Questions tagged [greek]

For questions about Greek mythology and legends from ancient Greece to the present day.

Filter by
Sorted by
Tagged with
7
votes
1answer
163 views

What are the Anemoi's associations?

The Anemoi are the Greek gods of winds each one with its own direction and as a harbinger of seasonal winds. Eg. Boreas (god of the North wind) is associated with the cold winds of winter. The 4 ...
3
votes
1answer
114 views

Where did the wood of Dodona come from?

So the wood thing that killed Jason was like from some Dodona thing. I forgot if that's the right name, but it was prophesying wood. Philostratus the Elder, "The keel which had been fitted ...
4
votes
1answer
536 views

Is Zeus subject to the decrees of the Moirai?

In Herodotus's Histories (I.91) it is said: When the Lydians came, and spoke as they had been instructed, the priestess (it is said) made the following reply. “No one may escape his lot, not ...
6
votes
2answers
2k views

Why is the staff of medicine symbolised by Hermes's staff, Caduceus?

The staff of medicine should be Asclepius's staff. So why is it Hermes's staff used? Example: The sign of the World Health Organization.
5
votes
1answer
597 views

Is it possible to take back an oath on the River Styx?

If I swear something on the River Styx, is it possible to take it back?
6
votes
1answer
579 views

Could you look at Medusa's head through a distorted surface?

So in Yannis' Awesome Answer It was looking directly into Medusa's eyes that would turn a mortal to stone, not the whole of her face. Using the shield as a mirror meant that even if Medusa's gaze ...
4
votes
2answers
7k views

How many heads did the Hydra originally have?

When Hercules fought the Hydra, it had 9 heads I think. But the way of the Hydra is that when one is cut down 2 grow up. So obviously some foolish fighters went in and cut some heads before, to ...
11
votes
3answers
2k views

Titans as four corners of the Earth?

On Theoi.com and a couple of other Greek myth sites, they say that four of the male Titans (Koios, Hyperion, Krios and Iapetos) symbolized the four corners of the Earth. Does anyone have a source for ...
6
votes
2answers
316 views

What is the earliest source to claim that Zeus and Ganymede were lovers?

On this question, I and another poster claim on the basis of internet sources that Ganymede was Zeus' male lover. A commenter challenged that, however, and I haven't yet found a reliable source to say ...
11
votes
4answers
9k views

Was Artemis a lesbian?

The material I was taught in school spoke of how Artemis never sought the company of man (romantically or sexually). Said material merely described the huntress as 'celibate', but this was sort of a ...
4
votes
2answers
2k views

Was it Apollo or Helios? [duplicate]

In some accounts I've read, the Greeks thought Apollo drove the chariot of the sun across the sky, in others it was Helios. Obviously they didn't see two suns rise and fall back then; How did these ...
10
votes
2answers
2k views

Why was Europe named after Europa?

I just re-read the story of Zeus and Europa, and in the notes provided by my book, it mentions that the continent of Europe was named after the mythological Europa. It gave no more explanation, and ...
5
votes
1answer
95 views

Are there any surviving depictions/descriptions of Geryon?

One of the stranger monsters mentioned in the twelve tasks of Hercules, Geryon is described, in all the source material I've seen as having three bodies. I've always had a little trouble picturing ...
15
votes
3answers
2k views

Is it Lucifer or Venus?

Which deity, according to Greek and Roman mythology, is represented by the planet that we call Venus? Is it the goddess Venus (Aphrodite in Greek) or is someone named Lucifer?
7
votes
1answer
215 views

Who was the goddess, pregnant with Zeus' child or children, who was denied sanctuary?

A certain goddess, having been impregnated by Zeus, was driven from her home by the ever-angry Hera, and forced to flee, with her children or child, unsure. Everywhere she went she was rejected in ...
6
votes
1answer
2k views

Was Helen of Troy in Egypt during the war?

In the myth of Helen of Troy, there has been noted a story from Egyptian mythology of Helen coming to Egypt and staying there, her double being sent on to be imprisoned and have a war fought over. ...
7
votes
1answer
137 views

How did the tone of Oedipus change with its retellings?

How did the tone of Oedipus change with its retellings? Darker? Or lighter? Or changing with each telling? Darker would be more death, more suicide, more incest, etc, while lighter would be the ...
4
votes
1answer
118 views

Were Argus's eyes gradual or all at once?

Argus has 100 eyes, 50 awake and 5 sleeping all the time. That way, he would be able to keep guard constantly. But would Argus's eyes have a set time to fall asleep, like 50 immediately going to ...
6
votes
1answer
256 views

What changed in Greek culture to allow Herophilos to perform human dissections

This is a follow-up to this question: Why was dissection taboo in Greek antiquity? With such strong taboos against it (addressed in the above question), how was Herophilos able to perform systematic,...
3
votes
1answer
168 views

Are aakors mythological or copyrighted?

A friend of mine thinks that an aakor is a creature from the Greek mythology. When I search for "aakor", I see a wiki based on a copyrighted series. I'm not sure if he's correct so I'm asking here. ...
5
votes
1answer
65 views

Quote on Romulus and Theseus from André Gide in Les Nouvelles Nourritures

In his book Les nouvelles nourritures, André Gide wrote: N'ai je pas lu ce matin dans Plutarque, au seuil des Vies de Romulus et de Thésée, que ces deux grands fondateurs de cités, pour être nés "...
7
votes
1answer
512 views

Why was dissection taboo in Greek antiquity?

Looking at the development of medicine in Greek antiquity, in particular at the time of Hippocrates, you see references made to the poor understanding Greek medicine shows of anatomy, and chalks this ...
3
votes
2answers
192 views

Were the furies/erinyes of one accord?

There were 3 furies/erinyes. They were to ensure punishment in Hades. Did each of them serve a different purpose? Or did they do the same thing? For example- 1 fury would punish a person for eating ...
14
votes
1answer
740 views

Was Cerberus supposed to have only one “mind” (despite having three brains)?

Cerberus is a three headed dog, so normally you could think that he has three minds, one for each head/brain. However, Ancient Greek medicine placed the rational soul in the heart, rather than the ...
7
votes
2answers
3k views

What exactly was in Pandora's Box?

So, only Hope remained in that box. And a whole bunch of bad stuff came out. But, what exactly was in there? I'm looking for the greek proper names.
8
votes
4answers
52k views

What is the moral of the myth of Icarus?

Icarus, the son of Daedalus who created the maze that held the Minotaur was given wings which allowed him to fly away from the Island of Crete. He was told not to fly too near the Sun nor too close to ...
4
votes
1answer
7k views

How many gods/goddesses are there in total in greek mythology?

If there was a diagram with every god in it, that would be cool, but I doubt you can find that, so a number will do I guess. How many gods/goddesses are there in total in greek mythology?
6
votes
1answer
159 views

Are there any studies of the historic phenomenon of the chief god of a pantheon being replaced by the storm god?

We find in at least two instances the chief god of a pantheon being replaced by the younger storm god of that pantheon. For example, in Canaanite mythology, the supreme god El is replaced with the ...
7
votes
3answers
1k views

What is the connection of Egyptian mythology to Atlantis?

As writing an answer to my own question, I came across this, Plutarch, Life of Solon 26. 1 (trans. Perrin) (Greek historian C1st - C2nd A.D.) : "He [Solon] also spent some time in studies with ...
8
votes
2answers
248 views

Was there an epic or drama detailing Menelaus's return?

In book IV of the Odyssey (translator Robert Fitsgerald), Menelaus mentions he spent 7 years returning to Sparta. This seems like it would be something that somebody in ancient times would write about....
8
votes
1answer
759 views

How many types of Nymphs were there?

After reading and answering this question, it caused me to believe that in Greek mythology, there were a lot of nymphs. They were nature spirits, and so, there are a lot of types of nymphs. Cloud - ...
10
votes
1answer
380 views

Did the ancient Greeks believe the Olympians residence on Mt. Olympus to be a metaphor?

Did the ancient Greeks believe that the residence of the main Olympians on the top of Mt. Olympus to be literal? Or is Mt. Olympus used as a metaphor to explain that the gods resided on the highest ...
3
votes
1answer
173 views

Are the nodes of Greek mythology a major concept?

The Wikipedia article for the Calydonian Boar says that Like the quest for the Golden Fleece (Argonautica) or the Trojan War that took place the following generation, the Calydonian Hunt is one of ...
2
votes
2answers
234 views

Were all the sons of Zeus brothers of all the godly sons and daughters of Zeus?

Since in Greek mythology, there are sons of Zeus as demigods, are they brothers of all the godly sons and daughters of Zeus? Also, wouldn't the demigod's mother technically be the mother in law of ...
8
votes
2answers
1k views

What are the differences between fauns and satyrs?

From what I've gathered fauns and satyrs are pretty much the same thing; they're all male, hircine from the waist down. They like wine, women, and song. They walk around naked all the time and have an ...
7
votes
1answer
579 views

Which mythologies had demigods?

As we all know Greek gods were very lusty, and as a result produced several demigods. Does this happen in other mythologies as well?
6
votes
1answer
468 views

What was the symbolism behind Tantalus's punishment?

Tantalus, who was a bad person, was sent to the fields of punishment. He stood in a pool, with a fruit tree above him, but the food and drink would always go away from him when he tried to eat it. ...
8
votes
1answer
275 views

Was Charybdis always a monster?

Charybdis, and its counterpart Scylla were two monsters in the Odyssey. However, according to Ovid's Metamorphoses, Scylla was once a nymph. "... had she not been transformed before they came into ...
13
votes
2answers
485 views

What happened with the Golden Fleece?

As we all know, Jason and his company of Argonauts took the Golden Fleece from Colchis. What happened with it afterwards? Is it mentioned in any other story of the Greek mythology?
5
votes
1answer
112 views

What was the inspiration for the Indian Drakon?

The Drakones indikoi was a legendary being. The can be found from here. It says they came from India. Was this creature inspired by a real animal? If so, can anyone tell what me what it is?
6
votes
1answer
1k views

Why is tragedy a goat song?

Tragedy literally means a goat's song or ode. Is there any indication in mythology of why a goat song would be sad or dramatic? As far as I know, Pan, Faunus, Silvanus... all part goat deities ...
13
votes
8answers
21k views

Is there a Western (Greek, Roman, Egyptian, or Norse) god of the cosmos?

I have heard of the Greek god, Chaos (the manifestation of the void), and of the Greek god Aither, (the manifestation of the upper air that gods breathe most often), but I can't find reference to any ...
5
votes
1answer
895 views

Why did Athena breathe life into the man Prometheus created?

I have seen many books and papers reference Athena breathing life into the man Prometheus molded out of clay, but I couldn't find any primary sources of this happening, and I couldn't find any good ...
5
votes
1answer
396 views

Why did Tantalus try to trick the gods?

Tantalus, who was a king beloved of the gods, ruled over the kingdom of Tmolus. He hated his sons. He fed the gods human meat, specifically Pelops, his son, and tried to trick them. Later he was sent ...
-2
votes
1answer
146 views

What is the differences between the two versions of these myths? [closed]

What is the differences between the two versions of these myths? How can they be interpreted? The first image is a Bell crater by a Berlin painter in Tarquinia (Italy), Museum. C. 490 BC, it has ...
6
votes
1answer
518 views

How did Helen get back from Troy?

The nostoi, or journeys home, of many of the heroes of the Trojan War are recounted by Homer -- most famously that of Odysseus -- or were known in antiquity but later lost. Is anything known about how ...
2
votes
1answer
337 views

When did the maiden goddesses choose to become a maiden forever?

When did Hestia, Athena, and Artemis decide to become maiden goddesses?
9
votes
1answer
506 views

Why would an ancient temple be dedicated to both Poseidon and Artemis?

Why is this temple dedicated to both deities? I can't find a connection between them in either myth or theme.
11
votes
2answers
897 views

Do we know how Hercules avoided the Hydra's venomous breath?

In most all references to the Lernaean Hydra, it says that the hydra has venomous breath and blood. Pseudo-Hyginus, Fabulae 30 : "He [Herakles] killed at the spring of Lerna the nine headed ...
6
votes
3answers
926 views

Which one was older, Artemis or Apollo?

On the island of Delos, Leto had twins, Apollo and Artemis. But usually, twins have a time in between before they are born. Not sure if this is the same in mythology. So which was older?