Questions tagged [greek]

For questions about Greek mythology and legends from ancient Greece to the present day.

41 questions with no upvoted or accepted answers
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What does Nausicaa symbolize in the Odyssey?

There was an interesting question in Lit regarding the meaning of her name, and in my research, I came across some interesting speculation on Nausikaa's distinctness. For instance, she is the one ...
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2answers
533 views

Is there any link between Achilles and Sigurd/Siegfried?

The two heroes are invulnerable, Achilles because he was dipped in the river Styx by his mother Thetis, and Siegfried because he took a bath in the dragon's blood. Both have a weak spot though, ...
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64 views

Zeno's influence on the conception of the Hydra?

I am referring to Zeno of Elia (c.490 –c.430 BCE) and his famous Dichotomy Paradox. This paradox has to do with infinite divisions based on 1/2. It seems to be that the conception of the Hydra as ...
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165 views

How did Hypnos became associated with the Muses?

Pausanias, in his Description of Greece mentions that Hypnos (the personification of sleep) was particularly friendly with the Muses: [Paus. 2.31.3] Not far from the Muses' Hall is an old altar, ...
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87 views

Did Helen and Stentor have voice-related “super-powers”?

Helen's Many Voices In Odyssey 4.274-289 Menelaus recounts a story from the time that he and other leaders of the Greek forces at Troy were hiding in the famous decoy wooden horse which they used as ...
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707 views

Why does Perseus carry a sickle instead of a sword?

Perseus armed with a sickle has a well established iconography in Greek mythology: From Theoi.com: But why does Perseus carry this "weapon" instead of a proper sword, like it is shown in later ...
6
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1answer
141 views

Did the Greeks have an offering of blood, wine and milk, similar to the Cretan one?

So I found this big old book about ancient cultures and in it, the typical offering on Crete was blood, wine and milk. Mixed together in a big bowl. The book describes the mix as a symbol for the ...
5
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1answer
70 views

What is the significance of the two cities on the Shield of Achilles?

In Book 18 of the Iliad, Homer describes the Shield of Achilles. The second layer from the shield's centre features scenes from two cities. In the first city a wedding and a tribunal are taking place: ...
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39 views

Examples of non-Homeric invisibility as clouds

Homer uses the trope of clouds of mist rendering a god or person unseen (even to people right next to them, in the daylight) a number of times throughout the Iliad and Odyssey. For example, in the ...
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67 views

Medea in the Dunciad

The mortal Medea, as described in Wikipedia, does not appear to characterize the lines in Alexander Pope's Dunciad: As one by one, at dread Medea's strain, The sick'ning stars fade off th' ethereal ...
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1answer
319 views

Parallels between Hecate and the Devil?

Hecate was associated with crossroads, just as the devil was. Do the similarities end there? Could Hecate qualify as a devil figure?
5
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1answer
169 views

What do we know about the winged male figures representing the souls of warriors in the weighing of souls?

The pictured black-figured lekythos features Hermes (in his role as a psychopomp), weighing the souls of Achilles and a Trojan warrior (Memnon or Hector): What I find particularly interesting in the ...
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47 views

What was the consensus on what the world was like around the time of the Titanomachy?

Most sources seem to suggest there were humans, but no fire. Were humans and titans on the same plane of existence? Did monsters roam the world? Which titans and gods existed at this point? Who was in ...
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41 views

Claims that the Pleiades had some kind of leader

The page https://www.theoi.com/Nymphe/NymphaiPleiades.html states: "The Pleiades were seven mountain-nymph daughters of the Titan Atlas. Their leader was Maia the mother of Hermes by Zeus." I can't ...
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1k views

What kinds of love do individual Greek gods represent?

The Greeks had four concepts for love: éros (ἔρος), storgē (στοργή), philía (φιλία) and agápe (ἀγάπη). Eros being passionate love or romantic love. Storge means love between good friends and family. ...
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106 views

How many lost continents are in Mythology?

A majority of people will know of Atlantis. It is a Greek, fictional island, misregarded as oral history. Atlantis is mentioned in Plato's works Timaeus and Critias and is placed in the Atlantic Ocean....
4
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1answer
74 views

Identifying Greco-Roman Mythology reference in Krazy Kat Kartoon

Some months ago I answered a question over on the Literature SE. The question was about a Krazy Kat strip from 1936. In the cartoon, Offisa Pupp takes a nap; he dreams that he meets Krazy and then ...
4
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2answers
178 views

Is there an ancient basis for the Cretan bull-headed sea serpent god in Mika Waltari's The Egyptian?

Mika Waltari's excellent historical novel The Egyptian, set in Ancient Egypt during the reign of Pharaoh Akhenaten1, features a bull-headed sea serpent Cretan god. Here's a quick summary of the time ...
3
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1answer
89 views

Is there a folklore belief that the spirit of a wolf comes back to avenge its death?

Isidoros Zourgos in his novel "Στην σκιά της πεταλούδας" mentions that if you kill a wolf, the animal's spirit will come back and kill you after forty days. The origin of the belief is assumed to be ...
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61 views

Why were metamorphoses so popular with ancient writers?

A brief search revealed five books by Greek and Roman writers on the subject of metamorphosis myths: "Metamorphoses" by Ovid "Metamorphoseon Synagoge" by Antoninus Liberalis "Metamorphoses (aka The ...
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67 views

In what version of Greek Mythology are humankind described the most positively?

I'm comparing the interpretations of Apollodorus, Ovid, and Hesiod to see what version of humankind is "liked" the most by the gods, which one is it?
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Who were the Guardians of Olympus?

I am aware of Hercules and his two sons, as well as of the Horae who guard the doors of Olympus, but were there any other deities instructed with guarding the home of the gods?
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69 views

How can gods hide themselves from other god's gaze?

I know of Hades with his Helm of Darkness. I know that Athena gave a Helm of Darkness to the hero Perseus and later used it (or another) herself in the Iliad to hid from Ares. Another point in the ...
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190 views

Is the “half-goddess” Hel distinct among mythical rulers of the underworld?

By this I mean, there is a definite parallel between Hel and other underworld goddesses, Kore/Persephone in particular, although the concept may be extended to Inanna/Geshtinanna, who Gaiman regards ...
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1answer
89 views

Why did the Trojans accept Paris back?

I just learned that Paris was exposed as a baby (left outside to die). How did he survive? If he was exposed, why did the Trojans accept him back as their prince?
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56 views

Are there stories that reference Chaos?

Are there any other instances, besides the initial moment of the beginning, where Chaos is referenced in ancient Greek mythology?
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27 views

Why does Eumaeus singles out the nymphs and Hermes in his offerings?

In Odyssey 14 Eumaeus the swineherd is the first person that meets Odysseus upon his return to Ithaca. Although he doesn't recognize his master, he offers him shelter and treats him to a feast: Then ...
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559 views

Who kept the Cumaean Sybil in a jar (ampulla)?

I have previously asked a question about the Virgin of Cumae, or the Cumaean Sybil, so the info will, for the most part, just be a memorize and type deal. The Virgin of Cumae was a priestess with the ...
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39 views

Do the gods know when they are being watched, or their name said?

Prayers are sent to gods, so thus, the Greeks believed that their prayers were heard to some extent. But does that extent hold true for casual conversation or when curses were said in their name? ...
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39 views

Who is Aura's mother?

Lelantos's daughter is the nymph Aura (Breeze). Nonnus says that her mother, or at least his wife, is the Oceanid Periboia. But elsewhere, he calls Aura the "daughter of Cybele" Cybele is a Phrygian ...
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34 views

Are the Orphic theogonies based on Hesiod's Theogony or on Orphism (the religion)?

Hopefully you can give more information than a yes or no answer. Please cite sources if possible. I want to read about the ancient Greek origin story (beginning with Chaos and so forth) from ...
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61 views

what was the reason for rape in greek myths and culture

Is the reason gods assaulted women because of Eros? Did gods and mortals alike blame Eros for their act of "passion"?
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45 views

Was the Greek worship of heroes similar to their worship of the gods?

I just want to know the similarites and differences between god and hero worship in ancient Greece. Was there actually a difference, or were past heroes treated like gods?
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37 views

Why was Gaia in deep slumber during creation?

In all of Greek mythology, Gaia played an important role: giving birth to the titans and giants, etc. But most of the time she is in a deep slumber in the creation of mythology? Why?
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38 views

Cross-dressing Grecian/Hellenistic priests

Background: I'm reading a book in Hebrew called "The Ten Tribes" by Alter Walner, a collection of essays on a number of topics that relate both to the Ten Lost Tribes of Israel and to other ...
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33 views

Which Greek myth tells the story of a woman/man who falsely admits to killing his/her lover?

Someone told me about a Greek myth about a woman/man who falsely admits to killing his/her lover? Is there such a myth? If so, what is it?
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108 views

Planctae vs. Symplegades

In the Argonautica, both the Planctea and the Symplegades are mentioned. One on the way in search of the Golden Fleece and the other on the way back. The Planctea was also known as, "the Wondering ...
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78 views

What were author's explanation for Oedipus solving the more ancient of the riddles?

The riddle we all know is- What creature walks on 4 legs in the morning, 2 in the afternoon and 3 in the evening? The answer is a human in relation to the stages of life. The second, and possibly ...
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111 views

Why are some daemons not labeled as gods?

The original meaning (and spelling) of daemon was inferior god (lesser deity). Kind of like titan meaning Stretchers or Strainers. Daemones are also called personified spirits. Examples: Agathodaemon ...
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20 views

What is, in name, every theogony that has been discovered?

1.I have seen this article: What are the main differences of the Orphic theogonies?, and it gives a number of theogonies. Is the asker in this article correct in naming the theogonies he does, and if ...
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What are the Origins of the Orphic theogonies?

If the Orphic theogonies are original ancient works based solely on ancient greek myths, then I would like to read them. By the way this question is similar to my first ever question: Are the Orphic ...