Questions tagged [greek]

For questions about Greek mythology and legends from ancient Greece to the present day.

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10
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2answers
736 views

How did Odysseus's ship get wrecked, and how did Odysseus himself land to Ogygia?

I have tried to read Homer's Odyssey and commentaries to find out details about how Odysseus's shipwreck happened, how many men were involved and saved and so forth. It looks like the first book ...
8
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1answer
61 views

Are there any pre-Philostratus accounts of Apollonius of Tyana?

I am interested in the life of Apollonius of Tyana, but the account by Philostratus seems a little late. Are there any other accounts of Apollonius outside Philostratus, either before him, or ...
10
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5answers
275 views

What treasure was made by famous mortal men, who we know by name, in Greek mythology?

The stories of ancient Greek mythology mention many cases when mortal men use treasure forged by gods, usually by Hēphaistos. The most famous example might be the armor of Achilleus, which Odysseus ...
5
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1answer
122 views

What is the nature of Athena's relationship to the Furies?

There is, of course, the famous interaction and reconciliation in Aeschylus' The Kindly Ones (part 3 of the Oresteia), but does it go deeper than that?
2
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1answer
452 views

What are all the triads of Greek mythology? [closed]

There are the big three: Hades, Poseidon, Zeus. Furthermore, the Fates, the Furies, the judges of the Underworld, the elder Cyclopes, the Hecatoncheires and the Oneiroi. There are also three rules of ...
2
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2answers
778 views

Did the Trojans worship the gods by their Greek or Roman names?

In the Iliad by Homer(and relating stories by him about the Trojan War), all the god's names are Greek. But in the Aeneid by Virgil, a story that takes place immediately during and after the fall of ...
4
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2answers
102 views

What/Which minor gods/spirits are associated with Dionysus?

I know of: Gelos (divine personification of laughter) Comus (god of festivities, revels, and late-night hookups) - Agathodaemon (daemon of vinyards and grainfields). Are there any others?
4
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1answer
190 views

Why is Aether shown battling a lion-headed giant?

In this picture, the primordial god of the upper air, Aether, is depicted wrestling a lion-headed giant. Is there a myth/story for this anywhere?
5
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3answers
1k views

Who did Zeus punish by having poison/acid dripped on them?

I am not sure if this is a real myth, as I learned about it from a Tumblr post: charlesoberonn: Hades was the least evil entity in the entire Greek pantheon. Just look at the ...
4
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0answers
169 views

Parallels between Hecate and the Devil?

Hecate was associated with crossroads, just as the devil was. Do the similarities end there? Could Hecate qualify as a devil figure?
3
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1answer
188 views

How would a body be prepared for the Greek afterlife?

The only thing I know is that one must place a coin under the tongue to pay Charon, the ferry man of the Underworld.
3
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1answer
49 views

What minor gods are linked to Demeter?

I ask about those who would fall under the category with Triptolemus, whom helped Demeter teach mortals about agriculture.
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2answers
2k views

How is Hermes linked to Odin?

The Wikipedia article on Hermes says Odin is his Norse equivalent. Can anyone expand on that?
8
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1answer
217 views

Could Achilles have killed Hector at a later time?

Achilles was given two choices by his mother, either stay and die with imperishable fame or leave the war and live a life of peace. When he heard Hector killed Patroclus, to escape his fate and take ...
4
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1answer
548 views

How do Dionysus and Jesus relate?

I was reading Dan Brown and found out that Dionysus's birthday (I assume 2nd birth from Zeus's calf) is the same as Jesus. What similarities do they share other than this?
5
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1answer
605 views

Was Orion, the huntsman, gay?

In this retelling of the Artemis and Orion myth, it says: Orion loved the women as if he were their brother, and with the men he formed his most intimate and physically satisfying attachments. Was ...
7
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2answers
409 views

Is there an Egyptian Old Man of the Sea?

In Book VI of the Odyssey, the sea-nymph Eidothea identifies her father Proteus, the Old Man of the Sea, as an Egyptian: "'Stranger,' replied she, 'I will make it all quite clear to you. There is ...
6
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1answer
529 views

Is there a tale of Zeus having sex with a deer?

I heard about a myth saying Zeus had sex with a deer, but after hours of research, I hold nothing. Can anyone tell me of this myth? I am especially interested in acquiring any information about a ...
5
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2answers
337 views

Are Krishna and Hermes related?

Both gods have legends involving extraordinary powers as children. This link discusses the infant Krishna, as an incarnation of Vishnu, instructing his father Vasudeva on how to escape the wrath of ...
6
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1answer
231 views

Could the weapons of the gods be used against them?

Ethan's answer to the How did Athena keep from being turned into stone by her shield? question puts forth an interesting idea: Athena probably wouldn't have been turned to stone from Medusa's head ...
8
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1answer
585 views

What happens to dryads when their tree is destroyed?

What happens to dryads, the tree nymphs of Greek mythology, when their tree is cut down, burned or otherwise destroyed? Do they die or do they move on to a new tree?
12
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4answers
2k views

Is it Heracles or Herakles?

In the question, "What happened to Theseus after Heracles found him" that I answered, someone edited my answer and replaced Heracles with Herakles. I was confused because when I searched up Heracles ...
10
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2answers
3k views

How did Pan die?

From bleh's answer in Can the Greek Gods Be "Killed"?, I learned that Pan is dead 1: He returned no answer to the first calls; but at the third he replied, Here ! here! I am the man. Then ...
9
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2answers
475 views

Is there a story that places the Amazons against Ares?

In the 2017 film Wonder Woman, and I assume the comics featuring the eponymous character, the Amazons are associated with Zeus and Ares is their adversary. This is bizarre. The Amazons are a warlike ...
4
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1answer
120 views

Why is Plato singling out Hestia, Zeus and Athena in Laws?

In Book 5 of Laws, Plato is singling out Hestia, Zeus and Athena while describing the ideal city: The next thing to be noted is, that the city should be placed as nearly as possible in the centre ...
8
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1answer
233 views

Did the gods think Poseidōn's vengeance on Odysseus was just excessive, or entirely unfair?

The beginning of the Odyssey, the Olympian gods all want to allow Odysseus to return from his long exile, only Poseidōn is against that. So Zeus, as king of the gods, overrules Poseidōn on Athēnē's ...
5
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1answer
128 views

What is the story of Dionysus' shipwreck?

Dionysus Shipwrecked is a lost comedy, written either by Aristophanes or by Archippus. Regardless of authorship, the title suggests the play revolved around a story of Dionysus being shipwrecked. Has ...
12
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1answer
868 views

Why does Medea escape punishment?

Medea murders her brother Absyrtus to facilitate her's and Jason's escape from Colchis. In some versions of the myth - most notably in Euripides's eponymous play - she also murders her sons to revenge ...
8
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2answers
710 views

Who had a “sister wife” in Greek mythology?

The term "sister wife" occurs in ancient Greek literature, in reference to a woman who is both a wife and a (full-or-half) sister of her husband, but my question is in regards to Greek mythology: Who ...
6
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1answer
810 views

Stories of living people that journeyed into the underworld and back?

This is inspired from: What items are necessary for a mortal to travel safely in the underworld? Which living people made it into the underworld and back? What are their stories, and what ...
7
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2answers
274 views

What items are necessary for a mortal to travel safely in the underworld?

I am currently working on a performance where the hero has to make it through the underworld and back. I am assuming there are things such a traveller could bring with them to safely complete the ...
4
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2answers
2k views

Why is Dante using Geryon as a symbol of fraud?

In Greek mythology, Geryon was a three-headed (or three-bodied) giant Hercules slew during one of his labors. Dante places him in the seventh circle of hell and presents him as a manifestation of ...
10
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1answer
178 views

Why does archaic mythic literature undercut its own pretensions to explain origins?

The myth of Prometheus is commonly understood to account for how humanity first came to possess fire. Likewise the mythic content of the Homeric Hymn to Demeter is commonly understood to account for ...
11
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2answers
324 views

Why did Heracles transform into a fawn, during the gods flight to Egypt?

In some tellings of Typhon's revolt, the gods take animal forms and flee to Egypt in panic. The version in the Metamorphoses of Antoninus Liberalis references Nicander of Colophon and explicitly ...
8
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1answer
178 views

Did the power of Zeus grow considerably after the Titanomachy?

In my previous question, I learned of Typhon's revolt against Zeus. What puzzles me is how Zeus managed to overcome the monstrous giant without any help from the Olympians, or anyone else. In the ...
10
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2answers
374 views

What is the origin of the centaurs?

Can someone please explain to me how centaurs were created? Does it seem weird to anyone else that we know about it, but we don't know the full story?
8
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2answers
2k views

Was the rule of Zeus ever challenged?

Zeus became king of the gods and absolute ruler of the cosmos when he overthrew his father Cronus in the Titanomachy. I wonder if his reign was ever challenged after that?
6
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1answer
118 views

What are some examples of ten-year-long cycles?

There are some very famous decade-long cycles in Greek epic poetry: Both the Titanomachy and the Trojan War lasted for ten years, and when the latter ended it took Odysseus another ten years to return ...
9
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2answers
609 views

Why would Aphrodite be armed?

Pausanias tells us that the Spartans worshipped Aphrodite Hoplismeni (~armed) and Aphrodite Areia (~of Ares, warlike): [Paus. 3.15.10] Not far from the theatre is a sanctuary of Poseidon God of ...
8
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3answers
1k views

Why did the gods demand Iphigenia's sacrifice?

In the Greek drama (?) Iphigenia, in order to be able to go on a war against Troy, the Greeks need wind, and for the wind, they need to sacrifice Agamemnon's daughter (the gods demand it). Menelaus ...
4
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1answer
628 views

How long was the voyage of the Argonauts?

Is there any indication in the Argonautica or any other ancient telling of the myth of roughly how long it took Jason and his Argonauts to travel from Iolcos to Colchis and back?
11
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4answers
12k views

What is the symbolism behind Psyche's tasks?

The taskmaster in the story of Cupid and Psyche was Cupid's mother, the love goddess Venus or Aphrodite. Venus had never liked Psyche, so the opportunity of putting her to a series of tests gave Venus ...
5
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1answer
111 views

How to interpret Roger Lancelyn Green's writing on mythology?

I know he's a famous children's writer and an Oxford academic who has rewritten a number of introductory books to Greek myths and other mythological works such as the Tale of Troy and King Arthur and ...
12
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4answers
19k views

Achilles and his gold?

In the song "Something Just Like This," by Coldplay and the Chainsmokers, there's a line that says: I've been reading books of old The legends and the myths. Achilles and his gold, ...
10
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2answers
293 views

Use of the terms “Dīs” and “Orcus” in the Aeneid

The common terms used to refer to the Greek/Roman god of death are Hades or Pluto, yet in the Aeneid, the god of death is commonly referred to as Dīs. Further, the realm of Hades (the Underworld, ...
6
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2answers
611 views

Is there an authoritative compendium of Greek mythology?

I've always been interested in Greek mythology, but in my country we don't have the kind of standalone college courses you find in the US, and I've never been able to find resources that seemed ...
4
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1answer
280 views

Most gods in Egyptian pantheons are with animal faces? [duplicate]

Why there are gods with animal faces but human bodies in Egyptian pantheons? Are they out-numbered the human-faced ones? From biological perspective human is weak in physical (body) but strong in ...
9
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2answers
176 views

What sources describe the rivers of the Underworld?

Many stories about the Greco-Roman Underworld mention the rivers flowing through it: the Styx, the Acheron, the Lethe, the Pyriphlegethon, the Cocytus, the Eridanus, and sometimes others. Sources ...
11
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2answers
2k views

Which Greek or Roman deities have dominion over Time?

Most concepts seem to have a particular deity unambiguously associated with them. But Time, fundamental as it is, does not—in the Greek pantheon, for example, there is Chronus, later conflated with ...
3
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0answers
149 views

Is the “half-goddess” Hel distinct among mythical rulers of the underworld?

By this I mean, there is a definite parallel between Hel and other underworld goddesses, Kore/Persephone in particular, although the concept may be extended to Inanna/Geshtinanna, who Gaiman regards ...