Questions tagged [greek]

For questions about Greek mythology and legends from ancient Greece to the present day.

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1answer
44 views

Are there Evil Sybils or Diviners in Greco-Roman Tradition?

In the Judeo-Christian tradition there are people of Divine Insight who do evil, such as the Diviner Balaam. I'm wondering if there are Greco-Roman examples like this, especially regarding the ...
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2answers
2k views

Was it an option for the Trojans to give Helen back? Why didn't they?

In the Trojan War in Greek Mythology the Greeks spent 10 years fighting to capture Troy, because the Trojan Prince Paris had stolen the Greek King Menelaus' beautiful wife Helen. Finally when the ...
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1answer
462 views

What do we know about Apollo Maleatas?

From Wikipedia: The sanctuary of Apollo Maleatas (Greek: Ἀπόλλων Μαλεάτας) is located on a low hill on Mount Kynortion, east of the sanctuary of Asklepios at Epidaurus. At the peak of the hill was a ...
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2answers
2k views

Is Phoebus an alternate name for Apollo or is a description of Apollo?

Is Phoebus an alternate name for Apollo or is a description of Apollo? In other words, I want to know if Phoebus is a name or simply a common noun that means "light" or "brightness". There was also a ...
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1answer
100 views

A rock on a beach

I've heard of a story in greek mythology, but I am missing a lot of details. Can you help me recover the place where, supposedly, everything happened ? A guy goes alone to a village to steal wine and ...
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2answers
2k views

Why was Odysseus needed for killing the suitors in the Odyssey?

Is his kingdom so short on soldiers that the family can't deal with a few suitors?
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1answer
4k views

Metis' unborn son

In the myth of Athena's birth it is mentioned that Metis' second child would overthrow Zeus. When Zeus swallowed Metis, he prevented the prophecy's fulfillment and Metis never had a son. But what if ...
4
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1answer
871 views

Djinn and devils/demons question

I know that ancient Arabians had a mythology about evil creatures made of dust and fire called djinn, now my question is this: how were they different from Demons and devils?
7
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1answer
312 views

How did Aphrodite's promise of Helen to Paris work?

When Paris was asked to choose a recipient for the Golden Apple of Discord, he accepted Aphrodite's bribe and gave it to her in exchange for Menelaus's wife Helen. Paris later took Helen from Menelaus ...
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1answer
85 views

Where is the Ancient Greek belief of Pre-Existence referenced?

There's a Greek belief about choosing your parents, your life, and the problems in the world. As mentioned in this video. I'm trying to find the full story/myth. Where can I look? TEDxSinCity - Dave ...
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2answers
195 views

When was a pair of Greek and Roman gods first identified?

There is a canonical correspondence between some Greek and Roman gods and goddesses, for example Ares and Mars. However, these two were originally different deities and quite different in nature. My ...
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2answers
250 views

What animal did Demeter transform into?

When Typhon showed up at Olympus, most of the gods fled to Egypt in the form of animals. (Wikipedia is the only place I found what form they took.) Apollo was a hawk, Hermes an ibis, Ares a fish, ...
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How can gods hide themselves from other god's gaze?

I know of Hades with his Helm of Darkness. I know that Athena gave a Helm of Darkness to the hero Perseus and later used it (or another) herself in the Iliad to hid from Ares. Another point in the ...
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1answer
715 views

What did Odysseus and his men do to err Athena?

When Hermes arrives on Ogygia, she asks why he is visiting here: Why have you come to see me, Hermes - honored, and ever welcome - for you do not visit me often?... Retrieved, paragraph 7 Hermes ...
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1answer
160 views

Do gods know all other gods?

In the Odyssey, Hermes takes flight to Ogygia, Calypso's island, at Zeus's command to tell Calypso to let Odysseus go home. When he arrives Calypso recognizes him right away because: the gods all ...
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1answer
2k views

What is the fight between Odysseus and Achilles?

I remember reading in the Odyssey about a bard retelling the story of Odysseus and Achilles having a fight. It had Odysseus put his head down in tears as the bard sang the story. But it didn't say ...
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4answers
444 views

Who is the goddess Kalligeneia?

While exploring Demeter's title Thesmophoros (θεσμός, thesmos: divine order, unwritten law; φόρος, phoros: bringer, bearer) by clicking on the Wikipedia link, I found nothing relating to it. The link, ...
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1answer
161 views

Why was it important that the cattle have 'never yet felt the goad?'

In the Iliad, book 6, there is a line were Hector is speaking to his mother. "...Get the matrons together, and go with offerings to the temple of Athena driver of the spoil; there, upon the knees ...
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707 views

Why does Perseus carry a sickle instead of a sword?

Perseus armed with a sickle has a well established iconography in Greek mythology: From Theoi.com: But why does Perseus carry this "weapon" instead of a proper sword, like it is shown in later ...
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1k views

What kinds of love do individual Greek gods represent?

The Greeks had four concepts for love: éros (ἔρος), storgē (στοργή), philía (φιλία) and agápe (ἀγάπη). Eros being passionate love or romantic love. Storge means love between good friends and family. ...
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2answers
6k views

How did Perseus die?

I'd like to know of any myths surrounding Perseus' death (the same Perseus that killed Medusa), but Wikipedia only mentions this line about it: According to Hyginus, Fabulae 244, Megapenthes ...
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1answer
340 views

Why did Zeus take half the goodness out of a man?

I found something online mentioning a passage from the Odyssey, Book XVII. I checked it against my own Odyssey translated by Samuel Butler. The passage holds true. "...Servants never do their work ...
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1answer
797 views

How did Aphrodite even help the Trojans during the Trojan war?

I am a Latin student, and currently studying the Trojan war myths How could Aphrodite, being the goddess of love (being almost as far from a war goddess as possible) help Paris and the Trojans ...
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4answers
8k views

What kind of dog breed would Cerberus be?

There are countless depictions of Cerberus with various number of heads or additional parts such as snake heads or tails. Some even say that Cerberus did not refer to a dog or hound at all, but rather ...
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1answer
147 views

What does Ulysses Pidytes of Percote mean?

I just opened my Iliad et Odyssey (Translated by Samuel Butler), and I saw this... Polypoetes then killed Astyalus, Ulysses Pidytes of Percote, and Teucer Aretaon. The Iliad, Book VI, page 98 This ...
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1answer
768 views

Where are there female centaurs in mythology?

A few months ago, I was reading the Metamorphoses by Ovid (translator unknown). At a time I was reading it just to get through it because it wasn't what I expected (still read it though, albeit not ...
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1answer
134 views

What deities did only one city/state recognize?

In research of past questions, I came across Eleos. Eleos is the personified daemon (lesser/inferior god) of piety, mercy, clemency (leniency), and compassion. She was always depicted as a young woman ...
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2answers
2k views

Does hubris have an opposite?

Hubris is a Greek term that means excessive/deadly pride or arrogance before the gods. She is also a personified daemon. Soon after one succumbs to Hubris, Nemesis enacts retribution. Since hubris is ...
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1answer
93 views

How does Philomela get the tapestry to Procne?

Philomela was a princess of Athens and the sister of Procne, queen of Thrace (married to Tereus, the king of Thrace). In the fifth year of their marriage, Procne expressed a desire to see her sister. ...
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559 views

Who kept the Cumaean Sybil in a jar (ampulla)?

I have previously asked a question about the Virgin of Cumae, or the Cumaean Sybil, so the info will, for the most part, just be a memorize and type deal. The Virgin of Cumae was a priestess with the ...
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78 views

What were author's explanation for Oedipus solving the more ancient of the riddles?

The riddle we all know is- What creature walks on 4 legs in the morning, 2 in the afternoon and 3 in the evening? The answer is a human in relation to the stages of life. The second, and possibly ...
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1answer
67 views

Is it a tapestry or a scroll?

I have always known it as the Fates creating a Tapestry of Fate. But an answer to a previous question states that Ovid called it a scroll of fate. ... and he remembered in the scroll of fate, ...
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1answer
579 views

Does anyone else sample the food of the Underworld?

Most of us know the story behind the seasons in Greek Mythology, but just to recap... Hades kidnapped the daughter of Demeter, Persephone. Demeter went in search for her, lead by Hecate's torches. ...
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1answer
223 views

Are Minos and the Minotaur duplication of the same figure?

While reading the story of Minos and the Minotaur, I noticed that both of them have nearly identical origins: Both are sired by a white bull (a transformed Zeus or a gift from Poseidon) Their mother ...
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1answer
301 views

When has Zeus shown wisdom?

Zeus swallowed his wife Metis, titan of Wisdom, because he feared the prophecy that a son between the two of them would overrule him. It is then said that Metis became the source of Zeus's wisdom. ...
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3answers
297 views

Are there any myths where a woman dies in childbirth?

In Greek culture, it was frowned upon (to put it lightly) for a woman to die during child birth. Are any myths told of a woman dying during child birth? Did the mother dying have any effect on the ...
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1answer
235 views

When was the pool of Mnemosyne first mentioned as part of the Underworld waters?

Beyond lay Erebus, which could be taken for a euphonym of Hades, whose own name was dread. There were two pools, that of Lethe, where the common souls flocked to erase all memory, and the pool of ...
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771 views

How did Hades get Kerberos?

Kerberos (Latin: Cerberus) is the three headed dog that guards the entrance of the Underworld. He is most known for being captured by Heracles for his 12th labor. But it is never mentioned how ...
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Who was served his own children cut into pieces?

I'm looking for the name an ancient man who was subject to being served his own children in pieces and eating them unknowingly. He was invited for dinner by the king where this took place. Later, he ...
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1answer
57 views

Was it believed that nymphs were present in every river?

Nymphs, for the most part, are nature spirits that inhabit a number of region in nature. Most popularly known are river nymphs. Did the Greeks believed nymphs were present in every river?
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93 views

Is there a myth were Heracles chooses duty over pleasure?

Last year, I was handed a worksheet. It was an excerpt of an autobiography if I recall correctly. One part I remember in particular involved Heracles, that he was given a choice between duty and ...
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Are there any other Greek gods/goddesses that actually remained loyal to their counterpart?

Cheating on one's significant other is common in Greek Myth. I have only found four gods that remain faithful: Hera, Amphitrite, Eros and Psyche (while gods that didn't marry can't exactly cheat). ...
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2answers
2k views

Original Myth and translation of Hades asking to kidnap Persephone

Allow me to clarify. I found an interesting choice words on the Wikipedia article on Hades. Hades obtained his wife and queen, Persephone, through abduction at the behest of Zeus. Retrieved 4/19/2018 ...
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2answers
425 views

Who was Thalia's mother?

I do not mean Thalia the muse/grace/nereid. I speak of Thalia the nymph, daughter of Hephaestus. She has a stub Wikipedia page that says Zeus forced he in the form of an eagle and buried her body to ...
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1answer
240 views

Who wrote about gorgon's blood?

I came across a portion of Myth a while back. It said something like gorgon's blood taken from one side of the body can heal any malady but the other side can kill instantly. Who is this writing (for ...
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1answer
687 views

What is the Myth that had Shakespeare inspired to write Romeo and Juliet?

In my last question, I mentioned a love story that Shakespeare based his Romeo and Juliet story on. I said I tried and failed to find their names. The following is what I know of this story. They ...
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2answers
585 views

Are there any love stories in Greek myth that don't have one or both dying?

Phaedra and Hippolytus: Phaedra is cursed to love her own stepson Hippolytus, who dies. Galatea and Acis: Galatea attracts the love of Polyphemus, who kills her lover Acis. Hero and Leander live on ...
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1answer
278 views

Which version of the Ariadne Myth was written/told first?

Ariadne was a daughter of Minos. She helped Theseus traverse the labyrinth in exchange to be taken with him away. In one version, Dionysus tells Theseus that he wants Ariadne and to leave her on an ...
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1answer
1k views

What does Hesiod mean by “babies will be born with gray hair” in the Iron Age?

I found this on the Ages of Man Wikipedia article, in the section about Hesiod's Five Ages: At the height of this age, humans no longer feel shame or indignation at wrongdoing; babies will be born ...
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1answer
77 views

Why did Hera tell Dryope to kidnap Hylas?

I found a page with a number of Dryope from Greek Mythology. One of them says a nymph (possibly a different one from my last question) of the name was told by Hera to kidnap Hylas. On the Hylas page, ...

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