In Homer's Odyssey, Odysseus is rich: he owns cattle, swine, sheep, goats. Kirkē asks Odysseus to sacrifice cattle and sheep, and to do libation with milk, honey, wine, flour; Teiresias asks Odysseus to sacrifice cattle and sheep and swine (in the future after the end of the story). The Odyssey also mentions people other than Odysseus sacrificing cattle.
What I find odd is that the Odyssey never seems to mention chicken or other poultry. Why is this?
- Were chickens not kept in Greece in those times yet? I was under the impression that poultry arrived in Europe centuries before that.
- Did Odysseus live in a climate unfavorable for keeping chicken?
- Was sacrificing poultry a habit started later, in the Roman times, and not yet practiced at the time?
- Or was sacrificing chicken was deemed beneath Odysseus, reserved for people not rich enough to sacrifice cattle and sheep?