Questions tagged [comparative]

For questions that compare mythology or folklore from multiple cultures.

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2answers
608 views

The Great Bear and Dragon encircling the Tree of Life

In "Yeats Poems" by W. B. Yeats, pg. 522, (in notes to his poem 'The Poet pleads with the Elemental Powers') it is written, Yeats commented that the Great Bear and the constellation of the Dragon '...
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109 views

Are there any stories or fables in mythology that have an anarchist message?

Most mythologies that I read are used to justify the power structures in society. Are there any that instead preach democracy, anti-authority, pro-education, or free love?
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67 views

Are there any examples of gods or people boasting of their ability to engage in multiple acts of sex in succession?

Are there any examples in mythologies of gods or people boasting about their ability to engage in multiple acts of sex (multi-orgasmic) in succession? I am looking for examples in which they specify ...
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1answer
276 views

Persian Zeus in Xenophon's Cyropaedia

In the Cyropaedia, the fictional biography of Cyrus the Great, there are, at least, 26 instances of "Zeus", in many cases used like... "By Zeus!" This is interpretatio graeca, of course, but, if we ...
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2answers
141 views

Are there any older cases of exorcism in other mythology than the Abrahamic religions?

In the Gospel of luke, Jesus exorcises a multitude of demons who call themselves Legion into a herd of pigs which he then drove into a lake. 26 They sailed to the region of the Gerasenes, which is ...
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1answer
137 views

Who says Abraxas is a prince of hell?

I asked a previous question about Abraxas here, briefly talking about what he is and asking how the number 365 relates to him in so many ways. A few days later, I was talking to someone who happened ...
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1answer
489 views

What are the supernatural properties of gold in mythology and folklore?

I would like to research the supernatural properties and/or uses that gold shows in mythologies and/or folklore. I am not talking about the properties or abilities of specific artifacts made of gold ...
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1answer
172 views

Are there any stories which are about a species that is neither human nor divine?

I am aware that some mythologies/religions include species apart from humans and gods (e.g. Islam and Norse mythology). However, are there any stories which are written about them? My definition for "...
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338 views

Parallels between Hecate and the Devil?

Hecate was associated with crossroads, just as the devil was. Do the similarities end there? Could Hecate qualify as a devil figure?
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1answer
969 views

What mythological figures have died for love?

I was recently thinking about Orpheus, and different accounts of his death, and although they tend to vary, the versions that strike me as most compelling are those in which the loss of Eurydice may ...
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1answer
1k views

How do Dionysus and Jesus relate?

I was reading Dan Brown and found out that Dionysus's birthday (I assume 2nd birth from Zeus's calf) is the same as Jesus. What similarities do they share other than this?
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767 views

Which Celtic god is the equivalent of the Roman Dis Pater?

In Book IV of his Commentaries on the Gallic War, Julius Caesar tells us all Gauls claimed descent from Dis Pater: 18. All the Gauls assert that they are descended from the god Dis, and say that this ...
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178 views

Could ancient myths of “giants” hint to contact with other species of homini?

Many mythologies mention some form of "giants". Those giants may or may not be described as greater in height, but are always described as greater in strength and are portraied as violent. Examples ...
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60 views

Does anyone know any good sources/books regarding ancient Armenian mythology?

I have been trying to find sources online about Armenian mythology but since the culture is so old and the Church burned so many texts about their paganism, I have difficulty finding anything. Most ...
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265 views

Where Can I Study Parallel Mythologies?

I am very fascinated with the notion that there are significant parallels between mythologies - there may be different reincarnations of the same God? For instance, we know that Hermes is Mercury, ...
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1k views

Why do several myths portray snakes as good things?

In western culture, being compared to a snake is bad thing. Snakes are portrayed as lying, sneaky animals who are not to be trusted. You can refer to someone as a "snake in the grass" and snakes are ...
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1answer
173 views

Cows as symbols of Wisdom

I just finished a very interesting article "Boand" river-goddess and rebel" that talks about the bovine origin of her name, and makes a good case for cows as a symbol of wisdom in Irish lore. The ...
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177 views

What are some sentient creatures of pre-Columbian Mesoamerican mythology?

I have read a bit about the five suns world creation myth, and I am curious if the original peoples of Mesoamerica believed in other sentient beings similar to the fairies, centaurs and such of ...
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70 views

Which cultures worship boars?

I'm searching for a list of cultures/regions which worshiped/revered boars. I only know of Hinduism of the Indian Subcontinent, where an avatar of Lord Vishnu, Varaha is worshiped. Further, I'm ...
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106 views

How many lost continents are in Mythology?

A majority of people will know of Atlantis. It is a Greek, fictional island, misregarded as oral history. Atlantis is mentioned in Plato's works Timaeus and Critias and is placed in the Atlantic Ocean....
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233 views

Are there any females who have many consorts but are still celebrated?

Many heroes and gods have many consorts but are still popular and worshipped and good examples of these are Zeus of Greek Mythology and Arjuna of Hindu Mythology. Are there any females similar to them?...
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804 views

Are there any Demigods who became gods of their own power?

The only "demigod" I know who would apply would be Dionysus in Greek mythology who had to prove his divinity but didn't need other gods to raise him up to godhood. Are there any others like him in any ...
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1answer
223 views

Uses of encoding and ciphers in Mythology

One of my favorite stories is the Ovid version of Philomel. (She pre-figures the Tarantino heroines in many ways. Note that the elements of other myths section of Wikipedia omits the most direct ...
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53 views

Non-Greek myths related to weddings

There are a few Greek myths that are tied to weddings, like Thetis wedding as the origin of the Trojan war. Are there other tales in major mythologies that include weddings? I am looking for myths ...
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72 views

How did dasavataras end?

We know the stories of Narasimha (man with lion head), Rama and Krishna. I am seeking answers for how other incarnations of lord Vishnu was ended. Let’s take an example of incarnation ended. Lord ...
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1answer
319 views

Tubal-cain (תּוּבַל קַיִן) and Vulcan

In Hebrew, "B" and "V" are the same letter (ב), so without the "Tu", Tubalcain (תּוּבַל קַיִן) and Vulcan are very similar names. The French spelling is "Vulcain&...
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1answer
45 views

What does internet-transmitted folklore reveal about how we generate and spread folkore?

Even before the internet, information was being faithfully replicated through global communication networks like faxes. Then they replicated through email chains, and finally broke free of a specific ...
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1answer
416 views

Is there a Japanese equivalent to the three fates?

I am not looking for an exact equivalent(i.e. Shinto god/goddess/gods/goddesses of fate), but if there is, by all means, please let us know. I am looking more along the lines of, do/did those who ...
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2answers
654 views

What's the purpose of seminal fluid in mythology?

An excerpt from TV tropes: People are fairly familiar with the story of how Set murdered Osiris to get his throne only to be thwarted by Osiris' son Horus, but most people don't know how it was ...
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1answer
134 views

Were there any other “Mythos Transfers”, other than the Greek-Roman transfer?

Were there any other Mythos Transfers, other than the Greek-Roman transfer? To clarify, I mean an almost complete copy of another religion/myth system. The greek-roman mythos transfer was basically ...
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34 views

Did any cultures worship an actively malevolent being as their primary deity?

Every culture I've ever heard of has primarily worshipped a being that deserved to rule the universe. Whether the sole figure in a monotheistic religion like the Christian God, or the primary god in a ...
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53 views

Mythological figure for self-motivated seeking of unprejudiced knowledge

I am looking for the name of a mythological person, god, spirit etc. or narrative which stands for the unbiased search for knowledge or naive learning. I am not so much looking for famous examples for ...
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49 views

What is the relevant book for comparative mythology nowadays?

Since i am not in the field of mythology & folklore scholar but a reader. I have interested some of topic in comparative mythology especially: The diffusions of mythology across the world. The ...
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102 views

How does Australian Aboriginal totemism compare to its Native American parallels?

I was surprised to find out that the concept of totemism is present in Australian Aboriginal tales. Up until today, I was under the - obviously mistaken - impression that it was a concept unique to ...
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2answers
7k views

What is the easiest way to become a god? [closed]

This is a question across all pantheons and mythologies. Overall what is the easiest way to become a god? It should be an one-time act. But perhaps for simplicity sake we can use immortality as the ...
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1answer
138 views

Why are Gods in the Greek pantheon portrayed as performing unsavory & amoral acts?

I was perusing the series 'Crash-course: Mythology' by John Green (Great Show) about pantheons. When it arrived on the Hellenic Pantheon, Its a web of confusing genealogy rivaled only by the Egyptian ...
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1answer
255 views

Babylonian, Sumerian or Mesopotamian

I was looking up the Babylonian creation myth(didn't find it) and clicked on one of their gods, Ereshkigal, Queen of the underworld, or Kur. The page says she is from Mesopotamian Mythology and the ...
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2answers
775 views

Do all (or most) religions believe in the existence of an afterlife?

I'm talking about both modern and ancient religions that we know of. Christianity -> Heaven, Hell Greco Roman -> Hades Egyptian -> Anubis, Osiris among many others. Are there any exceptions to this ...
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1answer
165 views

How have ignorance and wisdom been represented in mythology?

Wisdom and Ignorance is a common dichotomy across many religions, and I was wondering if there are any specific examples of personifications or deities of wisdom and/or ignorance in mythological ...
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93 views

Other names for Drákaines?

The greek Drákaines (Δράκαινες) is a race or group of serpent-like creatures with human features, generally female. Basically what the Medusa from the original 80's Clash of the Titans, minus the ...
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1answer
129 views

Are there any gods or similar beings other than Nemesis that laid eggs?

Castor and Pollux, Helen and Clytemnestra are considered twins, and may or may not have hatched from eggs laid by Nemesis after being impregnated by her father Zeus as swans https://www.theoi.com/...
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1answer
78 views

How was Mongol religion influenced by Christianity?

One story stands out to me in particular. Erlik, a deity in Mongol mythology, was either the brother of or created as the first human by the supreme god Ülgen. I read that Erlik wanted to become equal ...
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1answer
3k views

Is it Liberty or Columbia depicted in John Gast's “American Progress”?

In the 1872 painting American Progress, by John Gast, is the gigantic female figure in the center supposed to be Liberty or Columbia? If it is Columbia, were other Columbias of the age dressed so ...
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2answers
277 views

What themes can be found throughout most mythologies? (Flood, Apocalypse, etc)

Looking for themes that can be found throughout different mythologies so that I can compare and contrast the story of them. A few themes I have thought about were creation myths, flood myths, and ...
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4answers
9k views

Is there a connection between Odin or Zeus and the Christian God?

Could the Norse Odin or the Greek Zeus be Christianity's "The Creator" and father of Jesus?
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1answer
114 views

Why do so many cultures have a myth of the world being made or remade from water?

In various creation and flood myths the world is said to be remade from water, why would different ancient cultures have this same theme?
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137 views

When are the flood myths in mythologies?

History places the flood myths as a culture's way to explain the end of the last ice age. This happened about 10,000 years ago. But this book I'm reading (The Chronicles of the Imaginarium Geographica,...
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1answer
641 views

What Christian influences are there in the Prose Edda, besides the prologue?

I've often read that there are Christian influences in the Prose Edda: Snorri’s Edda was later nicknamed the 'Younger Edda' because much of it derives from older sources. What those sources were ...
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144 views

A unified understanding and description of a “spirit”?

This is something I've been struggling with for a while now, something that I'm hoping someone with a background in mythology, folklore, and/or anthropology might be able to help me with. I come from ...
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1answer
93 views

Do Modern Cults Create Their own Myths?

I would define a "modern" cult as being in the age of the internet. This is fair to me; a cult relies upon spreading its message and the internet has changed that. So the earliest cults were in the ...