Questions tagged [greek]

For questions about Greek mythology and legends from ancient Greece to the present day.

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1answer
48 views

Issues with the temporality of Heracles

When I was in Greece recently, almost everyone I met (writers, politicians, common people) believe that Heracles was a real person. One of Hippocrates' forefathers was Heracles (from his mother's ...
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1answer
35 views

What succession myths exist other than the Greek one?

Where the gods are killed/overthrown. Ragnarok sort of applies, though there's no replacement of the previous gods.
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1answer
80 views

Artemis and the Pleiades

In Smith's "Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology.", the entry for the Pleiades states: According to another story, the Pleiades were virgin companions of Artemis, and, together ...
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1answer
66 views

Finding translations of Greek scholia

I've been very impressed by the online archive of classical texts at theoi.com, and have been using it to verify dubious-sounding claims from e.g. Robert Graves against the text of the myths ...
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31 views

How many children did Chaos had? [duplicate]

How many children did Chaos in the Greek mythology had and what their stories? Books, references, anything to learn more greek mythology please from the beginning...
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1answer
31 views

What did Jason mean in Euripides Medea by saying what use do you have of children?

I'm writing an essay on the hubris of Jason in Euripides Medea and while reading it, I still don't understand what he means by this line. So Jason is explaining to Medea that he left her because he ...
5
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1answer
51 views

Is there a referenced kill-count for Hector of Troy?

According to many sources Hector was the greatest warrior of Troy. In the Iliad, Hector did not approve of war between the Greeks and the Trojans, and for ten years, the Achaeans besieged Troy and ...
4
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1answer
48 views

What happened to Pontus?

Pontus was an ancient, pre-Olympian sea-god and one of the Greek primordial deities. Pontus was Gaia's son and has no father and according to Hesiod(1), he was born without coupling, though according ...
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42 views

Advise regarding book on Greek Mythology [duplicate]

I really want to read about Greek mythology, but I don't seem to decide which book to read. Can someone suggest me good book to start with?
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72 views

Which Greek heroes used pankration?

In Greek mythology, it was said that the heroes Heracles and Theseus invented pankration as a result of using both wrestling and boxing in their confrontations with opponents. Theseus was said to have ...
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1answer
94 views

Death of Achilles

The Iliad ends with the burial of Hector. There is nothing about the death of Achilles, only predicted by Hector. In Greek Mythology did he really die? Or was it added in Roman Mythology together with ...
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2answers
96 views

(credible) Online Sources on Epiales, the Greek Spirit of Nightmares

I'm doing research for one of the stories I'm working on and found the Greek deity Epiales, the god/spirit of nightmares. I'm trying to implement him into a story as an antagonist to where he seeks to ...
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36 views

What source makes the claim that Melanippe is a sister of Hippolyta, Penthesilea, and Antiope, and not just another name for Antiope?

Melanippe. Among others, the Wikipedia page references a Melanippe that is an Amazon, a sister of Hippolyta, Penthesilea and Antiope, and a daughter of Ares. However, I've only been able to find one ...
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159 views

“Decipher me or I devour you” has been cited in Brazil for decades as a challenge of the Sphinx. Is it actually made up?

"Decifra-me ou te devoro"/"Decipher me or I'll devour you" Just recently I remembered hearing this phrase when I was kid.. I'm brasilian and I was thinking how bad*ss it is and all and so I decided ...
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52 views

What is Ares' relationship to Themis?

In Homeric Hymn 8, to Ares, we learn that the god of war is allied to Themis, the personification of justice and fairness: Ares, exceeding in strength, chariot-rider, golden-helmed, doughty in ...
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109 views

Who is “the mother of all gods and men” of Homeric Hymn 14?

This is Homeric Hymn 14, To the Mother of the Gods: I prithee, clear-voiced Muse, daughter of mighty Zeus, sing of the mother of all gods and men. She is well-pleased with the sound of rattles and ...
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57 views

Is there an ancient basis for the Cretan bull-headed sea serpent god in Mika Waltari's The Egyptian?

Mika Waltari's excellent historical novel The Egyptian, set in Ancient Egypt during the reign of Pharaoh Akhenaten1, features a bull-headed sea serpent Cretan god. Here's a quick summary of the time ...
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2answers
81 views

What were Ares's powers?

Poseidon, God of the Sea - water powers Zeus, God of lightning - lightning powers Hades - God of the Underworld - devilish powers But what about Ares? Is he good at fighting? Can he summon swords ...
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1answer
80 views

Trying to recall Greek myth about holding a god's feet as he morphs harmlessly

I'm trying to recall a Greek myth in which a human is told to appeal to a Greek god by holding onto his or her feet. The human is warned that the god will morph into many shapes, but the human is told ...
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98 views

What are the limits to Thanatos's powers?

So I've been reading up on some old Greek stories lately, and I came across the story of Thanatos. If I'm correct, he is supposed to carry the souls of the dead to the Underworld as they died. But ...
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121 views

Can the River Styx Goddess curse herself?

Here's a simple question from me today... So recently I came across a few answers on this site about the River Styx Goddess, and how you can make promises upon her. If you don't fulfill the promise, ...
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99 views

What is the connection between Poseidon and horses?

Since Poseidon is well known as the god of the God of the sea, storms, earthquakes and horses? What is the connection between Poseidon and horses? As a god of the sea the storms and earthquakes part ...
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41 views

Is there a folklore belief that the spirit of a wolf comes back to avenge its death?

Isidoros Zourgos in his novel "Στην σκιά της πεταλούδας" mentions that if you kill a wolf, the animal's spirit will come back and kill you after forty days. The origin of the belief is assumed to be ...
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How much of real Greek Mythology does the writer Rick Riordan use?

So I've noticed that there is this on going book series done by Rick Riordan. Well, he actually has many. Percy Jackson, Apollo, and the Lost Hero. And it got me thinking a bit. How much of mentioned ...
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114 views

What's the connection between the Greek and Egyptian gods?

I heard from a story once that when Cronus attacked the gods, most of them were so scared of him that they fled to Egypt and adopted animal characteristics (except for Zeus and Hermes). That's why you ...
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4answers
177 views

What happens when gods become forgotten?

I heard from somewhere that gods maintain their power from the people worshiping them. The more people pray, the stronger they get. I also heard that If their home/environment is destroyed (eg. ...
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122 views

In the Ιliad why is there no continuation of the duel between Paris and Menelaus?

In the Iliad why is there no continuation of the duel between Paris and Menelaus? I guess I will never understand the mentality of the Iliad but the whole war is started by a Paris vs Menelaus ...
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58 views

fate in mythology

How did the ancient Greeks deal with the concept of fate that is the characters have "free will" they are intelligent and their choices are not predetermined but certain events are predetermined. (...
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133 views

Why did Kronos swallow his children up, instead of killing them?

As the myth goes, Kronos swallowed this children as they were presented to him, so he could prevent the prophecy. But why couldn't he kill them?
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Why does Achilles continue fighting?

Why does Achilles continue fighting after killing Hector? He only returned to avenge Patroclus and he did that. Didn't he end up feeling empathy for Priam and the Trojans?
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350 views

Why does Clytemnestra kill Cassandra?

In Greek mythology King Agamemnon of Mycenae, leader of the Greeks in the Trojan War, returns home victorious after the War, having captured the Trojan princess Cassandra to be his slave. However, ...
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91 views

Why are Gods in the Greek pantheon portrayed as performing unsavory & amoral acts?

I was perusing the series 'Crash-course: Mythology' by John Green (Great Show) about pantheons. When it arrived on the Hellenic Pantheon, Its a web of confusing genealogy rivaled only by the Egyptian ...
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59 views

Why mythical god-like figures share common attributes like wings or lion body parts in different mythologies/cultures

I know some of this mythological depictions are supposed to represent many things like nature forces, and I know Jung's Archetypes theory about symbols founded on the unconscious mind. However I want ...
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Is there any link between Achilles and Sigurd/Siegfried?

The two heroes are invulnerable, Achilles because he was dipped in the river Styx by his mother Thetis, and Siegfried because he took a bath in the dragon's blood. Both have a weak spot though, ...
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Could all three Gorgons turn people to stone, or just Medusa?

I've come across conflicting information about Medusa's sisters and whether or not they could turn people to stone like Medusa can. A lot of places online say that all three can; but some other ...
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51 views

Are there stories that reference Chaos?

Are there any other instances, besides the initial moment of the beginning, where Chaos is referenced in ancient Greek mythology?
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Did Helen and Stentor have voice-related “super-powers”?

Helen's Many Voices In Odyssey 4.274-289 Menelaus recounts a story from the time that he and other leaders of the Greek forces at Troy were hiding in the famous decoy wooden horse which they used as ...
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72 views

What is the source of the legend of Herakles bathing in the spa waters of Edipsos?

Locals in the spa town of Edipsos in the north of Evia are always quick to point out that the legendary Herakles would visit their town to rejuvenate himself in its spa waters. Here are a few sites ...
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102 views

What is the source of the story of the immaculate conception of Mars?

Kersey Graves discusses the immaculate conception of Mars: In Malcolm's "History of Persia" the author tells us that "Zoroaster was born of an immaculate conception by a ray from the Divine Reason....
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101 views

How did Prometheus deceive Zeus?

In Hesiod's Works and Days, we learn that Zeus hid fire from humankind in anger because Prometheus had deceived him: For the gods keep hidden from men the means of life. Else you would easily do ...
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Why were metamorphoses so popular with ancient writers?

A brief search revealed five books by Greek and Roman writers on the subject of metamorphosis myths: "Metamorphoses" by Ovid "Metamorphoseon Synagoge" by Antoninus Liberalis "Metamorphoses (aka The ...
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Are Greek Myths and Heroes Rooted in actual History and People?

I completed reading a book titled "Old Greek Stories" by James Baldwin. It features some well known Ancient Heroes such as Theseus & Perseus. But the way it was told seemed like several nations ...
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78 views

Do all gods and goddesses live on Mount Οlympus?

Do all Greek gods and goddesses live on Mount Olympus? Including minor ones like Echo, Narcissus, etc.?
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131 views

Who was Zeus' first child conceived with a mortal?

Zeus was well known for his sexual escapades (both willing or unwilling). These resulted in many divine (Gods,Olympians) and heroic offspring (demi-gods) My question is : Who was Zeus' first child ...
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Why was one of the Hecatoncheires known by a different name by men and the gods?

It is said in the Iliad that one of the Hundred Handers was known by two names, one for the gods to call him and one for men to call him. His name by the gods was Briareus but men called him Aegaeon. ...
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162 views

Did Hera know that Perseus was Zeus's son?

We often see Hera punishing Zeus's children or the mothers because of her jealousy. But such is not the case with the hero Perseus or her mother. She isn't even mentioned trying to cause any harm to ...
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106 views

What did the Thebans do to cause the wrath of Dionysus?

Pausanias tells the legend of the Teumessian fox, a fox destined never to be caught sent by Dionysus to destroy Thebes, the god's birthplace according to the Zeus and Semele narrative: 9.19.1 On ...
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Why does Eumaeus singles out the nymphs and Hermes in his offerings?

In Odyssey 14 Eumaeus the swineherd is the first person that meets Odysseus upon his return to Ithaca. Although he doesn't recognize his master, he offers him shelter and treats him to a feast: ...
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145 views

What do we know of Perses, son of Helios and brother to Circe?

Perses was a son of Helios and the Oceanid Perse. He is the least well-known of his siblings, Aeëtes (the king of Colchis), Pasiphaë (the wife of king Minos of Crete) and Circe (the famed sorceress). ...
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68 views

Has Odysseus ever used a bow prior to the archery contest in the Odyssey?

In Odyssey 21 Penelope famously proposes an archery contest to her suitors, a test of masculine skill with herself as the prize. The disguised Odysseus wins the contest and then proceeds to reveal ...