Stack Exchange Network

Stack Exchange network consists of 174 Q&A communities including Stack Overflow, the largest, most trusted online community for developers to learn, share their knowledge, and build their careers.

Visit Stack Exchange

Questions tagged [odyssey]

For questions about the book by Homer about the ten-year travels of Odysseus, a Greek hero, after fighting in the Trojan War.

1
vote
1answer
94 views

Why was Odysseus needed for killing the suitors in the Odyssey?

Is his kingdom so short on soldiers that the family can't deal with a few suitors?
2
votes
1answer
72 views

What did Odysseus (or his men) do to 'err' against Athena?

When Hermes arrives on Ogygia, she asks why he is visiting here. "Why have you come to see me, Hermes - honored, and ever welcome - for you do not visit me often?..." Retrieved, paragraph 7 Hermes ...
2
votes
0answers
46 views

Do the gods know all other gods?

In the Odyssey, Hermes takes flight to Ogygia, Calypso's island, at Zeus's command to tell Calypso to let Odysseus leave to go home. When he arrives, Calypso recognizes him right away because, "the ...
0
votes
0answers
55 views

What is the fight between Odysseus and Achilles?

I remember reading in the Odyssey about a bard retelling the story of Odysseus and Achilles having a fight. It had Odysseus put his head down in tears as the bard sang the story. But it didn't say ...
1
vote
1answer
63 views

Why did Zeus take half the goodness out of a man?

I found something online mentioning a passage from the Odyssey, Book XVII. I checked it against my own Odyssey translated by Samuel Butler. The passage holds true. "...Servants never do their work ...
2
votes
1answer
178 views

Why would Athena fear Poseidon?

In the end of Book VI of the Odyssey, Odysseus sends up a pray to Athena, the Greek goddess of Wisdom and Warfare. It then says Athena does not openly acknowledge him. The reason being that she feared ...
8
votes
1answer
167 views

Why does Ino help Odysseus?

In Book V of the Odyssey, Ino saves Odysseus from drowning by giving him a magic veil. Why? Ino is a water deity, I'd expect her to be aligned with Poseidon's wishes. What reason does she have to ...
8
votes
1answer
238 views

Identifying the places in the Odyssey

I suppose there have been academic attempts to identify all the places mentioned in the Odyssey by Homer, specially after Heinrich Schliemann found Troy. I would like to know if there's any kind of ...
6
votes
1answer
107 views

Did Greeks bow to their gods?

Is there an instance in which a Greek (or related, Roman, Trojan...) would bow to a god if they appeared? I would think not. Iliad Athena appears to Achilles, did not bow. Athena appears to Odysseus,...
6
votes
1answer
93 views

Why is Heracles in the Underworld?

Odysseys during his travel to the Underworld in Book XI of the Odyssey meets the "phantom" of the deified Heracles: And after him I marked the mighty Heracles—his phantom; for he himself among the ...
9
votes
2answers
262 views

How did Odysseus's ship get wrecked, and how did Odysseus himself land to Ogygia?

I have tried to read Homer's Odyssey and commentaries to find out details about how Odysseus's shipwreck happened, how many men were involved and saved and so forth. It looks like the first book ...
8
votes
2answers
198 views

Is there an Egyptian Old Man of the Sea?

In Book VI of the Odyssey, the sea-nymph Eidothea identifies her father Proteus, the Old Man of the Sea, as an Egyptian: "'Stranger,' replied she, 'I will make it all quite clear to you. There is ...
8
votes
1answer
161 views

Did the gods think Poseidōn's vengeance on Odysseus was just excessive, or entirely unfair?

The beginning of the Odyssey, the Olympian gods all want to allow Odysseus to return from his long exile, only Poseidōn is against that. So Zeus, as king of the gods, overrules Poseidōn on Athēnē's ...
6
votes
0answers
235 views

What does Nausicaa symbolize in the Odyssey?

There was an interesting question in Lit regarding the meaning of her name, and in my research, I came across some interesting speculation on Nausikaa's distinctness. For instance, she is the one ...
9
votes
1answer
417 views

Odysseus raid on the Cicones at Ismaros (Odyssey Book 9 lines 40-66)

Open question for thoughts and explanations re Odysseus’ raid on the Cicones (also called Kikonians) while on his way home from the Trojan War, on any of my questions below and/or other thoughts of ...
8
votes
2answers
237 views

Was there an epic or drama detailing Menelaus's return?

In book IV of the Odyssey (translator Robert Fitsgerald), Menelaus mentions he spent 7 years returning to Sparta. This seems like it would be something that somebody in ancient times would write about....
5
votes
1answer
139 views

Roughly, where was Ogygia?

There was an island, called Ogygia. Apparently, It was an island where Calypso was cursed to stay on forever, because she supported her father, Atlas, in the Titan war. Roughly, where is it?
5
votes
1answer
537 views

Correct version of the Sirens scene in “The Odyssey”?

In Roman Mars's podcast, 99% Invisible, in Episode 79: Symphony of Sirens, Revisited, from 00:23-01:00, Mars recounts the Sirens scene in Homer's The Odyssey: In Homer's Odyssey, there's a story ...
13
votes
1answer
680 views

Why did Odysseus pretend to be Helen's suitor if he wanted to win Penelope?

An important point in the story of the Iliad is that Odysseus (hoping to win the hand of Penelope, King Tyndareus niece), proposes an "Oath of Tyndareus", which binds all the suitors of Helen to join ...
14
votes
1answer
3k views

Who translated the Iliad or the Odyssey to Latin first?

Who was the first person to translate part or all of Homer's works, the Iliad and/or the Odyssey, to Latin? Have these translations survived to current times? My original motivation for the question ...
14
votes
2answers
3k views

In the Odyssey, why didn't Penelope simply turn away her suitors?

If I remember the story correctly, Penelope spends over a decade telling her suitors that she will choose one of them as a husband some day, but continues inventing elaborate reasons why she cannot ...