Questions tagged [greek]

For questions about Greek mythology and legends from ancient Greece to the present day.

50 questions with no upvoted or accepted answers
Filter by
Sorted by
Tagged with
7 votes
1 answer
422 views

Did Helen and Stentor have voice-related "super-powers"?

Helen's Many Voices In Odyssey 4.274-289 Menelaus recounts a story from the time that he and other leaders of the Greek forces at Troy were hiding in the famous decoy wooden horse which they used as ...
Adinkra's user avatar
  • 9,833
7 votes
0 answers
70 views

Zeno's influence on the conception of the Hydra?

I am referring to Zeno of Elia (c.490 –c.430 BCE) and his famous Dichotomy Paradox. This paradox has to do with infinite divisions based on 1/2. It seems to be that the conception of the Hydra as ...
DukeZhou's user avatar
  • 14.1k
7 votes
0 answers
243 views

How did Hypnos became associated with the Muses?

Pausanias, in his Description of Greece mentions that Hypnos (the personification of sleep) was particularly friendly with the Muses: [Paus. 2.31.3] Not far from the Muses' Hall is an old altar, ...
yannis's user avatar
  • 17k
6 votes
0 answers
133 views

Medea in the Dunciad

The mortal Medea, as described in Wikipedia, does not appear to characterize the lines in Alexander Pope's Dunciad: As one by one, at dread Medea's strain, The sick'ning stars fade off th' ethereal ...
Laurie Stearn's user avatar
6 votes
0 answers
300 views

Did the Greeks have an offering of blood, wine and milk, similar to the Cretan one?

So I found this big old book about ancient cultures and in it, the typical offering on Crete was blood, wine and milk. Mixed together in a big bowl. The book describes the mix as a symbol for the ...
Nuloen The Seeker's user avatar
5 votes
0 answers
774 views

What is the source of the idea that Medusa was a priestess of Athena?

Medusa is a monster in Greek mythology known for being associated in some way with the gods Poseidon and Athena. By Poseidon she conceived a pair of twin sons, namely the winged horse Pegasus and some ...
Adinkra's user avatar
  • 9,833
5 votes
0 answers
57 views

Did Themis preside over "the proper relation between man and woman" and the concept of the family?

I recently saw the following quote in the Wikipedia article on Themis: Themis presided over the proper relation between man and woman[citation needed], the basis of the rightly ordered family (the ...
Astrid_Redfern's user avatar
5 votes
0 answers
59 views

Claims that the Pleiades had some kind of leader

The page https://www.theoi.com/Nymphe/NymphaiPleiades.html states: "The Pleiades were seven mountain-nymph daughters of the Titan Atlas. Their leader was Maia the mother of Hermes by Zeus." I can't ...
Astrid_Redfern's user avatar
5 votes
1 answer
259 views

What do we know about the winged male figures representing the souls of warriors in the weighing of souls?

The pictured black-figured lekythos features Hermes (in his role as a psychopomp), weighing the souls of Achilles and a Trojan warrior (Memnon or Hector): What I find particularly interesting in the ...
yannis's user avatar
  • 17k
5 votes
2 answers
965 views

Parallels between Hecate and the Devil?

Hecate was associated with crossroads, just as the devil was. Do the similarities end there? Could Hecate qualify as a devil figure?
bleh's user avatar
  • 6,719
4 votes
1 answer
314 views

Is there a folklore belief that the spirit of a wolf comes back to avenge its death?

Isidoros Zourgos in his novel "Στην σκιά της πεταλούδας" mentions that if you kill a wolf, the animal's spirit will come back and kill you after forty days. The origin of the belief is assumed to be ...
yannis's user avatar
  • 17k
4 votes
0 answers
2k views

What kinds of love do individual Greek gods represent?

The Greeks had four concepts for love: éros (ἔρος), storgē (στοργή), philía (φιλία) and agápe (ἀγάπη). Eros being passionate love or romantic love. Storge means love between good friends and family. ...
Andrew Johnson's user avatar
4 votes
0 answers
122 views

How many lost continents are in Mythology?

A majority of people will know of Atlantis. It is a Greek, fictional island, misregarded as oral history. Atlantis is mentioned in Plato's works Timaeus and Critias and is placed in the Atlantic Ocean....
Andrew Johnson's user avatar
4 votes
1 answer
94 views

Identifying Greco-Roman Mythology reference in Krazy Kat Kartoon

Some months ago I answered a question over on the Literature SE. The question was about a Krazy Kat strip from 1936. In the cartoon, Offisa Pupp takes a nap; he dreams that he meets Krazy and then ...
Spagirl's user avatar
  • 149
4 votes
2 answers
512 views

Is there an ancient basis for the Cretan bull-headed sea serpent god in Mika Waltari's The Egyptian?

Mika Waltari's excellent historical novel The Egyptian, set in Ancient Egypt during the reign of Pharaoh Akhenaten1, features a bull-headed sea serpent Cretan god. Here's a quick summary of the time ...
yannis's user avatar
  • 17k
3 votes
0 answers
81 views

Why does Hesiod emphasize the fact that Hecate is the only child of her parents?

In Hesiod's Theogony, he dedicates a part to talking about Hecate's birth and the powers she possesses: And she conceived and bare Hecate whom Zeus the son of Cronos honoured above all. He gave her ...
rcardosodoprado's user avatar
3 votes
0 answers
88 views

How long did it take Daedalus to build the Labyrinth

There may be no answer to this, as Greek mythology is full of inconsistent timelines, but is there any known indication of how long it took Daedalus to build the labyrinth? Presuming Minos orders ...
40EridaniB's user avatar
3 votes
0 answers
155 views

Is there any "official" same-sex marriage in the Greek mythology?

While the relationships in the Greek mythology are fluid, there is some notion of the marriage between Greek gods. My question is - is there any official same-sex marriage in the Greek mythology or ...
TomR's user avatar
  • 139
3 votes
0 answers
219 views

Is there any case in Greek mythology where humans swear on the river Styx?

Mostly in Greek mythology, humans swear on Olympian gods such as Zeus while gods swear on the river Styx(Iliad 14.271). Then, is there any case where humans swear on the river Styx instead of Olympian ...
Di Di's user avatar
  • 31
3 votes
0 answers
60 views

Prostration before bricks

The Talmud in Sanhedrin 107b and Sotah 47a brings a story about a sage named Yehoshua ben Perachiah and one of his students, called Jesus (whether this Jesus is the famous one of Christianity is ...
Harel13's user avatar
  • 942
3 votes
0 answers
91 views

Why were metamorphoses so popular with ancient writers?

A brief search revealed five books by Greek and Roman writers on the subject of metamorphosis myths: "Metamorphoses" by Ovid "Metamorphoseon Synagoge" by Antoninus Liberalis "Metamorphoses (aka The ...
Narcissus's user avatar
  • 151
3 votes
0 answers
73 views

In what version of Greek Mythology are humankind described the most positively?

I'm comparing the interpretations of Apollodorus, Ovid, and Hesiod to see what version of humankind is "liked" the most by the gods, which one is it?
Connor's user avatar
  • 31
3 votes
0 answers
459 views

Who were the Guardians of Olympus?

I am aware of Hercules and his two sons, as well as of the Horae who guard the doors of Olympus, but were there any other deities instructed with guarding the home of the gods?
Crazzy's user avatar
  • 31
3 votes
0 answers
150 views

How can gods hide themselves from other god's gaze?

I know of Hades with his Helm of Darkness. I know that Athena gave a Helm of Darkness to the hero Perseus and later used it (or another) herself in the Iliad to hid from Ares. Another point in the ...
Andrew Johnson's user avatar
3 votes
0 answers
243 views

Is the "half-goddess" Hel distinct among mythical rulers of the underworld?

By this I mean, there is a definite parallel between Hel and other underworld goddesses, Kore/Persephone in particular, although the concept may be extended to Inanna/Geshtinanna, who Gaiman regards ...
DukeZhou's user avatar
  • 14.1k
3 votes
1 answer
107 views

Why did the Trojans accept Paris back?

I just learned that Paris was exposed as a baby (left outside to die). How did he survive? If he was exposed, why did the Trojans accept him back as their prince?
Andrew Johnson's user avatar
2 votes
0 answers
61 views

What source says the Pythia warned Aegeus he would die of grief?

Robert Graves phrases her oracle to Aegeus as follows: The Oracle warned him not to untie the of mouth his bulging wine-skin until he reached the highest point of Athens, lest he one day die of grief ...
Ben Warner's user avatar
2 votes
0 answers
262 views

Why does Achilles sacrifice 12 Trojan men on Patroclus' funeral pyre? Will this benefit Patroclus in the afterlife? (Illiad Book 23)

In the Iliad, Achilles gives his friend Patroclus an elaborate funeral, involving the sacrifice of various animals, including 2 of Patroclus own dogs (presumably so they can be with him in the ...
Timothy's user avatar
  • 648
2 votes
0 answers
52 views

How central are arts (τέχναι) to the Greeks' conception of godhead?

In the opening paragraph of The Birth of Tragedy (orig./trans.), Nietzsche names Apollo and Dionysus as “both” of the Greeks’ “art-deities” (ihre beiden Kunstgottheiten)—as if they were the only two. ...
Brian Donovan's user avatar
2 votes
0 answers
65 views

Are there stories that reference Chaos?

Are there any other instances, besides the initial moment of the beginning, where Chaos is referenced in ancient Greek mythology?
ABIM's user avatar
  • 121
2 votes
0 answers
47 views

Why does Eumaeus singles out the nymphs and Hermes in his offerings?

In Odyssey 14 Eumaeus the swineherd is the first person that meets Odysseus upon his return to Ithaca. Although he doesn't recognize his master, he offers him shelter and treats him to a feast: Then ...
yannis's user avatar
  • 17k
2 votes
0 answers
1k views

Who kept the Cumaean Sybil in a jar (ampulla)?

I have previously asked a question about the Virgin of Cumae, or the Cumaean Sybil, so the info will, for the most part, just be a memorize and type deal. The Virgin of Cumae was a priestess with the ...
Andrew Johnson's user avatar
2 votes
0 answers
46 views

Do the gods know when they are being watched, or their name said?

Prayers are sent to gods, so thus, the Greeks believed that their prayers were heard to some extent. But does that extent hold true for casual conversation or when curses were said in their name? ...
Andrew Johnson's user avatar
1 vote
0 answers
55 views

What is in the hand of Castor? Can that be a mirror?

My question is about the twin brothers - the mortal Castor and the immortal Pollux. Regarding this statue, which is a Roman copy of a 4th-5th century BC Greek version: In the descriptions I found it ...
Crouching Kitten's user avatar
1 vote
0 answers
59 views

Aegeus, king of Naxos?

... does anyone out there have any idea or original source for this 'Aegeus' myth quoted in the link below? https://greekgodsandgoddesses.net/heroes/aegeus/ The Origins of Aegeus Titan of the sea, ...
David Carne's user avatar
1 vote
0 answers
61 views

The Boy and the Rattlesnake: What's the origin of this Cherokee fable?

There's a commonly told "Cherokee" fable about a boy and a rattlesnake. What's the origin of this fable? Where do we see it first see it in print and does it indeed go back to Cherokee ...
cmw's user avatar
  • 7,264
1 vote
0 answers
57 views

Who is the woman portrayed atop a pillar at UCT's Upper Campus?

On top of a pillar that was about two or three storeys tall, I once saw this sculpture of a woman looking out toward the woods of Devil's Peak on Table Mountain in the City of Cape Town. This being ...
Adinkra's user avatar
  • 9,833
1 vote
0 answers
1k views

Is there a deliberate symbolic relationship between the Rockefeller Plaza Atlas statue and St Patrick's Cathedral?

The International Building, part of the Rockefeller Center, stands in Midtown Manhattan. In the building's courtyard, at Number 630 on Fifth Avenue, its entrance is guarded by the dark and imposing 45-...
Adinkra's user avatar
  • 9,833
1 vote
0 answers
173 views

what was the reason for rape in greek myths and culture

Is the reason gods assaulted women because of Eros? Did gods and mortals alike blame Eros for their act of "passion"?
abir's user avatar
  • 11
1 vote
0 answers
58 views

Was the Greek worship of heroes similar to their worship of the gods?

I just want to know the similarites and differences between god and hero worship in ancient Greece. Was there actually a difference, or were past heroes treated like gods?
mcconachiel's user avatar
1 vote
0 answers
54 views

Why was Gaia in deep slumber during creation?

In all of Greek mythology, Gaia played an important role: giving birth to the titans and giants, etc. But most of the time she is in a deep slumber in the creation of mythology? Why?
DUDU's user avatar
  • 11
1 vote
0 answers
58 views

Cross-dressing Grecian/Hellenistic priests

Background: I'm reading a book in Hebrew called "The Ten Tribes" by Alter Walner, a collection of essays on a number of topics that relate both to the Ten Lost Tribes of Israel and to other ...
Harel13's user avatar
  • 942
1 vote
0 answers
44 views

Which Greek myth tells the story of a woman/man who falsely admits to killing his/her lover?

Someone told me about a Greek myth about a woman/man who falsely admits to killing his/her lover? Is there such a myth? If so, what is it?
Kelly A.'s user avatar
1 vote
0 answers
144 views

Planctae vs. Symplegades

In the Argonautica, both the Planctea and the Symplegades are mentioned. One on the way in search of the Golden Fleece and the other on the way back. The Planctea was also known as, "the Wondering ...
Andrew Johnson's user avatar
1 vote
0 answers
97 views

What were author's explanation for Oedipus solving the more ancient of the riddles?

The riddle we all know is- What creature walks on 4 legs in the morning, 2 in the afternoon and 3 in the evening? The answer is a human in relation to the stages of life. The second, and possibly ...
Andrew Johnson's user avatar
1 vote
0 answers
127 views

Why are some daemons not labeled as gods?

The original meaning (and spelling) of daemon was inferior god (lesser deity). Kind of like titan meaning Stretchers or Strainers. Daemones are also called personified spirits. Examples: Agathodaemon ...
Andrew Johnson's user avatar
0 votes
0 answers
24 views

How do readers of Homer's Odyssey tend to react to Odysseus' raid on the Cicones at Ismaros?

Near the beginning of Book 9, the first incident in Odysseus' account to his Phaeacean hosts of his journey home after the Trojan War.
Timothy's user avatar
  • 648
0 votes
0 answers
24 views

When did the number of the Erinyes in Greek mythology turn into just 3?

I listened to this audio lesson and other online sources, https://study.com/academy/lesson/the-furies-in-greek-mythology-symbols-names-story.html, and they mentioned older myths had an undetermined ...
Orionixe's user avatar
  • 399
0 votes
0 answers
76 views

Why is syncretism mostly described through an "interpretatio graeca", rather than any other polytheism?

It is well known that ancient Greeks such as Herodotus thought other culture's gods (e.g. Egyptian) are actually same deities as theirs, just having different names. For example, Plutarch said Not ...
Vito's user avatar
  • 1
0 votes
0 answers
59 views

Is the Greek myth about the early-flowering crocus, hyacinths and daffodils an authentic version of native Indo-European beliefs?

Is the Greek mythology about the early-flowering crocus, hyacinths and daffodils unchanged and authentically / natively Indo-European ? Like all early bloomers, daffodils are a symbol of rebirth, the ...
ralf htp's user avatar
  • 211