Questions tagged [greek]

For questions about Greek mythology and legends from ancient Greece to the present day.

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3
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1answer
11k views

How many gods/goddesses are there in total in greek mythology?

If there was a diagram with every god in it, that would be cool, but I doubt you can find that, so a number will do I guess. How many gods/goddesses are there in total in greek mythology?
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1answer
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Are there any studies of the historic phenomenon of the chief god of a pantheon being replaced by the storm god?

We find in at least two instances the chief god of a pantheon being replaced by the younger storm god of that pantheon. For example, in Canaanite mythology, the supreme god El is replaced with the ...
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3answers
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What is the connection of Egyptian mythology to Atlantis?

As writing an answer to my own question, I came across this, Plutarch, Life of Solon 26. 1 (trans. Perrin) (Greek historian C1st - C2nd A.D.) : "He [Solon] also spent some time in studies with ...
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273 views

Was there an epic or drama detailing Menelaus's return?

In book IV of the Odyssey (translator Robert Fitsgerald), Menelaus mentions he spent 7 years returning to Sparta. This seems like it would be something that somebody in ancient times would write about....
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1answer
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How many types of Nymphs were there?

After reading and answering this question, it caused me to believe that in Greek mythology, there were a lot of nymphs. They were nature spirits, and so, there are a lot of types of nymphs. Cloud - ...
11
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1answer
397 views

Did the ancient Greeks believe the Olympians residence on Mt. Olympus to be a metaphor?

Did the ancient Greeks believe that the residence of the main Olympians on the top of Mt. Olympus to be literal? Or is Mt. Olympus used as a metaphor to explain that the gods resided on the highest ...
3
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1answer
191 views

Are the nodes of Greek mythology a major concept?

The Wikipedia article for the Calydonian Boar says that Like the quest for the Golden Fleece (Argonautica) or the Trojan War that took place the following generation, the Calydonian Hunt is one of ...
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2answers
263 views

Were all the sons of Zeus brothers of all the godly sons and daughters of Zeus?

Since in Greek mythology, there are sons of Zeus as demigods, are they brothers of all the godly sons and daughters of Zeus? Also, wouldn't the demigod's mother technically be the mother in law of ...
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What are the differences between fauns and satyrs?

From what I've gathered fauns and satyrs are pretty much the same thing; they're all male, hircine from the waist down. They like wine, women, and song. They walk around naked all the time and have an ...
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833 views

Which mythologies had demigods?

As we all know Greek gods were very lusty, and as a result produced several demigods. Does this happen in other mythologies as well?
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1answer
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What was the symbolism behind Tantalus's punishment?

Tantalus, who was a bad person, was sent to the fields of punishment. He stood in a pool, with a fruit tree above him, but the food and drink would always go away from him when he tried to eat it. ...
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1answer
347 views

Was Charybdis always a monster?

Charybdis, and its counterpart Scylla were two monsters in the Odyssey. However, according to Ovid's Metamorphoses, Scylla was once a nymph. "... had she not been transformed before they came into ...
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699 views

What happened with the Golden Fleece?

As we all know, Jason and his company of Argonauts took the Golden Fleece from Colchis. What happened with it afterwards? Is it mentioned in any other story of the Greek mythology?
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What was the inspiration for the Indian Drakon?

The Drakones indikoi was a legendary being. The can be found from here. It says they came from India. Was this creature inspired by a real animal? If so, can anyone tell what me what it is?
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Why is tragedy a goat song?

Tragedy literally means a goat's song or ode. Is there any indication in mythology of why a goat song would be sad or dramatic? As far as I know, Pan, Faunus, Silvanus... all part goat deities ...
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Is there a Western (Greek, Roman, Egyptian, or Norse) god of the cosmos?

I have heard of the Greek god, Chaos (the manifestation of the void), and of the Greek god Aither, (the manifestation of the upper air that gods breathe most often), but I can't find reference to any ...
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Why did Athena breathe life into the man Prometheus created?

I have seen many books and papers reference Athena breathing life into the man Prometheus molded out of clay, but I couldn't find any primary sources of this happening, and I couldn't find any good ...
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1answer
470 views

Why did Tantalus try to trick the gods?

Tantalus, who was a king beloved of the gods, ruled over the kingdom of Tmolus. He hated his sons. He fed the gods human meat, specifically Pelops, his son, and tried to trick them. Later he was sent ...
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1answer
163 views

What is the differences between the two versions of these myths? [closed]

What is the differences between the two versions of these myths? How can they be interpreted? The first image is a Bell crater by a Berlin painter in Tarquinia (Italy), Museum. C. 490 BC, it has ...
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1answer
625 views

How did Helen get back from Troy?

The nostoi, or journeys home, of many of the heroes of the Trojan War are recounted by Homer -- most famously that of Odysseus -- or were known in antiquity but later lost. Is anything known about how ...
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1answer
469 views

When did the maiden goddesses choose to become a maiden forever?

When did Hestia, Athena, and Artemis decide to become maiden goddesses?
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1answer
795 views

Why would an ancient temple be dedicated to both Poseidon and Artemis?

Why is this temple dedicated to both deities? I can't find a connection between them in either myth or theme.
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2answers
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Do we know how Hercules avoided the Hydra's venomous breath?

In most all references to the Lernaean Hydra, it says that the hydra has venomous breath and blood. Pseudo-Hyginus, Fabulae 30 : "He [Herakles] killed at the spring of Lerna the nine headed ...
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Which one was older, Artemis or Apollo?

On the island of Delos, Leto had twins, Apollo and Artemis. But usually, twins have a time in between before they are born. Not sure if this is the same in mythology. So which was older?
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Exactly how did Asclepius cure death?

So, in a myth, Asclepius cheated death because he brought someone back to life from the dead. So how did he do it? Clarifications: I mean the method, like a potion? a incantation? anything of the ...
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1answer
281 views

Roughly, where was Ogygia?

There was an island, called Ogygia. Apparently, It was an island where Calypso was cursed to stay on forever, because she supported her father, Atlas, in the Titan war. Roughly, where is it?
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What is the relationship between Jesus, Iseous, and Zeus

Zeus was a Greek god, Iseous was a Roman god and Jesus is the Christian faith Messiah, who is also referred to as "Son of Man." My question is: What is the origin of the name Jesus, and what is its ...
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1answer
372 views

Are the Underworld's judges really impartial?

The Greek Underworld's three judges, Rhadamanthus, Aeacus, and Minos judge the souls of the dead and decide whether to inflict eternal torment upon them. (Rhadamanthus and Aeacus decide the judgement ...
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3answers
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Why do the Greeks have two different messenger gods?

Hermes was a messenger god. And Iris, with her rainbows, was also a messenger goddess. Why would the Greeks have two different messenger gods?
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4answers
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What happened if a god or goddess had his/her head cut off?

So in mythology, most gods and goddesses are immortal. But you can't really live once you have your head cut off. So, specifically Greek mythology, what would happen if your head got cut off, and you ...
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2answers
874 views

How did Hades get to know Persephone?

Hades, the Underworld god, probably only knew about the Underworld. So why would he even know about Persephone, much less be attracted to her? If he did see above the ground, please tell me how he ...
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Is there a Sumerian Pandora myth?

On the FOX show Sleepy Hollow, the Big Bad this season calls herself Pandora, and she has a box from which supernatural evil things come, but one of the protagonists says she's from Sumeria. The ...
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Were any mortals made into gods?

Famous demi-gods were sometimes turned into gods. Namely: Heracles Dionysus But were there any mortals that were turned into gods, or immortal?
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1answer
200 views

Are there any Greek myths related to the creation or use of numbers?

See https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Greek_numerals for reference; So the Greek Mythology played a part in almost everything, like The ocean (Oceanus) Northern Europe (Europa) And a whole bunch of ...
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0answers
169 views

How did Hypnos became associated with the Muses?

Pausanias, in his Description of Greece mentions that Hypnos (the personification of sleep) was particularly friendly with the Muses: [Paus. 2.31.3] Not far from the Muses' Hall is an old altar, ...
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2answers
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Has Poseidon ever won a dispute with another Olympian?

It seems that every time Poseidon was in contest with another Olympian, he came up short. First, he lost dominion over the heavens to Zeus: But when Zeus was full-grown, he took Metis, daughter of ...
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2answers
361 views

Why are there only 3 Horai if the year is split into four sections?

There were three Horai. Then, when Demeter started mourning for Persephone, a new season appears (because plants can't grow anymore, and its not autumn.) , winter. Does that mean that Autumn or ...
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2answers
362 views

Is there a myth of someone living in the sun?

Is there a Greek myth of some sort of a god, human, or other creature living in the sun?
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953 views

Are sphinxes unigender?

In Greek mythology sphinxes are always female. Are there any text about sphinxes that explain how they breed or how they're born? Or are there male Sphinx?
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256 views

What is the symbolism of the name of the Parcae?

According to theoi.com, Parcae/Moirai means "parts": Their name means "Parts." "Shares" or "Alottted Portions." Is there a symbolism behind this? Is it because Fate was split into 3?
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4answers
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Was Poseidon ever considered the chief deity instead of Zeus?

My friends study the history of religions and say that, once Zeus was known for being the head of Olympus, while Poseidon was considered the chief deity. One piece of evidence they give for this is ...
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213 views

Are Moirai & Parcae mortal?

What is the fate of Moirai & Parcae (the Fates) in Roman & Greek mythologies? Are they mortal? If they are destined to die when & how it happens?
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1answer
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Onokentauroi and Centaur- origin of both?

Theoi has an interesting mythical creature here THE ONOKENTAUROS (or Onocentaur) was an African animal with the hybrid form of a man and an ass. The Greeks and Romans later applied the name to a type ...
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2answers
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Why did Theseus betray Ariadne?

Quoting Theoi, In one, Ariadne, the daughter of King Minos of Krete, assisted Theseus in his quest to slay the Minotaur, and then fled with him aboard his ship. However, when they landed on the ...
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1answer
356 views

Why did Hera have so many sacred things?

Theoi has quite the list. SYMBOLS Crown, Lotus-staff, Cuckoo ATTRIBUTES Lotus-staff; Crown; Cuckoo; Peacock; Pomegranate CHARIOTS Who cares? SACRED PLANTS Pomegranate, Lotus/Waterlily, Willow ...
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358 views

Why was the blood of Ouranos so powerful?

The blood of Ouranos gave birth to- Aphrodite three seasons three Erinyes the Gigantes And that is quite a list for someone to give birth to when he is dead. Is this just a given? A powerful god ...
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832 views

Why was Hephaestus's mule ithyphallic?

While poking around at this question: Symbolism behind Hepheastus riding a donkey A common detail in the art struck me, and as a result, I learned a cool new word: Ithyphallic: having an erect ...
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Symbolism behind Hephaestus riding a donkey

When Hephaestus returns to Olympus after being thrown out by Hera, some authors/artists portray him as riding a donkey: (Source: Theoi.com) Is there any reason why he rides a donkey? Why not a horse ...
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1answer
326 views

Did Theseus use the string or Princess Ariadne to get out?

In a AHEM certain series AHEM, it states that Theseus did not rely on the string of Princess Ariadne; rather, he used the vision of a mortal who could see through the Mist, a certain force that made ...
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2answers
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What is this myth about Helios?

Well, there was a guy who wanted to get on the sun chariot, but eventually he died or something happened to him, but he got too close or something. What is the name of the boy, and what is the time ...

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