Questions tagged [comparative]

For questions that compare mythology or folklore from multiple cultures.

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28 views

What high school subject would mythology & creation myth be covered in?

Not sure if this is the best site to ask this question, but what high school subjects would generally cover mythology and creation myth? I have heard that possibly ancient history or literature in ...
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39 views

Did any cultures worship an actively malevolent being as their primary deity?

Every culture I've ever heard of has primarily worshipped a being that deserved to rule the universe. Whether the sole figure in a monotheistic religion like the Christian God, or the primary god in a ...
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Why Mahabharata or Ramayana did not considered as earlier civilisation than IVC?

As we all know IVC is the first civilisation in India between 3300 to 1300 BCE. But Mahabharata and Ramayana should dated before this period based on Yuga cycle. Then we haven’t considered these are ...
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143 views

Is there any folklore in non-European culture that may be an attempt to “explain” similar to changeling myths in Western Europe and Scandinavia?

It has been suggested by some authors that stories of changelings in Scandinavia and western Europe are an attempt by ancient peoples used to try and explain developmental abnormalities in children, ...
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53 views

Besides the Chinese and Western Zodiacs, are there other folk traditions with a different set of creatures? [closed]

I'm a writer working in a book and I need a set of creatures for a fantasy book. To give you an idea of what I intend I already use the animal signs of the Chinese Zodiac in an idea with each one ...
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50 views

Perception of echoes and myths concerning its nature in Northern America

I was recently listening to a song from the movie "The Ballad of Buster Scruggs", this song to be more precise. Anyway, at some point as you can see in the video, the voice of the singer ...
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2answers
72 views

How did dasavataras end?

We know the stories of Narasimha (man with lion head), Rama and Krishna. I am seeking answers for how other incarnations of lord Vishnu was ended. Let’s take an example of incarnation ended. Lord ...
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53 views

Mythological figure for self-motivated seeking of unprejudiced knowledge

I am looking for the name of a mythological person, god, spirit etc. or narrative which stands for the unbiased search for knowledge or naive learning. I am not so much looking for famous examples for ...
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2answers
94 views

Other names for Drákaines?

The greek Drákaines (Δράκαινες) is a race or group of serpent-like creatures with human features, generally female. Basically what the Medusa from the original 80's Clash of the Titans, minus the ...
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1answer
54 views

Non-Greek myths related to weddings

There are a few Greek myths that are tied to weddings, like Thetis wedding as the origin of the Trojan war. Are there other tales in major mythologies that include weddings? I am looking for myths ...
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1answer
133 views

Are there any gods or similar beings other than Nemesis that laid eggs?

Castor and Pollux, Helen and Clytemnestra are considered twins, and may or may not have hatched from eggs laid by Nemesis after being impregnated by her father Zeus as swans https://www.theoi.com/...
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1answer
325 views

Tubal-cain (תּוּבַל קַיִן) and Vulcan

In Hebrew, "B" and "V" are the same letter (ב), so without the "Tu", Tubalcain (תּוּבַל קַיִן) and Vulcan are very similar names. The French spelling is "Vulcain&...
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67 views

Are there any examples of gods or people boasting of their ability to engage in multiple acts of sex in succession?

Are there any examples in mythologies of gods or people boasting about their ability to engage in multiple acts of sex (multi-orgasmic) in succession? I am looking for examples in which they specify ...
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2answers
178 views

Could ancient myths of “giants” hint to contact with other species of homini?

Many mythologies mention some form of "giants". Those giants may or may not be described as greater in height, but are always described as greater in strength and are portraied as violent. Examples ...
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209 views

Why did Snorri Sturlson link the Norse Gods to the Trojans?

In the Prologue to the Prose Edda, he seems to develop a genealogy of the Norse Gods being descendants of the Trojans. Starting with the Trojan king Priam, he develops connections, like for example ...
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189 views

What are the similarities and differences between Greek gods and Roman gods?

I've seen that sometimes gods in Greek mythology have different names than the gods in Roman mythology. I've also seen that they are basically the same god just with a different name. What makes Greek ...
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1answer
45 views

What does internet-transmitted folklore reveal about how we generate and spread folkore?

Even before the internet, information was being faithfully replicated through global communication networks like faxes. Then they replicated through email chains, and finally broke free of a specific ...
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27 views

Is Hebe related to the concept of Xenia?

Does anyone knows if theres classical reference for relating the Goddess Hebe with Xenia or Theoxenia (receiving well the guests)? I found relations of Hebe with marriage and pardoning supplicants, ...
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141 views

Are there any older cases of exorcism in other mythology than the Abrahamic religions?

In the Gospel of luke, Jesus exorcises a multitude of demons who call themselves Legion into a herd of pigs which he then drove into a lake. 26 They sailed to the region of the Gerasenes, which is ...
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759 views

Examples of castration myths besides Ouranos

I'd like to know of other castration myths besides the one with Gea, Cronos and that poor guy Ouranos. I didn't find much with a quick Google search, and the only other case that comes to mind is ...
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179 views

What succession myths exist other than the Greek one?

Where the gods are killed/overthrown. Ragnarok sort of applies, though there's no replacement of the previous gods.
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1answer
78 views

How was Mongol religion influenced by Christianity?

One story stands out to me in particular. Erlik, a deity in Mongol mythology, was either the brother of or created as the first human by the supreme god Ülgen. I read that Erlik wanted to become equal ...
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1answer
166 views

How have ignorance and wisdom been represented in mythology?

Wisdom and Ignorance is a common dichotomy across many religions, and I was wondering if there are any specific examples of personifications or deities of wisdom and/or ignorance in mythological ...
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60 views

Does anyone know any good sources/books regarding ancient Armenian mythology?

I have been trying to find sources online about Armenian mythology but since the culture is so old and the Church burned so many texts about their paganism, I have difficulty finding anything. Most ...
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651 views

What Christian influences are there in the Prose Edda, besides the prologue?

I've often read that there are Christian influences in the Prose Edda: Snorri’s Edda was later nicknamed the 'Younger Edda' because much of it derives from older sources. What those sources were ...
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56 views

Where are these ancient texts online in Unicode format? [closed]

I am looking for some potentially lesser well-known texts from these languages: Korea Georgia Kannada Bengali Persian (Avesta) Gujarati Amharic Urdu Cyrillic etc. Agama (Sufi) Tantra Thai Telugu ...
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628 views

The Great Bear and Dragon encircling the Tree of Life

In "Yeats Poems" by W. B. Yeats, pg. 522, (in notes to his poem 'The Poet pleads with the Elemental Powers') it is written, Yeats commented that the Great Bear and the constellation of the Dragon '...
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46 views

Are there any examples of human sacrifice in tribal societies?

Specifically, I mean human sacrifices of their own members (not outside members or prisoners). After watching a chilling movie related to the topic I started thinking more about human sacrifice and ...
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1answer
139 views

Why are Gods in the Greek pantheon portrayed as performing unsavory & amoral acts?

I was perusing the series 'Crash-course: Mythology' by John Green (Great Show) about pantheons. When it arrived on the Hellenic Pantheon, Its a web of confusing genealogy rivaled only by the Egyptian ...
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49 views

What is the relevant book for comparative mythology nowadays?

Since i am not in the field of mythology & folklore scholar but a reader. I have interested some of topic in comparative mythology especially: The diffusions of mythology across the world. The ...
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1answer
813 views

Are there any Demigods who became gods of their own power?

The only "demigod" I know who would apply would be Dionysus in Greek mythology who had to prove his divinity but didn't need other gods to raise him up to godhood. Are there any others like him in any ...
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1answer
93 views

Do Modern Cults Create Their own Myths?

I would define a "modern" cult as being in the age of the internet. This is fair to me; a cult relies upon spreading its message and the internet has changed that. So the earliest cults were in the ...
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659 views

Is there any link between Achilles and Sigurd/Siegfried?

The two heroes are invulnerable, Achilles because he was dipped in the river Styx by his mother Thetis, and Siegfried because he took a bath in the dragon's blood. Both have a weak spot though, ...
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58 views

Do Indians openly adopt and syncretize foreign religions? [closed]

I don't know much about Hinduism and the details of Indian history, but I feel that in India it is very common to nationalize foreign religions, beginning with the indianization of Sumerian deities, ...
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135 views

Are Greek Myths and Heroes Rooted in actual History and People?

I completed reading a book titled "Old Greek Stories" by James Baldwin. It features some well known Ancient Heroes such as Theseus & Perseus. But the way it was told seemed like several nations ...
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2answers
109 views

Are there any stories or fables in mythology that have an anarchist message?

Most mythologies that I read are used to justify the power structures in society. Are there any that instead preach democracy, anti-authority, pro-education, or free love?
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157 views

Stories of children raised out of human society?

I am interested in the theme of human children nursed and/or raised out of human society (e.g. Mowgli or Romulus and Remus), whether by animals, gods, flowers, aliens, etc. Are there any myths in ...
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2answers
176 views

What are some myths that combine the scatological and the sacred?

A quick warning to all, for obvious reasons this question will be very explicit. But to the point, when Carl Jung was a small boy he had the following thoughts on being overwhelmed by the beauty of a ...
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177 views

What are some sentient creatures of pre-Columbian Mesoamerican mythology?

I have read a bit about the five suns world creation myth, and I am curious if the original peoples of Mesoamerica believed in other sentient beings similar to the fairies, centaurs and such of ...
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2answers
775 views

Do all (or most) religions believe in the existence of an afterlife?

I'm talking about both modern and ancient religions that we know of. Christianity -> Heaven, Hell Greco Roman -> Hades Egyptian -> Anubis, Osiris among many others. Are there any exceptions to this ...
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1answer
991 views

What mythological figures have died for love?

I was recently thinking about Orpheus, and different accounts of his death, and although they tend to vary, the versions that strike me as most compelling are those in which the loss of Eurydice may ...
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120 views

What are some mythological examples of emotionally-charged symbolic acts of grief?

I'm looking for mythological examples of loss leading to intense emotional and symbolic displays of grief, whether spontaneous, performative, ritual or some combination of the above. That is, grief so ...
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Are there any common concepts in Egypt and Norse mythology / civilization?

I'm looking for some concepts (could be objects, weapons, creatures, traditions, ...) that are common between both Egypt and Norse mythology/folklore or history/civilization. Context: I'm working on ...
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6answers
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Are the Nephilim the demi-gods of the bible?

The Nephilim were not aliens, angels, “Watchers,” or rock monsters; they were literal, physical beings produced from the union of the sons of God and the daughters of men. When man began to ...
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599 views

Who was the first Satan like deity/creature/person in mythology?

There are satan/devil representations in other faiths/myths. But who was the first to have a role and background similar to Satan? Since religions sometimes take over traits of the old ones there ...
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114 views

Why do so many cultures have a myth of the world being made or remade from water?

In various creation and flood myths the world is said to be remade from water, why would different ancient cultures have this same theme?
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144 views

A unified understanding and description of a “spirit”?

This is something I've been struggling with for a while now, something that I'm hoping someone with a background in mythology, folklore, and/or anthropology might be able to help me with. I come from ...
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227 views

What are some references to Mathonwy in Welsh legends?

Mathonwy is the father of Math fab Mathony and a mother godess Dôn in Welsh legend, who is believed to be analogous to Danu from Irish and Vedic legends. Are there any surviving sources, either ...
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493 views

What are the supernatural properties of gold in mythology and folklore?

I would like to research the supernatural properties and/or uses that gold shows in mythologies and/or folklore. I am not talking about the properties or abilities of specific artifacts made of gold ...
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1answer
3k views

Is it Liberty or Columbia depicted in John Gast's “American Progress”?

In the 1872 painting American Progress, by John Gast, is the gigantic female figure in the center supposed to be Liberty or Columbia? If it is Columbia, were other Columbias of the age dressed so ...