Questions tagged [greek]

For questions about Greek mythology and legends from ancient Greece to the present day.

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1answer
74 views

Was Plutus the son of Pluto and Proserpina?

There are so many different answers to the, "Who were Hades/Pluto and Persephone/Prosperina children?" question that I'm not sure if they even had children together at all anymore. One person on a ...
2
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1answer
11 views

Hades and Pluto (Apollodorus)

I'm extremely new to all of this so apologies if this is trivial. However, I'm currently reading The Library of Greek Mythology by Apollodorus and he makes references to Pluto in the beginning of the ...
4
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1answer
63 views

Is there an ancient basis for the Cretan bull-headed sea serpent god in Mika Waltari's The Egyptian?

Mika Waltari's excellent historical novel The Egyptian, set in Ancient Egypt during the reign of Pharaoh Akhenaten1, features a bull-headed sea serpent Cretan god. Here's a quick summary of the time ...
6
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3answers
932 views

Which one was older, Artemis or Apollo?

On the island of Delos, Leto had twins, Apollo and Artemis. But usually, twins have a time in between before they are born. Not sure if this is the same in mythology. So which was older?
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2answers
421 views

What was Apollo's reason for siding with the Trojans?

It doesn't make sense to me. After the rebellion by Poseidon, Hera, Athena and Apollo, Poseidon and Apollo were sent to Troy as mortals to build a wall. When they finished, Troy's king refused to ...
4
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4answers
294 views

Who is the goddess Kalligeneia?

While exploring Demeter's title Thesmophoros (θεσμός, thesmos: divine order, unwritten law; φόρος, phoros: bringer, bearer) by clicking on the Wikipedia link, I found nothing relating to it. The link, ...
15
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3answers
5k views

In the Odyssey, why didn't Penelope simply turn away her suitors?

If I remember the story correctly, Penelope spends over a decade telling her suitors that she will choose one of them as a husband some day, but continues inventing elaborate reasons why she cannot ...
2
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3answers
79 views

Did the Romans and Greeks worship the sun as their sun god?

Did the Romans and Greeks worship the sun as their sun god, or was their sun god distinct from the astronomical sun? Can the same be said about the moon and the planets Mercury, Venus, Mars, Jupiter, ...
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1answer
46 views

The story of Narcissus

it's been over twenty years when I was reading about the story of Narcissus. I don't have any of my notes or references saved, but I distinctly remembered I read one or two stories mentioning ...
3
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1answer
53 views

How crazy are the Maenads from Greek Mythology?

I have read about the Maenads, how they were insane followers of the god Dionysus, that their names literally meant "the raving ones" and that they were frequently in a state of ecstatic intoxication. ...
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1answer
75 views

Are there any pre-Philostratus accounts of Apollonius of Tyana?

I am interested in the life of Apollonius of Tyana, but the account by Philostratus seems a little late. Are there any other accounts of Apollonius outside Philostratus, either before him, or ...
3
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1answer
52 views

Is there a folklore belief that the spirit of a wolf comes back to avenge its death?

Isidoros Zourgos in his novel "Στην σκιά της πεταλούδας" mentions that if you kill a wolf, the animal's spirit will come back and kill you after forty days. The origin of the belief is assumed to be ...
4
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2answers
177 views

In the Ιliad why is there no continuation of the duel between Paris and Menelaus?

In the Iliad why is there no continuation of the duel between Paris and Menelaus? I guess I will never understand the mentality of the Iliad but the whole war is started by a Paris vs Menelaus ...
5
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2answers
590 views

Poseidon has two wives when/why/how?

Poseidon's wife is Amphitrite. Some say she is a Nereid, others say an Oceanid. When Poseidon first pursued her for marriage, she fled. Later the dolphin god, Delphin, persuaded her to marry the sea ...
9
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1answer
11k views

How many sons did Zeus father through mortal women? [closed]

Heracles and Perseus were two well-known sons of Zeus fathered by mortal women. How many other male offspring did Zeus father by human women? How many of these (sons of mortal mothers) ...
2
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1answer
33 views

Fagle's Translation Question in the First Book of the Iliad

I am reading Fagle's translation of the Iliad and am trying to find the Greek words used for "Yielding is far better" which appears on line 320 of Fagle's translation. When I consult the Greek ...
9
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1answer
3k views

What did Achilles look like?

(So there is this controversy about a black guy playing Achilles in some new show. Which made me wonder...) What did Achilles look like? Can we say how Achilles really looked? (From what I remember ...
6
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2answers
306 views

How did Cronos lose if he was god of time?

I have read in many articles where it is mentioned that Zeus overthrew the Titan Cronos who could control time. How is it possible? Cronos could just turn back time and correct wherever he went wrong....
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2answers
75 views

What succession myths exist other than the Greek one?

Where the gods are killed/overthrown. Ragnarok sort of applies, though there's no replacement of the previous gods.
2
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1answer
76 views

Issues with the temporality of Heracles

When I was in Greece recently, almost everyone I met (writers, politicians, common people) believe that Heracles was a real person. One of Hippocrates' forefathers was Heracles (from his mother's ...
3
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2answers
521 views

Why was the Worship of Zeus and his kin banned?

I read somewhere that before Christianity, the Greeks worshiped the seven Greek Gods and eventually it was outlawed or forbidden. My question is, Why was the Worship of Zeus and his kin banned? I'm ...
4
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1answer
79 views

Finding translations of Greek scholia

I've been very impressed by the online archive of classical texts at theoi.com, and have been using it to verify dubious-sounding claims from e.g. Robert Graves against the text of the myths ...
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1answer
572 views

What cursed items are there in Greek mythology?

I know of the Necklace of Harmonica. The necklace was made by Hephaestus, given to the goddess Harmonia as a wedding gift: Harmonia and her husband were eventually turned into serpents, and the ...
4
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1answer
126 views

Drinking water from the River Lethe

They were all required to drink a measure of the water, and those who were not saved by their good sense, drank more than the measure, and each one as he drank forgot all things. Found here in ...
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3answers
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Why are Kore and Persephone interchangeable in the myth regarding Hades wife?

In Greek mythology, Kore and Persephone were interchangeable as Hades' wife. Which is it? Kore or Persephone?
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1answer
97 views

Artemis and the Pleiades

In Smith's "Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology.", the entry for the Pleiades states: According to another story, the Pleiades were virgin companions of Artemis, and, together ...
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0answers
31 views

How many children did Chaos had? [duplicate]

How many children did Chaos in the Greek mythology had and what their stories? Books, references, anything to learn more greek mythology please from the beginning...
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1answer
39 views

What did Jason mean in Euripides Medea by saying what use do you have of children?

I'm writing an essay on the hubris of Jason in Euripides Medea and while reading it, I still don't understand what he means by this line. So Jason is explaining to Medea that he left her because he ...
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2answers
2k views

Was the rule of Zeus ever challenged?

Zeus became king of the gods and absolute ruler of the cosmos when he overthrew his father Cronus in the Titanomachy. I wonder if his reign was ever challenged after that?
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What happened to Metis after the birth of Athena?

Zeus swallowed Metis to prevent the prophecy of her future son overthrowing him from being fulfilled, but she was already pregnant, and later her daughter Athena sprang from Zeus' head. What happened ...
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1answer
68 views

Is there a referenced kill-count for Hector of Troy?

According to many sources Hector was the greatest warrior of Troy. In the Iliad, Hector did not approve of war between the Greeks and the Trojans, and for ten years, the Achaeans besieged Troy and ...
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1answer
79 views

What happened to Pontus?

Pontus was an ancient, pre-Olympian sea-god and one of the Greek primordial deities. Pontus was Gaia's son and has no father and according to Hesiod(1), he was born without coupling, though according ...
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43 views

Advise regarding book on Greek Mythology [duplicate]

I really want to read about Greek mythology, but I don't seem to decide which book to read. Can someone suggest me good book to start with?
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1answer
76 views

Which Greek heroes used pankration?

In Greek mythology, it was said that the heroes Heracles and Theseus invented pankration as a result of using both wrestling and boxing in their confrontations with opponents. Theseus was said to have ...
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2answers
121 views

What are the limits to Thanatos's powers?

So I've been reading up on some old Greek stories lately, and I came across the story of Thanatos. If I'm correct, he is supposed to carry the souls of the dead to the Underworld as they died. But ...
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1answer
3k views

Is Chronos Kronos?

Well, I saw a youtube comment on the latest Crash Course Mythology video- Chronus has nothing to do with time. That's Kronos, a primordial deity separate from the titans and infinitely more ...
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2answers
108 views

(credible) Online Sources on Epiales, the Greek Spirit of Nightmares

I'm doing research for one of the stories I'm working on and found the Greek deity Epiales, the god/spirit of nightmares. I'm trying to implement him into a story as an antagonist to where he seeks to ...
4
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2answers
172 views

Who was Thalia's mother?

I do not mean Thalia the muse/grace/nereid. I speak of Thalia the nymph, daughter of Hephaestus. She has a stub Wikipedia page that says Zeus forced he in the form of an eagle and buried her body to ...
4
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1answer
101 views

Death of Achilles

The Iliad ends with the burial of Hector. There is nothing about the death of Achilles, only predicted by Hector. In Greek Mythology did he really die? Or was it added in Roman Mythology together with ...
7
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1answer
166 views

Why is Asclepius said to have been a god when he was killed?

Asclepius was a son of Apollo and the mortal princess Coronis. Chiron, the centaur, nurtured his talent for the art of medicine, eventually surpassing himself and his father. One day, the demigod ...
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2answers
209 views

What sources describe the rivers of the Underworld?

Many stories about the Greco-Roman Underworld mention the rivers flowing through it: the Styx, the Acheron, the Lethe, the Pyriphlegethon, the Cocytus, the Eridanus, and sometimes others. Sources ...
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2k views

Is it Lucifer or Venus?

Which deity, according to Greek and Roman mythology, is represented by the planet that we call Venus? Is it the goddess Venus (Aphrodite in Greek) or is someone named Lucifer?
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100 views

What were Ares's powers?

Poseidon, God of the Sea - water powers Zeus, God of lightning - lightning powers Hades - God of the Underworld - devilish powers But what about Ares? Is he good at fighting? Can he summon swords ...
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226 views

“Decipher me or I devour you” has been cited in Brazil for decades as a challenge of the Sphinx. Is it actually made up?

"Decifra-me ou te devoro"/"Decipher me or I'll devour you" Just recently I remembered hearing this phrase when I was kid.. I'm brasilian and I was thinking how bad*ss it is and all and so I decided ...
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2answers
137 views

Can the River Styx Goddess curse herself?

Here's a simple question from me today... So recently I came across a few answers on this site about the River Styx Goddess, and how you can make promises upon her. If you don't fulfill the promise, ...
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4answers
14k views

What is the symbolism behind Psyche's tasks?

The taskmaster in the story of Cupid and Psyche was Cupid's mother, the love goddess Venus or Aphrodite. Venus had never liked Psyche, so the opportunity of putting her to a series of tests gave Venus ...
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1answer
46 views

What source makes the claim that Melanippe is a sister of Hippolyta, Penthesilea, and Antiope, and not just another name for Antiope?

Melanippe. Among others, the Wikipedia page references a Melanippe that is an Amazon, a sister of Hippolyta, Penthesilea and Antiope, and a daughter of Ares. However, I've only been able to find one ...
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1answer
84 views

School in the Sky?

I'm looking for references to schools in the sky. Was there a school that the Greek gods attended? A university frequented by the Norse pantheon? An academy in Tian? I'd love any pointers you've ...
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2answers
121 views

Who is “the mother of all gods and men” of Homeric Hymn 14?

This is Homeric Hymn 14, To the Mother of the Gods: I prithee, clear-voiced Muse, daughter of mighty Zeus, sing of the mother of all gods and men. She is well-pleased with the sound of rattles and ...
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2answers
2k views

Are there any other Greek gods/goddesses that actually remained loyal to their counterpart?

Cheating on one's significant other is common in Greek Myth. I have only found four gods that remain faithful: Hera, Amphitrite, Eros and Psyche (while gods that didn't marry can't exactly cheat). ...

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