Questions tagged [greek]

For questions about Greek mythology and legends from ancient Greece to the present day.

Filter by
Sorted by
Tagged with
3
votes
0answers
161 views

Who were the Guardians of Olympus?

I am aware of Hercules and his two sons, as well as of the Horae who guard the doors of Olympus, but were there any other deities instructed with guarding the home of the gods?
8
votes
2answers
221 views

Are there any instances of defying a prophecy?

In Greek mythology, there are many prophecies. Usually, in spite of someone's effort to prevent it, what is prophesized still happens. As far as I'm aware, the only one to successfully avoid a ...
5
votes
3answers
2k views

Who did Zeus punish by having poison/acid dripped on them?

I am not sure if this is a real myth, as I learned about it from a Tumblr post: charlesoberonn: Hades was the least evil entity in the entire Greek pantheon. Just look at the ...
8
votes
1answer
130 views

The Odyssey lock scene (Book 21): Translations vs. original Greek?

Near the beginning of Book 21, most translators have used some peculiar language to describe Penelope's unlocking of the door behind which Odysseus' bow is kept. Fagles writes (lines 54–56) ...
4
votes
1answer
759 views

Did Zeus give Pandora the box?

Did Zeus give Pandora the box? So the version I'm most familiar with is that Epimetheus had a box containing the evils of the world, but in some other versions e.g. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=...
8
votes
1answer
231 views

How powerful were Greek gods without their items?

Many magical items Greek gods have are very powerful. But sometimes they hand them out like its Christmas. So how powerful are greek gods? Could, for example, Zeus still control weather without his ...
5
votes
0answers
61 views

Medea in the Dunciad

The mortal Medea, as described in Wikipedia, does not appear to characterize the lines in Alexander Pope's Dunciad: As one by one, at dread Medea's strain, The sick'ning stars fade off th' ethereal ...
8
votes
4answers
58k views

What is the moral of the myth of Icarus?

Icarus, the son of Daedalus who created the maze that held the Minotaur was given wings which allowed him to fly away from the Island of Crete. He was told not to fly too near the Sun nor too close to ...
2
votes
1answer
169 views

Who is “she who slew the Gorgon” in Euripides?

In Euripides' Ion, we find the following lines in a dialogue between Ion and his mother Creusa (Perseus Digital Library text in parallel with Coleridge's translation): Κρέουσα: ἴστω Γοργοφόνα — ...
33
votes
3answers
58k views

Why was it a good thing that hope remained in Pandora's box?

One thing has always confused me about the story of Pandora. When she opened her box (or jar, whatever), all sorts of evil things escaped outside the box, and this is why we have evil in the world now....
16
votes
2answers
1k views

What is the River Styx?

The River Styx is mentioned quite a lot when a Greek hero meets his demise. However is this really a body of water in Hades? Is it made out of something else? What is the River Styx?
1
vote
1answer
207 views

What is the 'White Rock' in Greek mythology?

I just found this term, White Rock, or Leucas, while reading about the Underworld here. As men and women die, Hermes leads their souls to the Underworld, past the streams of Oceanus, past the White ...
4
votes
1answer
116 views

What are the old laws of Cronos?

Athena blinded the young Tiresias by covering his eyes with her hands when he surprised her naked. Tiresias' mother, the nymph Chariclo who was dear to Athena and one of her attendants, asked the ...
2
votes
1answer
219 views

What does Tiresias's answer to the gods mean?

Zeus and Hera once had an argument on which gender enjoyed love making more. They called on Tiresias, a mortal that had been both a man and a woman. his answer was this... Of ten parts a man enjoys ...
26
votes
2answers
1k views

Was the Minotaur a single being, or a race?

In the legend of Theseus and the Minotaur, we know that the Minotaur dwelled at the center of the maze built by Daedalus. However, the creature itself (part man, part bull) doesn't appear to show up ...
21
votes
1answer
422 views

Did the Greeks build temples for all of the children of Cronus?

I know that the Ancient Greeks built temples for a lot of the children of Cronus, such as the Temple of Zeus and the Temple of Hera. Were temples built for all of the children of Cronus, or were they ...
7
votes
1answer
214 views

Are Minos and the Minotaur duplication of the same figure?

While reading the story of Minos and the Minotaur, I noticed that both of them have nearly identical origins: Both are sired by a white bull (a transformed Zeus or a gift from Poseidon) Their mother ...
1
vote
1answer
149 views

What are some differences between Ares and the amazons in the 2017 film Wonder Woman and the actual mythology?

In the beginning of the 2017 film Wonder Woman, Diana aka Wonder Woman, is read a story by her mom, Queen Hippolyta, supposedly corresponding to Queen Hippolyta of Greek mythology. The story begins: ...
7
votes
1answer
3k views

What was Athena's punishment for her involvement in a plot against Zeus?

When Hera, Apollo, Poseidon and Athena lead a revolt/rebellion against Zeus, they failed and were punished. Apollo and Poseidon were sent to build Troy's wall. Hera was tied upside down from the ...
2
votes
1answer
82 views

Image of God of Time

In the Time for Chronos, I wrote some code that uses the chrono library to measure the time needed for an image of God of time Chronos to be displayed in ASCII art. However, I am not sure about the ...
2
votes
2answers
177 views

Who is this Greek goddess?

Please help me identify this Greek goddess statue in the attached image. Who is this? She is wearing a hat of some kind and is holding flowers or some other plants.
3
votes
1answer
62 views

What were the deeds of Hippolytus?

Renaissance composer Nicola Vicentino set the following text in one of his madrigals: Musica prisca caput tenebris modo sustulit altis Dulcibus ut numeris priscis certantia factis Facta tua, Ippolite,...
2
votes
1answer
81 views

Why was Tenes made king?

Tenes was a son of Apollo or King Cycnus and was falsely accused of forced intercourse. He was found guilty. As punishment, he and his sister were put in a box (much like the legend of Perseus and his ...
3
votes
1answer
725 views

What color is ichor in greek mythology?

I've tried googling this and I've found basically nothing. The first result says it's blue, but I was highly suspicious of it, and haven't found anything else to confirm it. I'm skeptical of any ...
7
votes
1answer
181 views

Which version of the Ariadne Myth was written/told first?

Ariadne was a daughter of Minos. She helped Theseus traverse the labyrinth in exchange to be taken with him away. In one version, Dionysus tells Theseus that he wants Ariadne and to leave her on an ...
11
votes
3answers
454 views

Is there any explanation in greek mythology for the creation of Uranus and Gaea?

I was just wondering because there never seems to be a beginning. Greek mythology always seems to start with just there being Uranus and Gaea with no events before that. Is there a beginning before ...
11
votes
5answers
25k views

Can the Greek Gods Be “Killed”?

If Zeus and his siblings were able to hold Chronos down and chop him into pieces, effectively "killing" him, could there be a way for the gods or goddesses to die as well? Or in other words, can the ...
3
votes
1answer
2k views

What is the fight between Odysseus and Achilles?

I remember reading in the Odyssey about a bard retelling the story of Odysseus and Achilles having a fight. It had Odysseus put his head down in tears as the bard sang the story. But it didn't say ...
5
votes
1answer
97 views

A rock on a beach

I've heard of a story in greek mythology, but I am missing a lot of details. Can you help me recover the place where, supposedly, everything happened ? A guy goes alone to a village to steal wine and ...
15
votes
3answers
1k views

Importance of Dionysos/Bacchus in Orphism

How did Dionysus/Bacchus become the central figure of Orphism, given the relatively modest importance he has in classical Greek and Roman mythology? From a semi-god of Wine in the latter, he becomes ...
6
votes
1answer
244 views

Could the weapons of the gods be used against them?

Ethan's answer to the How did Athena keep from being turned into stone by her shield? question puts forth an interesting idea: Athena probably wouldn't have been turned to stone from Medusa's head ...
9
votes
1answer
322 views

Why did Ovid omit the Heroic Age?

According to Wikipedia, Ovid's Four Ages of Man are very similar to Hesiod's Five Ages Man, with the exception of the Heroic Age. Why didn't Ovid include the Heroic Age?
12
votes
1answer
1k views

Why does Medea escape punishment?

Medea murders her brother Absyrtus to facilitate her's and Jason's escape from Colchis. In some versions of the myth - most notably in Euripides's eponymous play - she also murders her sons to revenge ...
1
vote
0answers
95 views

Planctae vs. Symplegades

In the Argonautica, both the Planctea and the Symplegades are mentioned. One on the way in search of the Golden Fleece and the other on the way back. The Planctea was also known as, "the Wondering ...
6
votes
1answer
144 views

The Atlas Continuity Issue

One of Heracles's twelve labors was to retrieve the golden apples from the Hesperides, the "Daughters of the Evening". The only one who'd know where they are is the titan Atlas, who was condemned to ...
4
votes
2answers
194 views

Greek or Roman equivalent of Bible

Wondering if there are any documents that document the Greek or Roman mythologies in a way similar to the bible, in that it acts as a comprehensive resource for all the knowledge about it. Maybe ...
42
votes
3answers
71k views

What is the difference between a God and a Titan?

In Greek mythology, the words "Titan" and "God" seem to be used interchangeably. For example, Zeus is a God, but Cronus (his father) was a Titan. So what is the difference between a Titan and a God in ...
8
votes
2answers
946 views

Who had a “sister wife” in Greek mythology?

The term "sister wife" occurs in ancient Greek literature, in reference to a woman who is both a wife and a (full-or-half) sister of her husband, but my question is in regards to Greek mythology: Who ...
7
votes
1answer
284 views

What is Clytemnestra's dowry? How does it compare to Helen's?

In other words, what does Agamemnon gain by forcing her into marriage, and to what degree does Agamemnon's status depend on his royal wife? (Eleanor of Aquitaine as " the most eligible bride in ...
5
votes
2answers
972 views

Is Phoebus an alternate name for Apollo or is a description of Apollo?

Is Phoebus an alternate name for Apollo or is a description of Apollo? In other words, I want to know if Phoebus is a name or simply a common noun that means "light" or "brightness". There was also a ...
8
votes
3answers
413 views

Did the Moirai (3 Fates) also control lovers destiny or was that the responsibility of another deity?

Did the Moirai / 3 Fates take precedence over the Gods responsible for love and marriage? What relationship, if any, does Greek canon state about the link between Hera, Eros and Moirai?
20
votes
4answers
3k views

Who invented writing, or who taught writing to the mortals, according to Greek myths?

There are legends in several mythologies about who invented writing, or a particular writing system (script). For example, the futhark runes used to write Norse were invented by the god Odin, and ...
4
votes
1answer
355 views

What do we know about Apollo Maleatas?

From Wikipedia: The sanctuary of Apollo Maleatas (Greek: Ἀπόλλων Μαλεάτας) is located on a low hill on Mount Kynortion, east of the sanctuary of Asklepios at Epidaurus. At the peak of the hill was a ...
8
votes
1answer
2k views

Metis' unborn son

In the myth of Athena's birth it is mentioned that Metis' second child would overthrow Zeus. When Zeus swallowed Metis, he prevented the prophecy's fulfillment and Metis never had a son. But what if ...
4
votes
1answer
866 views

How long was the voyage of the Argonauts?

Is there any indication in the Argonautica or any other ancient telling of the myth of roughly how long it took Jason and his Argonauts to travel from Iolcos to Colchis and back?
33
votes
3answers
17k views

Why did Zeus assume so many different forms for seduction?

The character of Zeus is well-known for seducing many women, both human and goddesses. In many of these stories, Zeus assumes a form other than his true self. The most famous is perhaps Leda - it is ...
6
votes
1answer
159 views

Did the inhabitants of the ancient Near East believe in an ocean in the sky?

An ocean in the sky shows up quite a lot in depictions, for example Psalms 148:4: Praise him, you highest heavens, and you waters above the heavens! But finding good evidence for it in Egyptian ...
4
votes
1answer
488 views

Which gods were Odysseus and Penelope directly descended from?

I once read the Odysseus and Penelope were the grandchildren of two different gods. But I have had no luck finding it again. One might have been Hermes, although I can't be sure.
4
votes
1answer
771 views

Djinn and devils/demons question

I know that ancient Arabians had a mythology about evil creatures made of dust and fire called djinn, now my question is this: how were they different from Demons and devils?
7
votes
1answer
246 views

How did Aphrodite's promise of Helen to Paris work?

When Paris was asked to choose a recipient for the Golden Apple of Discord, he accepted Aphrodite's bribe and gave it to her in exchange for Menelaus's wife Helen. Paris later took Helen from Menelaus ...

1
3 4
5
6 7
12