Questions tagged [reference-request]

For questions that ask for a canonical reference about a commonly known myth.

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Name of the tale in which a traveler inherits a boatman's curse after accepting to relay him

I have a vague recollection of a tale but get no hits from traditional search engines. In my memory, this is an old and famous tale, that goes as follow: A young man travels across a foreign land. ...
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4 votes
3 answers
124 views

Are there myths, folklore, tales, or other traditions/tales about monsters regaining their humanity permanently?

Maybe I should have slept on this question for a little bit, but here I go. I am working on a TRPG and a setting that would accompany the TRPG. In my setting all monsters are or were humans, so rather ...
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2 votes
2 answers
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Has divine prowess always been considered a factor in determining the outcome of wars?

In reading both fiction and nonfiction materials over the years, involving Egyptian, Roman, Persian, Greek, and Jewish cultures, I have seen statements to the effect that the locals believed their war ...
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5 votes
2 answers
734 views

Is this a real myth? Pembroke Welsh Corgis as mounts for fairies

I've seen this myth floating around the internet for a while now and decided to write about it for a project. The only issue was: I couldn't actually find a reputable source for the claim. Wikipedia's ...
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2 votes
1 answer
49 views

Are there any folklore references to the following elements found in Xianxia i.e. modern Chinese High Fantasy fiction?

Xianxia stories often contain the following elements: 1> Cultivation of Qi: Qi is a humor-esque substance which is generally absorbed from the environment and stored in the Dan Tian which in these ...
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1 answer
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Is there a reconstruction of the Titanomachy (as in the epic poem)? [closed]

I have access to the fragments of the Titanomachy. I have a short commentary on the Titanomachy in the book: The Greek Epic Cycle by Malcolm Davies, thanks to Gullintanni (a stack exchange username). ...
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1 vote
1 answer
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Is there an introductory scholarly study guide, involving primary works being discussed, for ancient greek mythology?

I am searching for a study guide, as described in the question, giving comprehensive primary sources (e.g. ideally stating all discovered theogonies) and discussing each primary source. It would be ...
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1 vote
1 answer
130 views

Has there been a reconstruction of the Aethiopis, Little Iliad, Iliou persis or Nostoi?

I am planning on reading the Epic Cycle. Apart from the Iliad and Odyssey the original texts are only fragmentary. I have found reconstructions of the Cypria and Telegony by D.M. Smith. Is there ...
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3 votes
2 answers
163 views

Which ancient cults would cut out the hearts of live animals and offer them as sacrifices?

Which ancient cults would cut out the hearts of live animals and offer them as sacrifices? The Mishnah (Avodah Zarah 2:3) mentions a concept called עורות לבובין which Maimonides and other commentators ...
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10 votes
3 answers
674 views

What is the earliest story of a mortal killing a god?

Various myths involve deities dying (such as Baldr and Osiris). However, in most of the myths that come to mind, another deity is responsible for the death. In Christian belief, Roman soldiers ...
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6 votes
1 answer
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Literature for mesopotamian seven-tiered cosmos?

Reading up on the (excellent) Gilgamesh epic, I found a note for the 11th tablet (where Uta-Napishti - the 'original' Noah) describes the seven-tiered layout of the Ark. The author appended a note ...
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Do there exist any spells or ritual things / chants in Old Norse, Old Irish, or Old English online in text format?

I have found the voluspa and other large Old Norse texts. Then there's Beowulf. I've seen several Old Irish poems as well. But what about spells and magic? Do there exist any of those online in the ...
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9 votes
1 answer
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What is the legend of the Knight Tondalo?

I was recently reading Martin Luther's commentary on the Sermon on the Mount (English translation by Charles A. Hay, 1892) and I was intrigued by a reference to "the legend of the Knight Tondalo". ...
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4 votes
2 answers
68 views

Definitive text on special stones

I'm wondering if there are any definitive texts, ancient or modern, that give some more depth to the origin of the meaning ascribed to them such as like here: Lapis is an excellent stone for ...
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6 votes
0 answers
73 views

References on Tolkien's plots

Diana Wynne Jones's autobiography contains an interesting report on what Tolkien lectured about at university: He started with the simplest possible story: a man (prince or woodcutter) going on a ...
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0 votes
2 answers
1k views

Are there any myths about rational beings (except gods/immaterial beings) that walked the earth before humans?

Are there myths that feature such beings? My answer to a question by a commenter: The question says no gods. Supernatural beings that aren't gods and deities that aren't gods (if this possibility ...
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2 votes
0 answers
38 views

Naranath Bhranthan, earliest mentions and sources?

Naranath Bhranthan appears to be a figure from medieval Indian tradition, but except for some repeats of the wikipedia article I have not been able to find anything worth commenting. When and where ...
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7 votes
1 answer
358 views

What are some references to Mathonwy in Welsh legends?

Mathonwy is the father of Math fab Mathony and a mother godess Dôn in Welsh legend, who is believed to be analogous to Danu from Irish and Vedic legends. Are there any surviving sources, either ...
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2 votes
1 answer
394 views

Where to find myths about the origin of civilization?

Is there a particular book (from a trustworthy source of course) I can see/buy or website(s) (preferably academic, that legally allow(s) non-academics access to this information)? Edit: Initially, I ...
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3 votes
0 answers
45 views

Original Southeast Asian or Polynesian Literature (as Computer Readable Text) Online

Wondering if there are any original documents in text format (i.e. "etexts") for any of the Southeast Asian or Polynesian mythology, folklore, or just general documents written in their native ...
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4 votes
1 answer
160 views

What's the best way to go about researching obscure mythologies?

So basically, I want to learn more about Zulu (or possibly some other South African culture) polytheism, among other things. Trouble is, it's hard to find a lot information about it, even from ye olde ...
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5 votes
1 answer
571 views

What is the mythological status of the 'goethia' demons?

The 'goethia' is a list of numbered (Christian, as in rulers of hell) demons of which their benefits are documented (this one only speaks the truth in a magical circle, this one provides great riches, ...
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9 votes
1 answer
110 views

The concept that scripture is made to adapt to changes of society, technology, and language

I once heard of an attitude to interpreting religious scripture that goes roughly as follows: The scripture was made such that it will always produce the correct ethics, guidance, and similar when ...
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4 votes
0 answers
34 views

Narratives in Haitian (or other) Vodou?

While there are plenty of modern and literary references to the Loas, I can't seem to find any narratives of the Loas themselves. Are there any narratives available or are the Loas best defined by ...
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4 votes
2 answers
424 views

What is the source work for Cadmus visiting Delphi?

This has been driving me absolutely nuts, as it is universally referenced across the internet, but nowhere cited. It looks like Theoi originally grabbed it from Encyclopedia Britannica, not ...
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8 votes
2 answers
249 views

Is there a god called Iob/Job/Yov?

R. Simon Ashenburg in Debek Tob reconciles a contradiction in the Bible regarding the name of Issachar's son which is given as Yov (יוב) in Genesis 46:13 and elsewhere as Yashuv (ישוב) in Numbers 26:...
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3 votes
2 answers
1k views

Who were the Anunnaki according to Sumerians' tales?

Who were the Anunnaki? Were they gods, demigods or different race? And what was their role? How do we tell who they were? I am looking for primary or canonical sources that explain about the ...
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25 votes
5 answers
5k views

Is there any textual evidence that confirms the color of Hindu gods?

Hindu gods, most notably, Shiva, Krishna, Vishnu, Kali, are depicted as blue colored beings. But they are also depicted with many different skin colors, some looking more natural than others. Is ...
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22 votes
1 answer
162 views

Where can I find the earliest literary compendium for the Greek Pantheon?

I know that much of Greek mythology was passed on by word of mouth but someone must have been the first to collect this in one source. What was that Compendium and is there a version available in ...
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