal the secrets of their past and culture to anyone outside of their Aboriginal tribe. That includes even anthropology researchers that they have trust in. [3] The Aboriginal stories are extremely complex. For instance they gave names to the constellations like many societies. But they went further. They gave names to the parts of the sky that had NO stars: the blank parts. They considered them unlucky.

I thought long and hard about whether I should post this at all. It does enter into a real minefield for those 3 reasons.

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