Questions tagged [greek]

For questions about Greek mythology and legends from ancient Greece to the present day.

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Greek myths centered on self-sacrifice

One of them main themes within christianity is the idea of self-sacrifice: Jesus is said to have accepted crucification in order to save mankind. In contrast, in older mythologies, like the greek, the ...
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Do any myths specify whether Zeus, Hades, Poseidon, Hera, Demeter, and Hestia were sextuplets or simply siblings?

We know that Zeus was the youngest, but then people do still talk about being the "older twin" or "younger twin." Do we know if Zeus was the youngest of six siblings born (and ...
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5 votes
1 answer
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Why did Odysseus not sacrifice poultry?

In Homer's Odyssey, Odysseus is rich: he owns cattle, swine, sheep, goats. Kirkē asks Odysseus to sacrifice cattle and sheep, and to do libation with milk, honey, wine, flour; Teiresias asks Odysseus ...
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Is there a reconstruction of the Titanomachy (as in the epic poem)? [closed]

I have access to the fragments of the Titanomachy. I have a short commentary on the Titanomachy in the book: The Greek Epic Cycle by Malcolm Davies, thanks to Gullintanni (a stack exchange username). ...
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Hang up cadavers

Some time ago, I read the story about Jason. During his trip, he and the crew met a people used to hang up dead bodies on trees' branch. Who are they?
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1 vote
1 answer
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Is there an introductory scholarly study guide, involving primary works being discussed, for ancient greek mythology?

I am searching for a study guide, as described in the question, giving comprehensive primary sources (e.g. ideally stating all discovered theogonies) and discussing each primary source. It would be ...
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Has there been a reconstruction of the Aethiopis, Little Iliad, Iliou persis or Nostoi?

I am planning on reading the Epic Cycle. Apart from the Iliad and Odyssey the original texts are only fragmentary. I have found reconstructions of the Cypria and Telegony by D.M. Smith. Is there ...
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Why is Aphrodite a goddess?

If Aphrodite is the daughter of Ouranos and Gaia, why is she not a Titaness, Giantess, Erinye, or Melia? Is there a specific reason for her to be a goddess if all other gods are descendants of Cronus ...
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4 votes
1 answer
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Is there any truth to the claim that the original home of the Amazons was Sinope, not Themiscyra?

From the Wikipedia entry about Otrera, the founder of the Amazons: One day Otreta and her women rebelled and took over the entire town and eventually all the towns surrounding. Otrera would march ...
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Is Typhon a Gigante or god?

I am confused on the 'race' of Typhon. Is he a god, albeit a monstrous one (he is descended from gods after all)? A Gigante, albeit this time birthed from union between Tartarus and Gaia instead of ...
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what was the reason for rape in greek myths and culture

Is the reason gods assaulted women because of Eros? Did gods and mortals alike blame Eros for their act of "passion"?
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Why doesn't Hera divorce Zeus and marry someone more faithful?

This is something I don't understand. If Hera hates Zeus' infidelity, to the point of cursing his lovers and even trying to overthrow him, why not marry someone else?
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2 votes
3 answers
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How long do demigods live for?

I am wondering this, as it is a fascinating question in it's own right. I know that Heracles lived at about age 70-80, but what is the minimum, if not the maximum age a demigod can live.
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1 vote
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Was the Greek worship of heroes similar to their worship of the gods?

I just want to know the similarites and differences between god and hero worship in ancient Greece. Was there actually a difference, or were past heroes treated like gods?
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5 votes
2 answers
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Has Herakles been swallowed by a whale?

I heard a rumor that there was an ancient Greek myth about a human swallowed by a whale (or other large sea monster) and living to tell the tale, similar to the Biblical story of Jonas the prophet. I ...
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Did free will actually exist in Greek mythology

My question is about free will in Greek mythology. How do we explain that fate is also a thing while they also have free will?
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Were prehistoric fossils linked to mythological beings in ancient Greece?

This is a loading screen hint from the video game Assasin's Creed Odyssey: Belongs in a museum. In antiquity, the discovery of prehistoric bones were sometimes linked to mythological beings, such as ...
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6 votes
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What is the significance of the two cities on the Shield of Achilles?

In Book 18 of the Iliad, Homer describes the Shield of Achilles. The second layer from the shield's centre features scenes from two cities. In the first city a wedding and a tribunal are taking place: ...
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Name for the "soul-mates" in Plato's "The Symposium"?

In Plato's The Symposium, Aristophanes tells the tale of the "soulmate", which was the description of humans that had two pairs of arms and legs, one head with two faces upon it, and three ...
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6 votes
2 answers
279 views

Was a sneeze seen as an omen in ancient Greece?

This is a loading screen hint from the game Assasin's Creed Odyssey: Gods bless you. A sneeze at a key moment was seen as an omen in ancient Greece. Since it was involuntary, the action was viewed as ...
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2 votes
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What Greek or IE god or goddess was named "Da"?

This answer claims that the etymology of the name of Greek goddess Demeter is "mother of Da" and the etymology of Poseidon is "husband of Da". Who is Da then? PS. I seems to be a ...
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What was the consensus on what the world was like around the time of the Titanomachy?

Most sources seem to suggest there were humans, but no fire. Were humans and titans on the same plane of existence? Did monsters roam the world? Which titans and gods existed at this point? Who was in ...
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1 answer
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Who in Greek mythology is associated with natural disasters?

For example, tsunamis being water are obvious to be Poseidon's doing, but what about volcanic eruptions, earthquakes, landslides, avalanches, soil liquefaction etc? Some sources state that Poseidon ...
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What places were actually in the underworld?

I've recently become interested in Greek mythology and I thought what better place to start than a good 'ol family tree. Whilst researching Tartarus I came across, seemingly, two areas of thought. One ...
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2 votes
2 answers
141 views

Other names for Drákaines?

The greek Drákaines (Δράκαινες) is a race or group of serpent-like creatures with human features, generally female. Basically what the Medusa from the original 80's Clash of the Titans, minus the ...
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1 answer
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Does any Greek god ever respect a mortal not consenting to sex?

Classical Greek mythology is replete with, frankly, rape. From outright physically overpowering their victim to 'pursuing' them until they 'give in', gods regularly force themselves on any mortal (or ...
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Why was Gaia in deep slumber during creation?

In all of Greek mythology, Gaia played an important role: giving birth to the titans and giants, etc. But most of the time she is in a deep slumber in the creation of mythology? Why?
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Greco-Roman stories of a mother losing her daughter?

I am looking for Greco-Roman stories of a mother losing her young daughter and the grief that takes place as a consequence of such. I am writing a play where a similar thing occurs and would like to ...
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3 votes
1 answer
56 views

How much time is a generation in the odyssey and Iliad?

Prompted by the question How old was Nestor is there any reference to how much Homer considered a generation to be? I cannot seem to find any good reference that is reliable and sourced correctly, ...
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What was the oak branch of Dodona (within Argo) called?

This link makes it seems like it was referred to as "Koraki" but it seems like fan-fiction and I cannot validate using any of the accessible references.
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Why was the Greek deity of warfare and wisdom (Athena) female, and how did the Greeks rationalize this?

While of course descending from a diverse cultural genealogy, Greek deities appear to have become consistent with what would have been familiar gender associations to the Greeks. This can especially ...
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3 votes
1 answer
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Is there a binary index of interactions between mythical personages of classical antiquity?

In the context of Greek and Roman mythology, suppose I'm interested in finding whether two prominent mythical personages (deities, heroes or other figures) are related or not by some written narrative,...
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How old was Nestor?

I am rereading the Iliad and I am wondering how old Nestor, Agamemnon, Odysseus etc. were. Nestor was and old man, but how old ? 60 ? What age was the prime of life, which I suppose Agamemnon and ...
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Was Gaea more evil than her daughter, Rhea?

I am writing a short poem about Greek deities and I am debating over Gaea or Rhea as evil goddesses. I have tried looking over multiple sources and answered questions about Gaea, the Mother Earth, in ...
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Cross-dressing Grecian/Hellenistic priests

Background: I'm reading a book in Hebrew called "The Ten Tribes" by Alter Walner, a collection of essays on a number of topics that relate both to the Ten Lost Tribes of Israel and to other ...
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2 answers
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What is the significance of Medusa having hands of bronze?

I was reading Ritchie's Fabulae Faciles, and it says of the Gorgon Medusa, Manus etiam ex aere factae erant. ("Indeed, her hands were made out of bronze.") What is the significance or ...
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2 votes
1 answer
139 views

Symbolism of Titans and Gods

I am wondering whether, in Greek mythology, the Titans as a "class" or a "whole" represented some idea, facet of life, what have you, and whether the gods as a "class" or ...
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4 votes
1 answer
87 views

Identifying Greco-Roman Mythology reference in Krazy Kat Kartoon

Some months ago I answered a question over on the Literature SE. The question was about a Krazy Kat strip from 1936. In the cartoon, Offisa Pupp takes a nap; he dreams that he meets Krazy and then ...
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Which Greek myth tells the story of a woman/man who falsely admits to killing his/her lover?

Someone told me about a Greek myth about a woman/man who falsely admits to killing his/her lover? Is there such a myth? If so, what is it?
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-5 votes
1 answer
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What does Rome, Conquerors & Titans have in common?

I think something with Heracles, but I am unsure.
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Which Greek gods are part of the 12 Olympians? [duplicate]

In most internet sources it says Zeus, Hera, Poseidon, Demeter, Ares, Hermes, Hephaestus, Aphrodite, Athena, Apollo, and Artemis are always considered to be Olympians and either Hestia or Dionysus is ...
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5 votes
2 answers
271 views

An ancient source for the myth of Venus' creation of red roses?

I asked a question Literature SE a few days ago, trying to make sense of some of the references in an English poem by William Drummond of Hawthornden. One portion of the poem describes Venus/Aphrodite ...
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3 votes
1 answer
318 views

Are there any gods or similar beings other than Nemesis that laid eggs?

Castor and Pollux, Helen and Clytemnestra are considered twins, and may or may not have hatched from eggs laid by Nemesis after being impregnated by her father Zeus as swans https://www.theoi.com/...
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3 votes
1 answer
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Is there a myth about someone who constantly creates their own demise?

Since this is certainly a common theme, I'm wondering if there is a myth about someone who ignorantly walks themselves repeatedly into ill-fate or their own misery. It would be like Sisyphus, but ...
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6 votes
1 answer
9k views

Is it possible to build a timeline for Greek mythology?

I have tried to find a timeline for Greek mythology but I either find small, unreferenced lists or timelines of Ancient Greece. Particularly, I would like to build or find one where it explains how ...
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Examples of non-Homeric invisibility as clouds

Homer uses the trope of clouds of mist rendering a god or person unseen (even to people right next to them, in the daylight) a number of times throughout the Iliad and Odyssey. For example, in the ...
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9 votes
4 answers
338 views

Were there cooks for the gods on Olympus in Greek(or Roman) Mythology

I am writing a play in which Greek mythology is a worshipful act and wanted to write that the gods decided to eat the humanly harvest rather than the food (ambrosia, the nectar) of Olympus. Are ...
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4 votes
2 answers
216 views

Why did Pittheus trick Aegeus?

The story of Theseus' birth has already been covered in this forum. My question is about Pittheus' motivation behind getting Aegeus drunk and offering him his daughter Aethra. In Euripedes' Medea, ...
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3 votes
1 answer
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Which way blows Zephyrus?

This is more like a technical, geographical question. When we say Zephyrus is the west wind, do we mean coming from the west or going west? Which way would my boat go if Zephyrus blew into the sails?...
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6 votes
2 answers
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Eurydice's body

I've loved Orpheus' and Eurydice's myth for a couple of decades by now, but it never occurred to me to ask: what about her body? Is there any hint that people in the classical period would have ...
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