Questions tagged [greek]

For questions about Greek mythology and legends from ancient Greece to the present day.

32 questions with no upvoted or accepted answers
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8
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1answer
61 views

Are there any pre-Philostratus accounts of Apollonius of Tyana?

I am interested in the life of Apollonius of Tyana, but the account by Philostratus seems a little late. Are there any other accounts of Apollonius outside Philostratus, either before him, or ...
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477 views

What does Nausicaa symbolize in the Odyssey?

There was an interesting question in Lit regarding the meaning of her name, and in my research, I came across some interesting speculation on Nausikaa's distinctness. For instance, she is the one ...
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224 views

How did Princess Argyro lose her breast?

Princess Argyro is the legendary founder of Gjirokastër, in Albanian and Greek folklore. According to Nikolaos Politis1, in Greek tales she is sometimes referred to as "Μονοβύζα", the single-breasted. ...
6
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371 views

Why does Perseus carry a sickle instead of a sword?

Perseus armed with a sickle has a well established iconography in Greek mythology: From Theoi.com: But why does Perseus carry this "weapon" instead of a proper sword, like it is shown in later ...
6
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73 views

Did the Greeks have an offering of blood, wine and milk, similar to the Cretan one?

So I found this big old book about ancient cultures and in it, the typical offering on Crete was blood, wine and milk. Mixed together in a big bowl. The book describes the mix as a symbol for the ...
6
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54 views

Zeno's influence on the conception of the Hydra?

I am referring to Zeno of Elia (c.490 –c.430 BCE) and his famous Dichotomy Paradox. This paradox has to do with infinite divisions based on 1/2. It seems to be that the conception of the Hydra as ...
6
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143 views

How did Hypnos became associated with the Muses?

Pausanias, in his Description of Greece mentions that Hypnos (the personification of sleep) was particularly friendly with the Muses: [Paus. 2.31.3] Not far from the Muses' Hall is an old altar, ...
5
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97 views

Is there any link between Achilles and Sigurd/Siegfried?

The two heroes are invulnerable, Achilles because he was dipped in the river Styx by his mother Thetis, and Siegfried because he took a bath in the dragon's blood. Both have a weak spot though, ...
5
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66 views

Did Helen and Stentor have voice-related “super-powers”?

Helen's Many Voices In Odyssey 4.274-289 Menelaus recounts a story from the time that he and other leaders of the Greek forces at Troy were hiding in the famous decoy wooden horse which they used as ...
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61 views

Medea in the Dunciad

The mortal Medea, as described in Wikipedia, does not appear to characterize the lines in Alexander Pope's Dunciad: As one by one, at dread Medea's strain, The sick'ning stars fade off th' ...
5
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1answer
124 views

What do we know about the winged male figures representing the souls of warriors in the weighing of souls?

The pictured black-figured lekythos features Hermes (in his role as a psychopomp), weighing the souls of Achilles and a Trojan warrior (Memnon or Hector): What I find particularly interesting in the ...
4
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1answer
57 views

Is there an ancient basis for the Cretan bull-headed sea serpent god in Mika Waltari's The Egyptian?

Mika Waltari's excellent historical novel The Egyptian, set in Ancient Egypt during the reign of Pharaoh Akhenaten1, features a bull-headed sea serpent Cretan god. Here's a quick summary of the time ...
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422 views

What kinds of love do individual Greek gods represent?

The Greeks had four concepts for love: éros (ἔρος), storgē (στοργή), philía (φιλία) and agápe (ἀγάπη). Eros being passionate love or romantic love. Storge means love between good friends and family. ...
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169 views

Parallels between Hecate and the Devil?

Hecate was associated with crossroads, just as the devil was. Do the similarities end there? Could Hecate qualify as a devil figure?
3
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1answer
41 views

Is there a folklore belief that the spirit of a wolf comes back to avenge its death?

Isidoros Zourgos in his novel "Στην σκιά της πεταλούδας" mentions that if you kill a wolf, the animal's spirit will come back and kill you after forty days. The origin of the belief is assumed to be ...
3
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49 views

Why were metamorphoses so popular with ancient writers?

A brief search revealed five books by Greek and Roman writers on the subject of metamorphosis myths: "Metamorphoses" by Ovid "Metamorphoseon Synagoge" by Antoninus Liberalis "Metamorphoses (aka The ...
3
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65 views

In what version of Greek Mythology are humankind described the most positively?

I'm comparing the interpretations of Apollodorus, Ovid, and Hesiod to see what version of humankind is "liked" the most by the gods, which one is it?
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94 views

Who were the Guardians of Olympus?

I am aware of Hercules and his two sons, as well as of the Horae who guard the doors of Olympus, but were there any other deities instructed with guarding the home of the gods?
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58 views

What deities did only one city/state recognize?

In research of past questions, I came across Eleos. Eleos is the personified daemon (lesser/inferior god) of piety, mercy, clemency (leniency), and compassion. She was always depicted as a young woman ...
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149 views

Is the “half-goddess” Hel distinct among mythical rulers of the underworld?

By this I mean, there is a definite parallel between Hel and other underworld goddesses, Kore/Persephone in particular, although the concept may be extended to Inanna/Geshtinanna, who Gaiman regards ...
3
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1answer
83 views

Why did the Trojans accept Paris back?

I just learned that Paris was exposed as a baby (left outside to die). How did he survive? If he was exposed, why did the Trojans accept him back as their prince?
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51 views

Are there stories that reference Chaos?

Are there any other instances, besides the initial moment of the beginning, where Chaos is referenced in ancient Greek mythology?
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25 views

Why does Eumaeus singles out the nymphs and Hermes in his offerings?

In Odyssey 14 Eumaeus the swineherd is the first person that meets Odysseus upon his return to Ithaca. Although he doesn't recognize his master, he offers him shelter and treats him to a feast: ...
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51 views

How can gods hide themselves from other god's gaze?

I know of Hades with his Helm of Darkness. I know that Athena gave a Helm of Darkness to the hero Perseus and later used it (or another) herself in the Iliad to hid from Ares. Another point in the ...
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172 views

Who kept the Cumaean Sybil in a jar (ampulla)?

I have previously asked a question about the Virgin of Cumae, or the Cumaean Sybil, so the info will, for the most part, just be a memorize and type deal. The Virgin of Cumae was a priestess with the ...
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79 views

How many lost continents are in Mythology?

A majority of people will know of Atlantis. It is a Greek, fictional island, misregarded as oral history. Atlantis is mentioned in Plato's works Timaeus and Critias and is placed in the Atlantic Ocean....
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32 views

Do the gods know when they are being watched, or their name said?

Prayers are sent to gods, so thus, the Greeks believed that their prayers were heard to some extent. But does that extent hold true for casual conversation or when curses were said in their name? ...
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31 views

Who is Aura's mother?

Lelantos's daughter is the nymph Aura (Breeze). Nonnus says that her mother, or at least his wife, is the Oceanid Periboia. But elsewhere, he calls Aura the "daughter of Cybele" Cybele is a Phrygian ...
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75 views

Planctae vs. Symplegades

In the Argonautica, both the Planctea and the Symplegades are mentioned. One on the way in search of the Golden Fleece and the other on the way back. The Planctea was also known as, "the Wondering ...
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76 views

What were author's explanation for Oedipus solving the more ancient of the riddles?

The riddle we all know is- What creature walks on 4 legs in the morning, 2 in the afternoon and 3 in the evening? The answer is a human in relation to the stages of life. The second, and possibly ...
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92 views

Why are some daemons not labeled as gods?

The original meaning (and spelling) of daemon was inferior god (lesser deity). Kind of like titan meaning Stretchers or Strainers. Daemones are also called personified spirits. Examples: ...
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1answer
35 views

What succession myths exist other than the Greek one?

Where the gods are killed/overthrown. Ragnarok sort of applies, though there's no replacement of the previous gods.