Questions tagged [greek]

For questions about Greek mythology and legends from ancient Greece to the present day.

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1answer
980 views

What is the fight between Odysseus and Achilles?

I remember reading in the Odyssey about a bard retelling the story of Odysseus and Achilles having a fight. It had Odysseus put his head down in tears as the bard sang the story. But it didn't say ...
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3answers
209 views

Who is the goddess Kalligeneia?

While exploring Demeter's title Thesmophoros (θεσμός, thesmos: divine order, unwritten law; φόρος, phoros: bringer, bearer) by clicking on the Wikipedia link, I found nothing relating to it. The link, ...
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1answer
82 views

Why was it important that the cattle have 'never yet felt the goad?'

In the Iliad, book 6, there is a line were Hector is speaking to his mother. "...Get the matrons together, and go with offerings to the temple of Athena driver of the spoil; there, upon the knees ...
6
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0answers
371 views

Why does Perseus carry a sickle instead of a sword?

Perseus armed with a sickle has a well established iconography in Greek mythology: From Theoi.com: But why does Perseus carry this "weapon" instead of a proper sword, like it is shown in later ...
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0answers
422 views

What kinds of love do individual Greek gods represent?

The Greeks had four concepts for love: éros (ἔρος), storgē (στοργή), philía (φιλία) and agápe (ἀγάπη). Eros being passionate love or romantic love. Storge means love between good friends and family. ...
4
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2answers
1k views

How did Perseus die?

I'd like to know of any myths surrounding Perseus' death (the same Perseus that killed Medusa), but Wikipedia only mentions this line about it: According to Hyginus, Fabulae 244, Megapenthes ...
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1answer
190 views

Why did Zeus take half the goodness out of a man?

I found something online mentioning a passage from the Odyssey, Book XVII. I checked it against my own Odyssey translated by Samuel Butler. The passage holds true. "...Servants never do their work ...
5
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1answer
371 views

How did Aphrodite even help the Trojans during the Trojan war?

I am a Latin student, and currently studying the Trojan war myths How could Aphrodite, being the goddess of love (being almost as far from a war goddess as possible) help Paris and the Trojans ...
7
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3answers
4k views

What kind of dog breed would Cerberus be?

There are countless depictions of Cerberus with various number of heads or additional parts such as snake heads or tails. Some even say that Cerberus did not refer to a dog or hound at all, but rather ...
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1answer
117 views

What does Ulysses Pidytes of Percote mean?

I just opened my Iliad et Odyssey (Translated by Samuel Butler), and I saw this... Polypoetes then killed Astyalus, Ulysses Pidytes of Percote, and Teucer Aretaon. The Iliad, Book VI, page 98 ...
4
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1answer
414 views

Where are there female centaurs in mythology?

A few months ago, I was reading the Metamorphoses by Ovid (translator unknown). At a time I was reading it just to get through it because it wasn't what I expected (still read it though, albeit not ...
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58 views

What deities did only one city/state recognize?

In research of past questions, I came across Eleos. Eleos is the personified daemon (lesser/inferior god) of piety, mercy, clemency (leniency), and compassion. She was always depicted as a young woman ...
3
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1answer
732 views

Does hubris have an opposite?

Hubris is a Greek term that means excessive/deadly pride or arrogance before the gods. She is also a personified daemon. Soon after one succumbs to Hubris, Nemesis enacts retribution. Since hubris is ...
2
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1answer
50 views

How does Philomela get the tapestry to Procne?

Philomela was a princess of Athens and the sister of Procne, queen of Thrace (married to Tereus, the king of Thrace). In the fifth year of their marriage, Procne expressed a desire to see her sister. ...
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172 views

Who kept the Cumaean Sybil in a jar (ampulla)?

I have previously asked a question about the Virgin of Cumae, or the Cumaean Sybil, so the info will, for the most part, just be a memorize and type deal. The Virgin of Cumae was a priestess with the ...
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76 views

What were author's explanation for Oedipus solving the more ancient of the riddles?

The riddle we all know is- What creature walks on 4 legs in the morning, 2 in the afternoon and 3 in the evening? The answer is a human in relation to the stages of life. The second, and possibly ...
6
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1answer
57 views

Is it a tapestry or a scroll?

I have always known it as the Fates creating a Tapestry of Fate. But an answer to a previous question states that Ovid called it a scroll of fate. ... and he remembered in the scroll of fate, ...
5
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1answer
147 views

Does anyone else sample the food of the Underworld?

Most of us know the story behind the seasons in Greek Mythology, but just to recap... Hades kidnapped the daughter of Demeter, Persephone. Demeter went in search for her, lead by Hecate's torches. ...
7
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1answer
201 views

Are Minos and the Minotaur duplication of the same figure?

While reading the story of Minos and the Minotaur, I noticed that both of them have nearly identical origins: Both are sired by a white bull (a transformed Zeus or a gift from Poseidon) Their mother ...
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1answer
183 views

When has Zeus shown wisdom?

Zeus swallowed his wife Metis, titan of Wisdom, because he feared the prophecy that a son between the two of them would overrule him. It is then said that Metis became the source of Zeus's wisdom. ...
2
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3answers
148 views

Are there any myths where a woman dies in childbirth?

In Greek culture, it was frowned upon (to put it lightly) for a woman to die during child birth. Are any myths told of a woman dying during child birth? Did the mother dying have any effect on the ...
3
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1answer
97 views

When was the pool of Mnemosyne first mentioned as part of the Underworld waters?

Beyond lay Erebus, which could be taken for a euphonym of Hades, whose own name was dread. There were two pools, that of Lethe, where the common souls flocked to erase all memory, and the pool of ...
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2answers
453 views

How did Hades get Kerberos?

Kerberos (Latin: Cerberus) is the three headed dog that guards the entrance of the Underworld. He is most known for being captured by Heracles for his 12th labor. But it is never mentioned how ...
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3answers
314 views

Who was served his own children cut into pieces?

I'm looking for the name an ancient man who was subject to being served his own children in pieces and eating them unknowingly. He was invited for dinner by the king where this took place. Later, he ...
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1answer
46 views

Was it believed that nymphs were present in every river?

Nymphs, for the most part, are nature spirits that inhabit a number of region in nature. Most popularly known are river nymphs. Did the Greeks believed nymphs were present in every river?
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72 views

Is there a myth were Heracles chooses duty over pleasure?

Last year, I was handed a worksheet. It was an excerpt of an autobiography if I recall correctly. One part I remember in particular involved Heracles, that he was given a choice between duty and ...
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2answers
1k views

Are there any other Greek gods/goddesses that actually remained loyal to their counterpart?

Cheating on one's significant other is common in Greek Myth. I have only found four gods that remain faithful: Hera, Amphitrite, Eros and Psyche (while gods that didn't marry can't exactly cheat). ...
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1answer
674 views

Original Myth and translation of Hades asking to kidnap Persephone

Allow me to clarify. I found an interesting choice words on the Wikipedia article on Hades. Hades obtained his wife and queen, Persephone, through abduction at the behest of Zeus. Retrieved 4/...
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2answers
133 views

Who was Thalia's mother?

I do not mean Thalia the muse/grace/nereid. I speak of Thalia the nymph, daughter of Hephaestus. She has a stub Wikipedia page that says Zeus forced he in the form of an eagle and buried her body to ...
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1answer
143 views

Who wrote about gorgon's blood?

I came across a portion of Myth a while back. It said something like gorgon's blood taken from one side of the body can heal any malady but the other side can kill instantly. Who is this writing (for ...
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1answer
338 views

What is the Myth that had Shakespeare inspired to write Romeo and Juliet?

In my last question, I mentioned a love story that Shakespeare based his Romeo and Juliet story on. I said I tried and failed to find their names. The following is what I know of this story. They ...
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2answers
240 views

Are there any love stories in Greek myth that don't have one or both dying?

Phaedra and Hippolytus: Phaedra is cursed to love her own stepson Hippolytus, who dies. Galatea and Acis: Galatea attracts the love of Polyphemus, who kills her lover Acis. Hero and Leander live on ...
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1answer
115 views

Which version of the Ariadne Myth was written/told first?

Ariadne was a daughter of Minos. She helped Theseus traverse the labyrinth in exchange to be taken with him away. In one version, Dionysus tells Theseus that he wants Ariadne and to leave her on an ...
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1answer
581 views

What does Hesiod mean by “babies will be born with gray hair” in the Iron Age?

I found this on the Ages of Man Wikipedia article, in the section about Hesiod's Five Ages: At the height of this age, humans no longer feel shame or indignation at wrongdoing; babies will be born ...
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1answer
60 views

Why did Hera tell Dryope to kidnap Hylas?

I found a page with a number of Dryope from Greek Mythology. One of them says a nymph (possibly a different one from my last question) of the name was told by Hera to kidnap Hylas. On the Hylas page, ...
7
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1answer
2k views

What was Athena's punishment for her involvement in a plot against Zeus?

When Hera, Apollo, Poseidon and Athena lead a revolt/rebellion against Zeus, they failed and were punished. Apollo and Poseidon were sent to build Troy's wall. Hera was tied upside down from the ...
3
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1answer
348 views

What was Apollo's reason for siding with the Trojans?

It doesn't make sense to me. After the rebellion by Poseidon, Hera, Athena and Apollo, Poseidon and Apollo were sent to Troy as mortals to build a wall. When they finished, Troy's king refused to ...
4
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1answer
550 views

What more is known of Iapyx?

Iapyx is the son of Daedalus, brother to Icarus. Apollo gave him the gift of healing and was with Aeneas as a hand-full of Trojans fled the fallen city. What more is known between/after these snippets ...
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486 views

Contribution of ancient Greek pottery to mythology studies

I was wondering if the study of ancient Greek pottery art has contributed to the field of Mythology, and how, besides the cool illustrations: Heracles and Athena. Source pic: Wikipedia. For example, ...
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2answers
266 views

Was King Polydectes the last petrified by Medusa?

After beheading Medusa, Perseus uses her head to turn the Titan Atlas, the sea monster Cetus, and King Polydectes of Seriphos to stone. Perseus then gives the head of the Gorgon to the goddess Athena, ...
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1answer
156 views

Did the Babylonians, Norse Vikings, Japanese or Greeks have a concept of a soulmate?

Soulmates or true love are common themes in stories, movies/tv shows and such. I was just wondering if it had any roots from ancient times. I limit my question to these four Mythologies in tags, but ...
6
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1answer
128 views

Has Athena, Greek goddess of Wisdom, ever lost?

I only know of one myth in which Athena lost. I talk of Arachne, a mortal that challenged Athena to a weaving competition. In one account, Athena won. In another, it was a tie and Arachne hung herself....
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1answer
345 views

Which gods were Odysseus and Penelope directly descended from?

I once read the Odysseus and Penelope were the grandchildren of two different gods. But I have had no luck finding it again. One might have been Hermes, although I can't be sure.
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1answer
159 views

What is the story of Eurymedon, the giant king who brought destruction on his people?

Homer mentions the giant king Eurymedon ("ruling far and wide") in the Odyssey (Book 7.56): Nausithous at the first was born from the earth-shaker Poseidon and Periboea, the comeliest of women, ...
4
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1answer
637 views

What is the story of the Rape of Hera?

A while ago, I read something along this phrase: could be the same (filler name) that raped Hera. I do not know where I read this and have not been able to find it again. The only lead I got was with ...
3
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1answer
212 views

Are all monsters children of gods/Titans/primordials?

I've noticed that a number of creatures are related to the Greek deities. By the oldest account, Echidna, the mother of monsters, is the daughter of sea gods. This accounts for her own kids being ...
5
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1answer
240 views

How did Homer describe Mycenae?

Did he link his description with myth of Perseus? Could we imagine how it looks like ?
6
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1answer
232 views

Why wouldn't Zeus give Aphrodite to Ares when he was the obvious choice?

Why did Aphrodite have to marry Hephaistos, when Ares was the obvious choice? As I understand it, the reason for the marriage to Hephaistos, was because Aphrodites' beauty caused conflict. Wouldn't it ...
5
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1answer
281 views

Did Hephaestus and Aphrodite get divorced?

I come across every now and then that the smith god and the love goddess got a divorce. But to contrast that, I read they are still together in Roman myths and times. Though I also have contrast to ...
4
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1answer
84 views

Where does Poseidon get called the God of Kin?

I recently came across this title (?) of Poseidon on another question asked on this sight, but have no idea what it means. I have tried a direct Google search, but come up empty handed. The only thing ...