Questions tagged [greek]

For questions about Greek mythology and legends from ancient Greece to the present day.

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8
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2answers
349 views

Was divination a job reserved to women?

In Greek and Roman mythology, most of the famous oracles I've heard of were female. The Oracle of Delphi (Pythia) The Cumaean Sibyl (who sold books of prophecies to the king of Rome Tarquinius) ...
9
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1answer
279 views

Why did Ovid omit the Heroic Age?

According to Wikipedia, Ovid's Four Ages of Man are very similar to Hesiod's Five Ages Man, with the exception of the Heroic Age. Why didn't Ovid include the Heroic Age?
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1answer
858 views

Which age do we live in, according to Hesiod?

There are five ages of man according to Hesiod: Golden Age, Silver, Bronze, Iron, and Age of Heroes. Which one are we currently in as of today?
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2answers
1k views

Why was Astyanax thrown from the wall?

There are several conflicting accounts of the death of baby Scamandrius (aka Astyanax), son Hector and Andromache, but several important sources, including Pausanias [Descriptions of Greece, 10.25.9], ...
9
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1answer
112 views

Why did Dudo consider the Greeks to be the ancestors of the Danes?

In the first book of the Gesta Danorum, Saxo Grammaticus tells us that "Dudo, the historian of Normandy, considers that the Danes are sprung and named from the Danai" 1. Dudo is presumambly Dudo of ...
8
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1answer
261 views

Why is Diana a Huntress?

Everyone knows that Diana, as well as her Greek parallel Artemis, are hunter goddesses, but few seem to know why. From where does this association originate?
3
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1answer
107 views

Eros Has Two (or More) Mommies. Is there a “right” one?

I had always believed from previous readings that Eros (Cupid), the archer-god of love, was the son of Aphrodite, and his father wasn't mentioned. I now read in Eros's entry on Theoi.com that his ...
3
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2answers
377 views

Who are the twelve Olympian gods?

Everyone agrees that there are twelve Olympians, but the identities of the twelve seems to vary. What is the deal?
4
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1answer
2k views

What is the good and the evil in the Pandora's Box story?

I have a essay to do on the Pandora's Box, but I get confused on which is the good and which is the evil. But I have the story where Hope also gets into the world, so its a little different.
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1answer
2k views

How is Wonder Woman related to the Amazons of Greek Mythology and Atlantis?

Does anyone have any real proof not from comics or movies that Diana of Themyscira is an actual figure from mythology? How does Atlantis relate to this? For background, Diana of Themyscira is name ...
6
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3answers
555 views

Who was the Greek god Iudaios?

I keep getting references to this deity (they cite the work of Wilhelm Heinrich Roscher "Detailed dictionary of Greek and Roman mythology") in some websites regarding it as the origin of the word ...
3
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2answers
2k views

Where do satyrs and fauns come from?

Gods and monsters are (usually) born. What about satyrs and fauns? Were they created? Born? I'm tagging Greek and Roman mythology, but open to other mythologies as well.
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1answer
830 views

How rich was Croesus?

My grandparents, who were fortunate to come from the generation when the classics were still at the core of education, often used the phrase "rich as Croesus". But how rich was Croesus?
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1answer
383 views

Do we know what stories Boios collected in Ornithogonia?

The story of Polyphonte and her cannibal sons survives in only one source, the Metamorphoses of Antoninus Liberalis. Antoninus cites Boios' lost collection of metamorphosis myths Ornithogonia as the ...
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1answer
2k views

Are there any Greek myths of a god permanently turning into a mortal as punishment?

I'm looking for a Greek myth in which an immortal god, no matter how minor, turns into a mortal immediately because of a punishment. Things I am not looking for: A temporary punishment- Apollo ...
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2answers
1k views

Why is the virgin goddess Artemis associated with childbirth?

Orphic Hymn I to Prothyrea ("Προθυραία"), identifies Artemis as the goddess of childbirth, and relegates Eileithyia to the role of "assisting goddess": O venerable goddess, hear my pray'r, For ...
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1answer
1k views

Why was Dionysus, a dying and rising god, called thrice-born?

Of the many epithets used to describe Dionysus in Orphic Hymn XXIX, thrice begotten ("τρίγονον" in the original) stands out: Bacchus I call, loud-sounding and divine, Fanatic God, a two-fold ...
5
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1answer
792 views

Why was Baal Hammon identified with Cronus/Saturn?

Greeks identified the Carthaginian Baal Hammon with Cronus, and Romans, in turn, with Saturn. Why was that? Did Baal Hammon share any attributes with Cronus/Saturn?
5
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1answer
207 views

What is the name of the lake in Frogs?

In Aristophanes' Frogs, Dionysus crosses a lake to reach Hades. The lake is where we first (and last) meet the eponymous frogs of the play, and Aristophanes does not name it. We do know, however, that ...
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2answers
813 views

Would the gods often take the form of another god?

Greek mythology is full of stories where gods would disguise themselves as humans, beasts or elements to deceive humans. Especially with Zeus, this appears to be a favourite plot element. A ...
4
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1answer
745 views

What are the main differences of the Orphic theogonies?

Wikipedia records four distinct Orphic theogonies: The "Protogonos Theogony", lost, composed c. 500 BC which is known through the commentary in the Derveni papyrus and references in classical ...
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1answer
130 views

What Phoenician story could be the inspiration of the cosmic story of five Titanes?

This is from Bleh's answer (quoting theoi.com): The cosmic story of five Titanes--four holding the corners of heaven--may be Phoenician in origin. What Phoenician story could be the basis for the ...
14
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1answer
512 views

Greek/Latin mythology with two brothers who die as reward for hard labor

I have heard this particular greek/latin myth in school but I can't quite recall what it was called. Can you perhaps help me find it. So as far as I can recall the myth went as follows: Two brothers ...
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1answer
6k views

Are there any children of Hades?

Are there any known children of Hades (god or mortal)? If there are any mortal children of Hades, would they have abilities related to spirits and souls?
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How invincible was Achilles really?

We also know the stories of Thetis dipping her son in the river Styx to make him nigh-invulnerable, but there is conflicting evidence. Those who have read the Iliad may remember the incident with ...
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1answer
218 views

Are there any similarities between the Deucalion/Pyrrha myth and Cadmus?

Specifically, both parties "grow" people by sowing "bones": Deucalion and Pyrrha sow "the bones of [their] mother" which is interpreted as being "mother earth" and thus rocks. Thus they repopulated ...
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1answer
1k views

What are the differences between the Greek Hestia and the Roman Vesta with regards to both mythology and worship?

I recall reading about Vesta, and I believe that, like Mars and Saturn, she was more important to the Roman pantheon than the Greek. I'd like to know what the differences were between Vesta and Hestia....
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1answer
118 views

What does “distributing by lot” mean among Apollo's epithets?

I've often seen the word "Clerius" (Κληριος, "Klêrios") listed as an epithet of the Greek god Apollo, translated to "Distributing by Lot". I've searched a lot for the possible meanings of this phrase,...
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2answers
3k views

Odin's Counterpart

I have always wondered are: Odin, Mercury, Hermes, Thoth the same person? If so, why they are celebrated by different cultures and praised by different myths? I am in love with these deities...
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1answer
2k views

Why wasn't Poseidon turned into stone?

"She [Medousa], it's said, was violated in Minerva's [Athena's] shrine by the Lord of the Sea (Rector Pelagi) [Poseidon]. Jove's [Zeus'] daughter turned away and covered with her shield her virgin's ...
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2answers
388 views

Does Hercules have a tail?

I was astonished when I saw these two tapestries in a museum: Hercules fighting Centaurs Hercules fighting a multi-headed dog In both of them Hercules/Heracles seems to have a well defined tail ...
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1answer
502 views

Why can't a vrykolakas cross the sea?

In Paradoseis, Nikolaos Politis records the belief that a vrykolakas cannot cross the sea. More specifically, tale 933 explains how the people of Myconos kept themselves safe from vrykolakes by ...
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1answer
397 views

What are some examples of snakes as a source of knowledge in Greek mythology?

Wikipedia claims: A snake as a source of knowledge is a recurring theme in Greek mythology, though sometimes the snake brings understanding of the language of animals rather than an ability to know ...
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2answers
3k views

What kind of snakes were the Gorgons' hair made of?

So, the Gorgons had hairs of the snakes. Was it ever recorded what kind of snakes they were? I have a couple of quotes The spattered desert gave them life as snakes, smooth snakes of many kinds, ...
8
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1answer
368 views

Why did the Trojans believe Cassandra's recognition of Paris?

The Trojan princess Cassandra was cursed by Apollo that nobody would ever believe her. Apparently though, the curse wasn't completely effective: After Cassandra grew up, she again spent a night in ...
4
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1answer
5k views

Griffin, Griffon, or Gryphon?

According to Wikipedia, three spellings can be found for the Griffin, and the source of the word is uncertain. Is it simply a case of different sources choosing their favorite spelling that led to ...
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3answers
3k views

Was Apollo the exact same in Greek and Roman mythology?

Apollo is Apollo. So, are they the exact same in qualities in both Roman and Greek mythology? If not, what qualities did they share?
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3answers
9k views

How old were Paris and Achilles at the time of the Trojan War?

Paris of Troy was presumably an adult at the time of the marriage of Peleus and Thetis and the Judgement of Paris. That would mean Paris was at least 15-20 years older than Achilles. Other than that, ...
7
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1answer
206 views

How did Poseidon became lord of Helicon?

In Homeric Hymn 22 (to Poseidon), we learn that Poseidon is lord of mount Helicon: I begin to sing about Poseidon, the great god, mover of the earth and fruitless sea, god of the deep who is also ...
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2answers
256 views

How did the Greeks imagine the palace of the Olympians?

The traditional view is that the palace of the Olympians resembled an ancient Greek acropolis. However, I couldn't find any actual description of the palace or even parts of it from ancient writers. ...
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1answer
3k views

Who lives in Mount Olympus usually?

Greek gods were on Olympus. On the top of my head, I can also name some more, like the Muses and Ganymede, but, are there other people who lived on Mount Olympus?
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1answer
495 views

Do Muses govern the arts?

I thought Muses were patrons of all arts. I knew modern arts like photography or cinema would be attributed by extension to a "visual arts" muse. I thought there were "classical arts" painting and ...
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2answers
2k views

Is there a world tree in Greek mythology?

I was reading up on the world tree motif, when I realized that apparently the concept is absent from Greek mythology: Although the concept is absent from the Greek mythology, medieval Greek folk ...
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0answers
228 views

How did Princess Argyro lose her breast?

Princess Argyro is the legendary founder of Gjirokastër, in Albanian and Greek folklore. According to Nikolaos Politis1, in Greek tales she is sometimes referred to as "Μονοβύζα", the single-breasted. ...
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3answers
2k views

How are the internal organs of centaurs arranged?

My question is about the internal organs of this creature. How are these organs arranged? It is confusing, because it is basically a horse with its head replaced by a human upper body. For example, ...
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3answers
191 views

Is there a specific bird that a harpie had under her human part?

So there is a mythical creature called a harpy, who was a half woman, half bird. Anything on what type of bird it was?
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3answers
253 views

Why did the sky exist when Ouranos was castrated?

So Ouranos was castrated by Kronos and Titans. When that happened, why didn't the sky just collapse?
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1answer
483 views

Who carried the bow and arrows of Hercules

Who carried the bow and see w of Hercules after he died?
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3answers
657 views

What happened to Theseus after Herakles found him?

So Herakles found Theseus in the Underworld after he went and finished his last labor of bringing Cerberus back. What resulted of Theseus?
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1answer
160 views

What are the Anemoi's associations?

The Anemoi are the Greek gods of winds each one with its own direction and as a harbinger of seasonal winds. Eg. Boreas (god of the North wind) is associated with the cold winds of winter. The 4 ...