Questions tagged [mesopotamia]

For questions linked to the area between Tigris and Euphrates, corresponding to modern-day Iraq. See also the sumeria tag.

Filter by
Sorted by
Tagged with
2
votes
0answers
27 views

What is a “house of Madanu” and a “gate of Madanu”?

The Hittite ritual CTH 432 ("The Ritual for Depression") mentions laying out certain patterns in flour, starting at §3.24: namma-kan É dMADANI Ù É dṢAR[… gulašzi nu-kan KÁ dMADANI IŠ[… Next, ...
7
votes
0answers
71 views

Who is the female figure in the Nirgul tablet?

The Nirgul tablet (also known as Cerberus relief) was a Parthian relief carving of the Mesopotamian god Nergal, a three-headed dog and a seated female figure: According to Wikipedia, which cites ...
2
votes
0answers
33 views

What are the major interpretations of the Enuma Elish?

I'm reading Mesopotamian mythology and looking to get a comparison of the major interpretations of the 'meaning' (mythological, psychological or psychoanalytic, ecological, historical, etc.) of the ...
4
votes
1answer
141 views

Why does Inanna need a fruit to know of sex?

According to this link there is a myth where Inanna knows about sex from a tree fruit. She wants to know about sex and for that she has to go to the underworld and taste the fruit there. But why ...
6
votes
1answer
149 views

Did the inhabitants of the ancient Near East believe in an ocean in the sky?

An ocean in the sky shows up quite a lot in depictions, for example Psalms 148:4: Praise him, you highest heavens, and you waters above the heavens! But finding good evidence for it in Egyptian ...
2
votes
1answer
164 views

Babylonian, Sumerian or Mesopotamian

I was looking up the Babylonian creation myth(didn't find it) and clicked on one of their gods, Ereshkigal, Queen of the underworld, or Kur. The page says she is from Mesopotamian Mythology and the ...
5
votes
0answers
119 views

Why does Shamash help the trapper rather than Enkidu?

In episode I of The Epic of Gilgamesh, why does Shamash help the trapper rather than Enkidu, a creation of his peers who was created to help the people oppressed by Gilgamesh?
5
votes
1answer
562 views

What are the major branches of Mesopotamian mythology?

Mesopotamia refers to a group of civilizations inhabiting the regions of the Tigris and Euphrates. Most people know of the hero Gilgamesh, but many may be unclear as to the distinctions between the ...
7
votes
1answer
180 views

How did the Assyrians imagine the underworld?

There's an exhibit of two reconstructed Assyrian graves in the Pergamon Museum. The description on the display vaguely mentioned the "Mesopotamians" thought the underworld was very similar to the ...
3
votes
1answer
995 views

How is the Borjgali related to Mesopotamian symbols of eternity?

The Borjgali is a Georgian solar symbol: Borjgali (Georgian: ბორჯღალი; also Borjgala or Borjgalo) is a Georgian symbol of the Sun with seven rotating wings over the Christian Tree of Life and is ...
8
votes
1answer
494 views

Which myth says that Eve wasn't the first wife of Adam, but Lilith?

According to the Hebrew Bible and Islamic tradition, Eve is known as Adam's wife. However some other works suggested something opposite. Which myths suggest that Biblical Eve wasn't the first wife ...
15
votes
2answers
9k views

Was the story of Adam and Eve influenced by Sumerian Ninti and Enki?

Was the story of Adam and Eve from Book of Genesis influenced by the Sumerian story of Enki and Ninti? On Wikipedia page about Ninti we can read: Some scholars suggest that this served as the ...
12
votes
1answer
4k views

Are Noah and Ziusudra the same person?

There are similarities between the stories of Noah from the Bible and Ziusudra hero of the Sumerian flood epic. Both stories describe a flood myth. Based on what kind of information/similarities we ...
20
votes
6answers
4k views

What is the meaning of the star symbols appearing on seal VA 243?

Here is the picture of cylinder seal VA/243. Image credits: Z. Sitchin This seal was named like that because it is number 243 in the collection of the Vorderasiatische Museum in Berlin. What is the ...
7
votes
1answer
689 views

How did the ranking system for the Sumerian pantheon work?

According to this source, the gods had some numerical ranks as below: Anu (ranking #60) Antu (ranking #55) Enlil (ranking #50) Ninlil / Sud (ranking #45) Enki / EA (ranking #40) Ninki / Damkina (...
8
votes
1answer
194 views

How many Annunaki were living on Earth at the peak of their time?

The Anunnaki were a group of deities in ancient Mesopotamian culture. How many of them were there at the peak time (which we know about)? For example on Wikipedia page we can read: In the Epic of ...
10
votes
2answers
367 views

Was the constellation named after the Bull of Heaven?

On the Wikipedia page we can read: In Babylonian astronomy, the constellation was listed in the MUL.APIN as GU4.AN.NA, "The Bull of Heaven". In the Mesopotamian Epic of Gilgamesh, one of the ...
3
votes
2answers
724 views

Who were the Anunnaki according to Sumerians' tales?

Who were the Anunnaki? Were they gods, demigods or different race? And what was their role? How do we tell who they were? I am looking for primary or canonical sources that explain about the ...
7
votes
1answer
6k views

How did Gilgamesh die?

Do we know how and in which circumstances Gilgamesh died? According to these answers seems that The Epic of Gilgamesh doesn't mention that, however Wikipedia page mention something about Sumerian ...