Questions tagged [greek]

For questions about Greek mythology and legends from ancient Greece to the present day.

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Which Greek myth tells the story of a woman/man who falsely admits to killing his/her lover?

Someone told me about a Greek myth about a woman/man who falsely admits to killing his/her lover? Is there such a myth? If so, what is it?
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What does Rome, Conquerors & Titans have in common?

I think something with Heracles, but I am unsure.
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What does Nausicaa symbolize in the Odyssey?

There was an interesting question in Lit regarding the meaning of her name, and in my research, I came across some interesting speculation on Nausikaa's distinctness. For instance, she is the one ...
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What kind of dog breed would Cerberus be?

There are countless depictions of Cerberus with various number of heads or additional parts such as snake heads or tails. Some even say that Cerberus did not refer to a dog or hound at all, but rather ...
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Are there any gods or similar beings other than Nemesis that laid eggs?

Castor and Pollux, Helen and Clytemnestra are considered twins, and may or may not have hatched from eggs laid by Nemesis after being impregnated by her father Zeus as swans https://www.theoi.com/...
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2answers
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Did Zeus have any male lovers?

Many of the Greek gods were bisexual. Did Zeus have any male lovers?
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Is there any reason that Chiron and Charon have such similar names?

In Greek mythology, there is Chiron, a centaur, and Charon, the ferryman of the Underworld. They couldn't be more different, yet they have such similar names. Is there a reason for this? EDIT: As ...
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2answers
171 views

An ancient source for the myth of Venus' creation of red roses?

I asked a question Literature SE a few days ago, trying to make sense of some of the references in an English poem by William Drummond of Hawthornden. One portion of the poem describes Venus/Aphrodite ...
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98 views

Eurydice's body

I've loved Orpheus' and Eurydice's myth for a couple of decades by now, but it never occurred to me to ask: what about her body? Is there any hint that people in the classical period would have ...
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How many lost continents are in Mythology?

A majority of people will know of Atlantis. It is a Greek, fictional island, misregarded as oral history. Atlantis is mentioned in Plato's works Timaeus and Critias and is placed in the Atlantic Ocean....
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Is there a myth about someone who constantly creates their own demise?

Since this is certainly a common theme, I'm wondering if there is a myth about someone who ignorantly walks themselves repeatedly into ill-fate or their own misery. It would be like Sisyphus, but ...
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Is Chronos Kronos?

Well, I saw a youtube comment on the latest Crash Course Mythology video- Chronus has nothing to do with time. That's Kronos, a primordial deity separate from the titans and infinitely more ...
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How could Heracles ensure the victory of the Olympians against the Titans if he was born mortal?

In ancient greek mythology, Heracles is the hero with the most adventures ever. There is, however, a temporal paradox between the different myths about him that bothers me a bit. Heracles was born ...
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How did Princess Argyro lose her breast?

Princess Argyro is the legendary founder of Gjirokastër, in Albanian and Greek folklore. According to Nikolaos Politis1, in Greek tales she is sometimes referred to as "Μονοβύζα", the single-breasted. ...
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Examples of non-Homeric invisibility as clouds

Homer uses the trope of clouds of mist rendering a god or person unseen (even to people right next to them, in the daylight) a number of times throughout the Iliad and Odyssey. For example, in the ...
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Was Artemis a lesbian?

The material I was taught in school spoke of how Artemis never sought the company of man (romantically or sexually). Said material merely described the huntress as 'celibate', but this was sort of a ...
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1answer
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Stories of living people that journeyed into the underworld and back?

This is inspired from: What items are necessary for a mortal to travel safely in the underworld? Which living people made it into the underworld and back? What are their stories, and what ...
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114 views

Why did Pittheus trick Aegeus?

The story of Theseus' birth has already been covered in this forum. My question is about Pittheus' motivation behind getting Aegeus drunk and offering him his daughter Aethra. In Euripedes' Medea, ...
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3answers
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How old were Paris and Achilles at the time of the Trojan War?

Paris of Troy was presumably an adult at the time of the marriage of Peleus and Thetis and the Judgement of Paris. That would mean Paris was at least 15-20 years older than Achilles. Other than that, ...
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447 views

How could Diomedes be married yet still be Helen's suitor?

From Wikipedia article on Diomedes: Diomedes, in turn, married Aegialeus's daughter Aegialia when he returned from battle. He was then appointed as the King of Argos and thus became one of the most ...
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1answer
35 views

Which way blows Zephyrus?

This is more like a technical, geographical question. When we say Zephyrus is the west wind, do we mean coming from the west or going west? Which way would my boat go if Zephyrus blew into the sails?...
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2k views

Why is tragedy a goat song?

Tragedy literally means a goat's song or ode. Is there any indication in mythology of why a goat song would be sad or dramatic? As far as I know, Pan, Faunus, Silvanus... all part goat deities ...
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Who was served his own children cut into pieces?

I'm looking for the name an ancient man who was subject to being served his own children in pieces and eating them unknowingly. He was invited for dinner by the king where this took place. Later, he ...
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280 views

How did Poseidon became lord of Helicon?

In Homeric Hymn 22 (to Poseidon), we learn that Poseidon is lord of mount Helicon: I begin to sing about Poseidon, the great god, mover of the earth and fruitless sea, god of the deep who is also ...
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Why did Snorri Sturlson link the Norse Gods to the Trojans?

In the Prologue to the Prose Edda, he seems to develop a genealogy of the Norse Gods being descendants of the Trojans. Starting with the Trojan king Priam, he develops connections, like for example ...
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91 views

Are there any pre-Philostratus accounts of Apollonius of Tyana?

I am interested in the life of Apollonius of Tyana, but the account by Philostratus seems a little late. Are there any other accounts of Apollonius outside Philostratus, either before him, or ...
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Why was Hephaestus ugly?

In Greek mythology Hephaestus is said to be the only ugly god among Olympians, but why was this the case? I know he was born this way and later thrown of Olympus by Hera, but as a god he should've had ...
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Why is the ferry toll for Charon placed in the dead person's mouth?

In Greek mythology, the deceased pays a ferryman, Charon, to take them across the river Styx. Apparently this reflects a common custom in the funeral rites of antiquity. Sometimes, though not always, ...
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730 views

Did Hera know that Perseus was Zeus's son?

We often see Hera punishing Zeus's children or the mothers because of her jealousy. But such is not the case with the hero Perseus or her mother. She isn't even mentioned trying to cause any harm to ...
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How did Perseus die?

I'd like to know of any myths surrounding Perseus' death (the same Perseus that killed Medusa), but Wikipedia only mentions this line about it: According to Hyginus, Fabulae 244, Megapenthes ...
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Is it Lady Chaos or Lord Chaos

I want to know whether the Greek creator of the universe is a woman or man. I looked at many resources and each said one or the other. Thanks in advance.
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What is the symbolism behind Psyche's tasks?

The taskmaster in the story of Cupid and Psyche was Cupid's mother, the love goddess Venus or Aphrodite. Venus had never liked Psyche, so the opportunity of putting her to a series of tests gave Venus ...
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Was Poseidon ever considered the chief deity instead of Zeus?

My friends study the history of religions and say that, once Zeus was known for being the head of Olympus, while Poseidon was considered the chief deity. One piece of evidence they give for this is ...
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814 views

What did Odysseus and his men do to err Athena?

When Hermes arrives on Ogygia, she asks why he is visiting here: Why have you come to see me, Hermes - honored, and ever welcome - for you do not visit me often?... Retrieved, paragraph 7 Hermes ...
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Claims that the Pleiades had some kind of leader

The page https://www.theoi.com/Nymphe/NymphaiPleiades.html states: "The Pleiades were seven mountain-nymph daughters of the Titan Atlas. Their leader was Maia the mother of Hermes by Zeus." I can't ...
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What is the connection of Egyptian mythology to Atlantis?

As writing an answer to my own question, I came across this, Plutarch, Life of Solon 26. 1 (trans. Perrin) (Greek historian C1st - C2nd A.D.) : "He [Solon] also spent some time in studies with ...
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Who translated the Iliad or the Odyssey to Latin first?

Who was the first person to translate part or all of Homer's works, the Iliad and/or the Odyssey, to Latin? Have these translations survived to current times? My original motivation for the question ...
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640 views

Why is Echidna at Arima?

In Hesiod's Theogony, he writes And there she has a cave deep down under a hollow rock far from the deathless gods and mortal men. There, then, did the gods appoint her a glorious house to dwell in:...
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Greek female name associated with gifts, a tool, a weapon, or a lie - must sound relatively 'normal' for a modern name

I'm writing a story, and the beginning of the story has a woman in it that doesn't actually exist - she's a figment of some mental manipulation upon the protagonist by a magical Greek cult. I've done ...
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Why does Ino help Odysseus?

In Book V of the Odyssey, Ino saves Odysseus from drowning by giving him a magic veil. Why? Ino is a water deity, I'd expect her to be aligned with Poseidon's wishes. What reason does she have to ...
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1answer
139 views

Which Greek heroes used pankration?

In Greek mythology, it was said that the heroes Heracles and Theseus invented pankration as a result of using both wrestling and boxing in their confrontations with opponents. Theseus was said to have ...
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1answer
120 views

After Triptolemus being added to Hades' jury, is Minos the most important judge?

Minos was the judge of the third and final vote, when the jury was composed of just Rhadamanthys, Minos and Aeacus . After the fourth judge was added, the majority in the judgement was not ...
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1answer
297 views

Did Hermes ever somehow helped Prometheus, or not? Is he God of thieves, or what?

Mine question: Did Hermes ever somehow helped Prometheus, or not? Is he God of thieves, or what? Did Hermes helped Prometheus: During his feat Or while Prometheus served a life sentence.
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Why did Hercules murder his first wife?

I am speaking, of course, of the ill-fortuned Megara. (Literal answer is fine, although I'd welcome commentary and analysis. Ideally, links will come from Academic sources where possible.)
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Hades and Pluto (Apollodorus)

I'm extremely new to all of this so apologies if this is trivial. However, I'm currently reading The Library of Greek Mythology by Apollodorus and he makes references to Pluto in the beginning of the ...
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Which one was older, Artemis or Apollo?

On the island of Delos, Leto had twins, Apollo and Artemis. But usually, twins have a time in between before they are born. Not sure if this is the same in mythology. So which was older?
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What was Apollo's reason for siding with the Trojans?

It doesn't make sense to me. After the rebellion by Poseidon, Hera, Athena and Apollo, Poseidon and Apollo were sent to Troy as mortals to build a wall. When they finished, Troy's king refused to ...
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Who is the goddess Kalligeneia?

While exploring Demeter's title Thesmophoros (θεσμός, thesmos: divine order, unwritten law; φόρος, phoros: bringer, bearer) by clicking on the Wikipedia link, I found nothing relating to it. The link, ...
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3answers
366 views

Did the Romans and Greeks worship the sun as their sun god?

Did the Romans and Greeks worship the sun as their sun god, or was their sun god distinct from the astronomical sun? Can the same be said about the moon and the planets Mercury, Venus, Mars, Jupiter, ...
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1answer
122 views

How crazy are the Maenads from Greek Mythology?

I have read about the Maenads, how they were insane followers of the god Dionysus, that their names literally meant "the raving ones" and that they were frequently in a state of ecstatic intoxication. ...

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