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Questions tagged [greek]

For questions about Greek mythology and legends from ancient Greece to the present day.

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How many Ancient Greek names got their English names from French or nativised in English?

The majority of Ancient Greek people (be it mythological or real) or places got their English names from their Latinized Greek names (Uranus, Achilles, etc.), except for a select few that got their ...
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Why is rape featured so prominently in Greek mythology?

Reading up on some myths I started to notice that a lot of raping has been going on in Greek mythology. Why is this featured so prominently and what is the (if any) hidden meaning behind the rapes? Or ...
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What is that on Athena's chest?

In this statue there is something what looks like a face on Athena's chest. I have seen it on some other statues of Athena. What is it? Is there a myth behind it?
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Who were the Guardians of Olympus?

I am aware of Hercules and his two sons, as well as of the Horae who guard the doors of Olympus, but were there any other deities instructed with guarding the home of the gods?
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The Odyssey lock scene (Book 21): Translations vs. original Greek?

Near the beginning of Book 21, most translators have used some peculiar language to describe Penelope's unlocking of the door behind which Odysseus' bow is kept. Fagles writes (lines 54–56) ...
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Who was the fastest character in Greek mythology?

We say an A400M Atlas airplane flying the other day, and my colleague said "It's so slow". I told him "It's Atlas, not <fastestMythicalCharacter>!". I ended up using the modern superhero Flash, ...
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Medea in the Dunciad

The mortal Medea, as described in Wikipedia, does not appear to characterize the lines in Alexander Pope's Dunciad: As one by one, at dread Medea's strain, The sick'ning stars fade off th' ...
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Are there any instances of defying a prophecy?

In Greek mythology, there are many prophecies. Usually, in spite of someone's effort to prevent it, what is prophesized still happens. As far as I'm aware, the only one to successfully avoid a ...
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Who is “she who slew the Gorgon” in Euripides?

In Euripides' Ion, we find the following lines in a dialogue between Ion and his mother Creusa (Perseus Digital Library text in parallel with Coleridge's translation): Κρέουσα: ἴστω Γοργοφόνα — ...
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What are the old laws of Cronos?

Athena blinded the young Tiresias by covering his eyes with her hands when he surprised her naked. Tiresias' mother, the nymph Chariclo who was dear to Athena and one of her attendants, asked the ...
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Drinking water from the River Lethe

They were all required to drink a measure of the water, and those who were not saved by their good sense, drank more than the measure, and each one as he drank forgot all things. Found here in ...
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What does Tiresias's answer to the gods mean?

Zeus and Hera once had an argument on which gender enjoyed love making more. They called on Tiresias, a mortal that had been both a man and a woman. his answer was this... Of ten parts a man enjoys ...
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What is the 'White Rock' in Greek mythology?

I just found this term, White Rock, or Leucas, while reading about the Underworld here. As men and women die, Hermes leads their souls to the Underworld, past the streams of Oceanus, past the White ...
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Why did Apollo trick Artemis into killing Orion?

In one of the endings of Orion's myth, Apollo challenges Artemis' skills and tells her to shoot at Orion, who is swimming in a lake. Artemis, who can't see that it's Orion, shoots and unknowingly ...
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Image of God of Time

In the Time for Chronos, I wrote some code that uses the chrono library to measure the time needed for an image of God of time Chronos to be displayed in ASCII art. However, I am not sure about the ...
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What are some differences between Ares and the amazons in the 2017 film Wonder Woman and the actual mythology?

In the beginning of the 2017 film Wonder Woman, Diana aka Wonder Woman, is read a story by her mom, Queen Hippolyta, supposedly corresponding to Queen Hippolyta of Greek mythology. The story begins: ...
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Who is this Greek goddess?

Please help me identify this Greek goddess statue in the attached image. Who is this? She is wearing a hat of some kind and is holding flowers or some other plants.
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What were the deeds of Hippolytus?

Renaissance composer Nicola Vicentino set the following text in one of his madrigals: Musica prisca caput tenebris modo sustulit altis Dulcibus ut numeris priscis certantia factis Facta ...
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What color is ichor in greek mythology?

I've tried googling this and I've found basically nothing. The first result says it's blue, but I was highly suspicious of it, and haven't found anything else to confirm it. I'm skeptical of any ...
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Why was Tenes made king?

Tenes was a son of Apollo or King Cycnus and was falsely accused of forced intercourse. He was found guilty. As punishment, he and his sister were put in a box (much like the legend of Perseus and his ...
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How Zeus became king of the gods?

Zeus is King of Gods. God of the sky, lightning, thunder, law, order, and justice but how and why? Why he is called King of all gods? Which made him king and what were those factors that he was ...
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Did Zeus give Pandora the box?

Did Zeus give Pandora the box? So the version I'm most familiar with is that Epimetheus had a box containing the evils of the world, but in some other versions e.g. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=...
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How did Hercules kill the lion without being clawed to death?

The myth says he killed the lion by putting the beast in a stranglehold and choking it to death, but how did he avoid being clawed and bitten by the lion while doing so?
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Planctae vs. Symplegades

In the Argonautica, both the Planctea and the Symplegades are mentioned. One on the way in search of the Golden Fleece and the other on the way back. The Planctea was also known as, "the Wondering ...
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The Atlas Continuity Issue

One of Heracles's twelve labors was to retrieve the golden apples from the Hesperides, the "Daughters of the Evening". The only one who'd know where they are is the titan Atlas, who was condemned to ...
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Hagrid, a kind giant

If you have read Harry Potter/Fantastic Beasts and Where to Find Them by Joanne Rowling, you see references to Greek/Roman Mythology everywhere. To name a few (or more), Hermione- princess of Sparta ...
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Greek or Roman equivalent of Bible

Wondering if there are any documents that document the Greek or Roman mythologies in a way similar to the bible, in that it acts as a comprehensive resource for all the knowledge about it. Maybe ...
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Are there Evil Sybils or Diviners in Greco-Roman Tradition?

In the Judeo-Christian tradition there are people of Divine Insight who do evil, such as the Diviner Balaam. I'm wondering if there are Greco-Roman examples like this, especially regarding the ...
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Was it an option for the Trojans to give Helen back? Why didn't they?

In the Trojan War in Greek Mythology the Greeks spent 10 years fighting to capture Troy, because the Trojan Prince Paris had stolen the Greek King Menelaus' beautiful wife Helen. Finally when the ...
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What do we know about Apollo Maleatas?

From Wikipedia: The sanctuary of Apollo Maleatas (Greek: Ἀπόλλων Μαλεάτας) is located on a low hill on Mount Kynortion, east of the sanctuary of Asklepios at Epidaurus. At the peak of the hill was ...
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Is Phoebus an alternate name for Apollo or is a description of Apollo?

Is Phoebus an alternate name for Apollo or is a description of Apollo? In other words, I want to know if Phoebus is a name or simply a common noun that means "light" or "brightness". There was also a ...
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A rock on a beach

I've heard of a story in greek mythology, but I am missing a lot of details. Can you help me recover the place where, supposedly, everything happened ? A guy goes alone to a village to steal wine and ...
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Metis' unborn son

In the myth of Athena's birth it is mentioned that Metis' second child would overthrow Zeus. When Zeus swallowed Metis, he prevented the prophecy's fulfillment and Metis never had a son. But what if ...
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Djinn and devils/demons question

I know that ancient Arabians had a mythology about evil creatures made of dust and fire called djinn, now my question is this: how were they different from Demons and devils?
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How did Aphrodite's promise of Helen to Paris work?

When Paris was asked to choose a recipient for the Golden Apple of Discord, he accepted Aphrodite's bribe and gave it to her in exchange for Menelaus's wife Helen. Paris later took Helen from Menelaus ...
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Where is the Ancient Greek belief of Pre-Existence referenced?

There's a Greek belief about choosing your parents, your life, and the problems in the world. As mentioned in this video. I'm trying to find the full story/myth. Where can I look? TEDxSinCity - Dave ...
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When was a pair of Greek and Roman gods first identified?

There is a canonical correspondence between some Greek and Roman gods and goddesses, for example Ares and Mars. However, these two were originally different deities and quite different in nature. My ...
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What animal did Demeter transform into?

When Typhon showed up at Olympus, most of the gods fled to Egypt in the form of animals. (Wikipedia is the only place I found what form they took.) Apollo was a hawk, Hermes an ibis, Ares a fish, ...
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How can gods hide themselves from other god's gaze?

I know of Hades with his Helm of Darkness. I know that Athena gave a Helm of Darkness to the hero Perseus and later used it (or another) herself in the Iliad to hid from Ares. Another point in the ...
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Do the gods know all other gods?

In the Odyssey, Hermes takes flight to Ogygia, Calypso's island, at Zeus's command to tell Calypso to let Odysseus leave to go home. When he arrives, Calypso recognizes him right away because, "the ...
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What is the fight between Odysseus and Achilles?

I remember reading in the Odyssey about a bard retelling the story of Odysseus and Achilles having a fight. It had Odysseus put his head down in tears as the bard sang the story. But it didn't say ...
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Who is the goddess Kalligeneia?

While exploring Demeter's title Thesmophoros (θεσμός, thesmos: divine order, unwritten law; φόρος, phoros: bringer, bearer) by clicking on the Wikipedia link, I found nothing relating to it. The link, ...
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Why was it important that the cattle have 'never yet felt the goad?'

In the Iliad, book 6, there is a line were Hector is speaking to his mother. "...Get the matrons together, and go with offerings to the temple of Athena driver of the spoil; there, upon the knees ...
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Why does Perseus carry a sickle instead of a sword?

Perseus armed with a sickle has a well established iconography in Greek mythology: From Theoi.com: But why does Perseus carry this "weapon" instead of a proper sword, like it is shown in later ...
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What kinds of love do individual Greek gods represent?

The Greeks had four concepts for love: éros (ἔρος), storgē (στοργή), philía (φιλία) and agápe (ἀγάπη). Eros being passionate love or romantic love. Storge means love between good friends and family. ...
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How did Perseus die?

I'd like to know of any myths surrounding Perseus' death (the same Perseus that killed Medusa), but Wikipedia only mentions this line about it: According to Hyginus, Fabulae 244, Megapenthes ...
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Why did Zeus take half the goodness out of a man?

I found something online mentioning a passage from the Odyssey, Book XVII. I checked it against my own Odyssey translated by Samuel Butler. The passage holds true. "...Servants never do their work ...
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How did Aphrodite even help the Trojans during the Trojan war?

I am a Latin student, and currently studying the Trojan war myths How could Aphrodite, being the goddess of love (being almost as far from a war goddess as possible) help Paris and the Trojans ...
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What kind of dog breed would Cerberus be?

There are countless depictions of Cerberus with various number of heads or additional parts such as snake heads or tails. Some even say that Cerberus did not refer to a dog or hound at all, but rather ...
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What does Ulysses Pidytes of Percote mean?

I just opened my Iliad et Odyssey (Translated by Samuel Butler), and I saw this... Polypoetes then killed Astyalus, Ulysses Pidytes of Percote, and Teucer Aretaon. The Iliad, Book VI, page 98 ...