Questions tagged [greek]

For questions about Greek mythology and legends from ancient Greece to the present day.

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6
votes
0answers
68 views

Did the Greeks have an offering of blood, wine and milk, similar to the Cretan one?

So I found this big old book about ancient cultures and in it, the typical offering on Crete was blood, wine and milk. Mixed together in a big bowl. The book describes the mix as a symbol for the ...
6
votes
1answer
149 views

Did the inhabitants of the ancient Near East believe in an ocean in the sky?

An ocean in the sky shows up quite a lot in depictions, for example Psalms 148:4: Praise him, you highest heavens, and you waters above the heavens! But finding good evidence for it in Egyptian ...
9
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2answers
141 views

Who makes ambrosia?

I recently read that ambrosia, the food of the gods, is brought to Olympus by doves. But, who makes it? Is it natural to the earth (i.e. a plant)? Is there a deity that makes it and sends the doves to ...
6
votes
1answer
281 views

How were titans viewed by ancient Greeks?

Prometheus was a Titan. He helped people several times. But was he praised as a god would be? Gaia was the very mother Earth. Was she loved as any other goddess would be? Atlas held the sky up from ...
2
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0answers
69 views

Humans and Ages of Man [closed]

I'm a little confused. In the Golden Age, it is said that humans and deities lived harmoniously, also living long lives. In the Silver Age, Zeus said that humans will live 100 years as children. But, ...
8
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1answer
175 views

Did the manticore always have a human head?

I am not very fond of depictions of manticores with a human head or face. Did the manticore always have a human head, or is it an influence from the sphinx, or some other monster?
4
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1answer
125 views

The interruption of the duel in the Iliad

I remember there is a point in the Iliad where they try to put an end to the war. They have two men, one from each side, fight each other to see who gets to keep Helen and her riches. The Achaean ...
6
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2answers
683 views

How did Agamemnon win the hand of Helen for his brother?

I don't remember where I read this, but I've got the feeling that Agamemnon, somehow won Helen for his little brother Menelaus. If so, how did he do it? If not, then how was Helen's suitor chosen?
-2
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1answer
104 views

When did wings become an attribute to these creatures? [closed]

Manticore- head of a human, body of a lion, tail of poisonous spines Chimera- head of a lion and goat, snake/dragon as a tail, breaths fire Yet, when images are drawn of these creatures, they have ...
6
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1answer
85 views

Is Homer a good overview, or an encompassing view, of Greek Mythology?

I read philosophy, and so often is Homer referenced as giving extraordinary accounts of Greek Mythology, and it seems that he might as well be the standard for the gospel. Do his books delve deep into ...
5
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1answer
119 views

What do we know about the winged male figures representing the souls of warriors in the weighing of souls?

The pictured black-figured lekythos features Hermes (in his role as a psychopomp), weighing the souls of Achilles and a Trojan warrior (Memnon or Hector): What I find particularly interesting in the ...
8
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1answer
591 views

Why does Ino help Odysseus?

In Book V of the Odyssey, Ino saves Odysseus from drowning by giving him a magic veil. Why? Ino is a water deity, I'd expect her to be aligned with Poseidon's wishes. What reason does she have to ...
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0answers
85 views

Why are some daemons not labeled as gods?

The original meaning (and spelling) of daemon was inferior god (lesser deity). Kind of like titan meaning Stretchers or Strainers. Daemones are also called personified spirits. Examples: ...
8
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1answer
425 views

Identifying the places in the Odyssey

I suppose there have been academic attempts to identify all the places mentioned in the Odyssey by Homer, specially after Heinrich Schliemann found Troy. I would like to know if there's any kind of ...
6
votes
1answer
171 views

Did Greeks bow to their gods?

Is there an instance in which a Greek (or related, Roman, Trojan...) would bow to a god if they appeared? I would think not. Iliad Athena appears to Achilles, did not bow. Athena appears to Odysseus,...
6
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1answer
1k views

What is the source of the story of Hades trapping Pirithous and Theseus in the Chairs of Forgetfulness?

Apparently, there is a version of the Pirithous and Theseus story that has Hades trapping the pair in the Underworld by having them sit on the Chairs of Forgetfulness: This happened, some think, ...
7
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1answer
156 views

What are the 365 virtues?

I was researching and I came across Abraxas, a daemon(inferior god), an archon, an aeon, the "Supreme" god, an angel... He has a place in many mythologies, and the number 365 keeps coming up. 365 ...
2
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4answers
4k views

Is there a connection between Odin or Zeus and the Christian God?

Could the Norse Odin or the Greek Zeus be Christianity's "The Creator" and father of Jesus?
5
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2answers
269 views

If the Trojans had a different language than the Achaeans, does this mean they spoke the same as Queen Dido?

I have previously asked if the Trojans called the gods by their Greek names (Athena, Demeter...) or their Roman names (Minerva, Ceres...). I was told they had their own language and the two sides had ...
5
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1answer
48 views

How were children of Oceanus king and queen?

Before the Titan Kronos and his sister/wife Rhea became rulers of the heavens, Ophion and Eurynome were so. But, how did that occur when Ouranos/Uranus was king? He was only dethroned when Kronos ...
5
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1answer
113 views

Why doesn't Sisyphus try to escape?

In the myth of Sisyphus, he pushes a boulder up a hill for all eternity because it keeps falling back down. My question is, why doesn't Sisyphus ever break the conditioning and leave?
5
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1answer
475 views

Why does Hector accept Achilles' challenge?

The first time Hector meets Achilles on the battlefield, in Book IX of the Iliad, he is prudent enough to avoid dueling the Myrmidon superhero. However, in Book XXII Hector decides to face Achilles in ...
8
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1answer
598 views

What is the significance of the three stars in Ruben's Saturn painting?

What is the significance of the three stars in Peter Paul Ruben's Saturn devouring a Son painting?
5
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1answer
426 views

Why is Heracles in the Underworld?

Odysseys during his travel to the Underworld in Book XI of the Odyssey meets the "phantom" of the deified Heracles: And after him I marked the mighty Heracles—his phantom; for he himself among the ...
10
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1answer
328 views

Why did the primordial deities not take an active role in Greek mythology?

The vast majority of Greek myths I'm familiar with concern the Olympians, the third generation of deities. The first generation seems to disappear from the story after their role in setting the scene ...
7
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1answer
101 views

Is Greek mythology derivative of/influence by Ugartic/Canaanite mythology?

I know that the character of 'Adonis' is of Phoenician origin, but there are many other parallels which are too many to be ignored: Phosporus- Shahar Hesperus- Shalim Zeus/Poseidon/Hades- Baal/Yamm/...
7
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2answers
4k views

Is there a Greek god/goddess of freedom?

according to Wikipedia, Ananke is the personification of inevitability, compulsion and necessity. She is often depicted holding a spindle. One of the Greek primodorial deities, Ananke marks the ...
8
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2answers
870 views

Were Greek deities omniscient, like the God of Abrahamic faiths?

Did the ancient Greeks consider their deities to be omniscient? Hence does Greek mythology claim to be the definite truth like other religions often do and might this leave more room to question and ...
-1
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1answer
66 views

The Amazons, for research

I'm writing a novel and would appreciate it if someone would tell me how the Amazons (Mythical woman warriors) lived. Like, what were their practices and what their culture was.
9
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1answer
3k views

What did Achilles look like?

(So there is this controversy about a black guy playing Achilles in some new show. Which made me wonder...) What did Achilles look like? Can we say how Achilles really looked? (From what I remember ...
6
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1answer
983 views

Dionysus sacrifice for humanity

I have read that there are parallels between Greek mythology of Dionysus' sacrifice to humanity and Christian belief surrounding the crucifixion of Jesus. What mythology is there concerning Dionysus,...
7
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1answer
197 views

Is the Cumaean Sybil known by any other name?

Warning- Extremely deep in Greek/Roman myth. The Virgin of Cumae, or the Cumaean Sybil, was a priestess with the gift of prophecy. She would write her prophecies on oak leaves an arrange them. But, ...
10
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2answers
602 views

How did Odysseus's ship get wrecked, and how did Odysseus himself land to Ogygia?

I have tried to read Homer's Odyssey and commentaries to find out details about how Odysseus's shipwreck happened, how many men were involved and saved and so forth. It looks like the first book ...
8
votes
1answer
58 views

Are there any pre-Philostratus accounts of Apollonius of Tyana?

I am interested in the life of Apollonius of Tyana, but the account by Philostratus seems a little late. Are there any other accounts of Apollonius outside Philostratus, either before him, or ...
10
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5answers
267 views

What treasure was made by famous mortal men, who we know by name, in Greek mythology?

The stories of ancient Greek mythology mention many cases when mortal men use treasure forged by gods, usually by Hēphaistos. The most famous example might be the armor of Achilleus, which Odysseus ...
5
votes
1answer
108 views

What is the nature of Athena's relationship to the Furies?

There is, of course, the famous interaction and reconciliation in Aeschylus' The Kindly Ones (part 3 of the Oresteia), but does it go deeper than that?
2
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1answer
386 views

What are all the triads of Greek mythology? [closed]

There are the big three: Hades, Poseidon, Zeus. Furthermore, the Fates, the Furies, the judges of the Underworld, the elder Cyclopes, the Hecatoncheires and the Oneiroi. There are also three rules of ...
2
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2answers
666 views

Did the Trojans worship the gods by their Greek or Roman names?

In the Iliad by Homer(and relating stories by him about the Trojan War), all the god's names are Greek. But in the Aeneid by Virgil, a story that takes place immediately during and after the fall of ...
4
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2answers
92 views

What/Which minor gods/spirits are associated with Dionysus?

I know of: Gelos (divine personification of laughter) Comus (god of festivities, revels, and late-night hookups) - Agathodaemon (daemon of vinyards and grainfields). Are there any others?
4
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1answer
173 views

Why is Aether shown battling a lion-headed giant?

In this picture, the primordial god of the upper air, Aether, is depicted wrestling a lion-headed giant. Is there a myth/story for this anywhere?
5
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3answers
950 views

Who did Zeus punish by having poison/acid dripped on them?

I am not sure if this is a real myth, as I learned about it from a Tumblr post: charlesoberonn: Hades was the least evil entity in the entire Greek pantheon. Just look at the ...
4
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0answers
144 views

Parallels between Hecate and the Devil?

Hecate was associated with crossroads, just as the devil was. Do the similarities end there? Could Hecate qualify as a devil figure?
3
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1answer
166 views

How would a body be prepared for the Greek afterlife?

The only thing I know is that one must place a coin under the tongue to pay Charon, the ferry man of the Underworld.
3
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1answer
49 views

What minor gods are linked to Demeter?

I ask about those who would fall under the category with Triptolemus, whom helped Demeter teach mortals about agriculture.
3
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2answers
2k views

How is Hermes linked to Odin?

The Wikipedia article on Hermes says Odin is his Norse equivalent. Can anyone expand on that?
8
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1answer
216 views

Could Achilles have killed Hector at a later time?

Achilles was given two choices by his mother, either stay and die with imperishable fame or leave the war and live a life of peace. When he heard Hector killed Patroclus, to escape his fate and take ...
4
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1answer
434 views

How do Dionysus and Jesus relate?

I was reading Dan Brown and found out that Dionysus's birthday (I assume 2nd birth from Zeus's calf) is the same as Jesus. What similarities do they share other than this?
5
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1answer
563 views

Was Orion, the huntsman, gay?

In this retelling of the Artemis and Orion myth, it says: Orion loved the women as if he were their brother, and with the men he formed his most intimate and physically satisfying attachments. Was ...
7
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2answers
374 views

Is there an Egyptian Old Man of the Sea?

In Book VI of the Odyssey, the sea-nymph Eidothea identifies her father Proteus, the Old Man of the Sea, as an Egyptian: "'Stranger,' replied she, 'I will make it all quite clear to you. There is ...
6
votes
1answer
452 views

Is there a tale of Zeus having sex with a deer?

I heard about a myth saying Zeus had sex with a deer, but after hours of research, I hold nothing. Can anyone tell me of this myth? I am especially interested in acquiring any information about a ...