Questions tagged [greek]

For questions about Greek mythology and legends from ancient Greece to the present day.

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5
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1answer
270 views

Are there any similarities between the Deucalion/Pyrrha myth and Cadmus?

Specifically, both parties "grow" people by sowing "bones": Deucalion and Pyrrha sow "the bones of [their] mother" which is interpreted as being "mother earth" and thus rocks. Thus they repopulated ...
9
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1answer
2k views

What are the differences between the Greek Hestia and the Roman Vesta with regards to both mythology and worship?

I recall reading about Vesta, and I believe that, like Mars and Saturn, she was more important to the Roman pantheon than the Greek. I'd like to know what the differences were between Vesta and Hestia....
6
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1answer
156 views

What does “distributing by lot” mean among Apollo's epithets?

I've often seen the word "Clerius" (Κληριος, "Klêrios") listed as an epithet of the Greek god Apollo, translated to "Distributing by Lot". I've searched a lot for the possible meanings of this phrase,...
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2answers
5k views

Odin's Counterpart

I have always wondered are: Odin, Mercury, Hermes, Thoth the same person? If so, why they are celebrated by different cultures and praised by different myths? I am in love with these deities...
3
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1answer
2k views

Why wasn't Poseidon turned into stone?

"She [Medousa], it's said, was violated in Minerva's [Athena's] shrine by the Lord of the Sea (Rector Pelagi) [Poseidon]. Jove's [Zeus'] daughter turned away and covered with her shield her virgin's ...
9
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2answers
439 views

Does Hercules have a tail?

I was astonished when I saw these two tapestries in a museum: Hercules fighting Centaurs Hercules fighting a multi-headed dog In both of them Hercules/Heracles seems to have a well defined tail ...
9
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1answer
663 views

Why can't a vrykolakas cross the sea?

In Paradoseis, Nikolaos Politis records the belief that a vrykolakas cannot cross the sea. More specifically, tale 933 explains how the people of Myconos kept themselves safe from vrykolakes by ...
7
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1answer
462 views

What are some examples of snakes as a source of knowledge in Greek mythology?

Wikipedia claims: A snake as a source of knowledge is a recurring theme in Greek mythology, though sometimes the snake brings understanding of the language of animals rather than an ability to know ...
8
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2answers
4k views

What kind of snakes were the Gorgons' hair made of?

So, the Gorgons had hairs of the snakes. Was it ever recorded what kind of snakes they were? I have a couple of quotes The spattered desert gave them life as snakes, smooth snakes of many kinds, and ...
9
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1answer
474 views

Why did the Trojans believe Cassandra's recognition of Paris?

The Trojan princess Cassandra was cursed by Apollo that nobody would ever believe her. Apparently though, the curse wasn't completely effective: After Cassandra grew up, she again spent a night in ...
5
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1answer
8k views

Griffin, Griffon, or Gryphon?

According to Wikipedia, three spellings can be found for the Griffin, and the source of the word is uncertain. Is it simply a case of different sources choosing their favorite spelling that led to ...
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3answers
6k views

Was Apollo the exact same in Greek and Roman mythology?

Apollo is Apollo. So, are they the exact same in qualities in both Roman and Greek mythology? If not, what qualities did they share?
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3answers
15k views

How old were Paris and Achilles at the time of the Trojan War?

Paris of Troy was presumably an adult at the time of the marriage of Peleus and Thetis and the Judgement of Paris. That would mean Paris was at least 15-20 years older than Achilles. Other than that, ...
8
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2answers
280 views

How did Poseidon became lord of Helicon?

In Homeric Hymn 22 (to Poseidon), we learn that Poseidon is lord of mount Helicon: I begin to sing about Poseidon, the great god, mover of the earth and fruitless sea, god of the deep who is also ...
10
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2answers
281 views

How did the Greeks imagine the palace of the Olympians?

The traditional view is that the palace of the Olympians resembled an ancient Greek acropolis. However, I couldn't find any actual description of the palace or even parts of it from ancient writers. ...
4
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1answer
4k views

Who lives in Mount Olympus usually?

Greek gods were on Olympus. On the top of my head, I can also name some more, like the Muses and Ganymede, but, are there other people who lived on Mount Olympus?
5
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1answer
536 views

Do Muses govern the arts?

I thought Muses were patrons of all arts. I knew modern arts like photography or cinema would be attributed by extension to a "visual arts" muse. I thought there were "classical arts" painting and ...
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2answers
3k views

Is there a world tree in Greek mythology?

I was reading up on the world tree motif, when I realized that apparently the concept is absent from Greek mythology: Although the concept is absent from the Greek mythology, medieval Greek folk ...
7
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1answer
276 views

How did Princess Argyro lose her breast?

Princess Argyro is the legendary founder of Gjirokastër, in Albanian and Greek folklore. According to Nikolaos Politis1, in Greek tales she is sometimes referred to as "Μονοβύζα", the single-breasted. ...
6
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3answers
2k views

How are the internal organs of centaurs arranged?

My question is about the internal organs of this creature. How are these organs arranged? It is confusing, because it is basically a horse with its head replaced by a human upper body. For example, ...
3
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3answers
271 views

Is there a specific bird that a harpie had under her human part?

So there is a mythical creature called a harpy, who was a half woman, half bird. Anything on what type of bird it was?
4
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3answers
340 views

Why did the sky exist when Ouranos was castrated?

So Ouranos was castrated by Kronos and Titans. When that happened, why didn't the sky just collapse?
3
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1answer
555 views

Who carried the bow and arrows of Hercules

Who carried the bow and see w of Hercules after he died?
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3answers
956 views

What happened to Theseus after Herakles found him?

So Herakles found Theseus in the Underworld after he went and finished his last labor of bringing Cerberus back. What resulted of Theseus?
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1answer
226 views

What are the Anemoi's associations?

The Anemoi are the Greek gods of winds each one with its own direction and as a harbinger of seasonal winds. Eg. Boreas (god of the North wind) is associated with the cold winds of winter. The 4 ...
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1answer
125 views

Where did the wood of Dodona come from?

So the wood thing that killed Jason was like from some Dodona thing. I forgot if that's the right name, but it was prophesying wood. Philostratus the Elder, "The keel which had been fitted ...
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1answer
737 views

Is Zeus subject to the decrees of the Moirai?

In Herodotus's Histories (I.91) it is said: When the Lydians came, and spoke as they had been instructed, the priestess (it is said) made the following reply. “No one may escape his lot, not ...
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2answers
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Why is the staff of medicine symbolised by Hermes's staff, Caduceus?

The staff of medicine should be Asclepius's staff. So why is it Hermes's staff used? Example: The sign of the World Health Organization.
5
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1answer
1k views

Is it possible to take back an oath on the River Styx?

If I swear something on the River Styx, is it possible to take it back?
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1answer
789 views

Could you look at Medusa's head through a distorted surface?

So in Yannis' Awesome Answer It was looking directly into Medusa's eyes that would turn a mortal to stone, not the whole of her face. Using the shield as a mirror meant that even if Medusa's gaze ...
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2answers
9k views

How many heads did the Hydra originally have?

When Hercules fought the Hydra, it had 9 heads I think. But the way of the Hydra is that when one is cut down 2 grow up. So obviously some foolish fighters went in and cut some heads before, to ...
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3answers
4k views

Titans as four corners of the Earth?

On Theoi.com and a couple of other Greek myth sites, they say that four of the male Titans (Koios, Hyperion, Krios and Iapetos) symbolized the four corners of the Earth. Does anyone have a source for ...
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2answers
442 views

What is the earliest source to claim that Zeus and Ganymede were lovers?

On this question, I and another poster claim on the basis of internet sources that Ganymede was Zeus' male lover. A commenter challenged that, however, and I haven't yet found a reliable source to say ...
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5answers
20k views

Was Artemis a lesbian?

The material I was taught in school spoke of how Artemis never sought the company of man (romantically or sexually). Said material merely described the huntress as 'celibate', but this was sort of a ...
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2answers
6k views

Was it Apollo or Helios? [duplicate]

In some accounts I've read, the Greeks thought Apollo drove the chariot of the sun across the sky, in others it was Helios. Obviously they didn't see two suns rise and fall back then; How did these ...
11
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2answers
3k views

Why was Europe named after Europa?

I just re-read the story of Zeus and Europa, and in the notes provided by my book, it mentions that the continent of Europe was named after the mythological Europa. It gave no more explanation, and ...
6
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1answer
99 views

Are there any surviving depictions/descriptions of Geryon?

One of the stranger monsters mentioned in the twelve tasks of Hercules, Geryon is described, in all the source material I've seen as having three bodies. I've always had a little trouble picturing ...
18
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3answers
4k views

Is it Lucifer or Venus?

Which deity, according to Greek and Roman mythology, is represented by the planet that we call Venus? Is it the goddess Venus (Aphrodite in Greek) or is someone named Lucifer?
7
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1answer
258 views

Who was the goddess, pregnant with Zeus' child or children, who was denied sanctuary?

A certain goddess, having been impregnated by Zeus, was driven from her home by the ever-angry Hera, and forced to flee, with her children or child, unsure. Everywhere she went she was rejected in ...
6
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1answer
2k views

Was Helen of Troy in Egypt during the war?

In the myth of Helen of Troy, there has been noted a story from Egyptian mythology of Helen coming to Egypt and staying there, her double being sent on to be imprisoned and have a war fought over. ...
7
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1answer
140 views

How did the tone of Oedipus change with its retellings?

How did the tone of Oedipus change with its retellings? Darker? Or lighter? Or changing with each telling? Darker would be more death, more suicide, more incest, etc, while lighter would be the ...
5
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1answer
123 views

Were Argus's eyes gradual or all at once?

Argus has 100 eyes, 50 awake and 5 sleeping all the time. That way, he would be able to keep guard constantly. But would Argus's eyes have a set time to fall asleep, like 50 immediately going to ...
6
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1answer
264 views

What changed in Greek culture to allow Herophilos to perform human dissections

This is a follow-up to this question: Why was dissection taboo in Greek antiquity? With such strong taboos against it (addressed in the above question), how was Herophilos able to perform systematic,...
3
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1answer
177 views

Are aakors mythological or copyrighted?

A friend of mine thinks that an aakor is a creature from the Greek mythology. When I search for "aakor", I see a wiki based on a copyrighted series. I'm not sure if he's correct so I'm asking here. ...
6
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1answer
71 views

Quote on Romulus and Theseus from André Gide in Les Nouvelles Nourritures

In his book Les nouvelles nourritures, André Gide wrote: N'ai je pas lu ce matin dans Plutarque, au seuil des Vies de Romulus et de Thésée, que ces deux grands fondateurs de cités, pour être nés "...
8
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1answer
686 views

Why was dissection taboo in Greek antiquity?

Looking at the development of medicine in Greek antiquity, in particular at the time of Hippocrates, you see references made to the poor understanding Greek medicine shows of anatomy, and chalks this ...
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2answers
200 views

Were the furies/erinyes of one accord?

There were 3 furies/erinyes. They were to ensure punishment in Hades. Did each of them serve a different purpose? Or did they do the same thing? For example- 1 fury would punish a person for eating ...
14
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1answer
1k views

Was Cerberus supposed to have only one “mind” (despite having three brains)?

Cerberus is a three headed dog, so normally you could think that he has three minds, one for each head/brain. However, Ancient Greek medicine placed the rational soul in the heart, rather than the ...
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2answers
6k views

What exactly was in Pandora's Box?

So, only Hope remained in that box. And a whole bunch of bad stuff came out. But, what exactly was in there? I'm looking for the greek proper names.
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4answers
64k views

What is the moral of the myth of Icarus?

Icarus, the son of Daedalus who created the maze that held the Minotaur was given wings which allowed him to fly away from the Island of Crete. He was told not to fly too near the Sun nor too close to ...

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