Questions tagged [sumerian]

For questions relating to the mythology of Sumer, the land of the Sumerians around the Euphrates and Tigris rivers, which was later called Mesopotamia by the Ancient Greeks. See also the [mesopotamia] tag.

Filter by
Sorted by
Tagged with
1
vote
0answers
18 views

Book recommendations for Sumerian ME decrees

What are some reasonably well-informed scholarly studies (books, book-chapters, articles) on the Sumerian godly decrees ME, preferably containing the latest archeological evidence and interpetation? I'...
1
vote
1answer
81 views

Why mythical god-like figures share common attributes like wings or lion body parts in different mythologies/cultures

I know some of this mythological depictions are supposed to represent many things like nature forces, and I know Jung's Archetypes theory about symbols founded on the unconscious mind. However I want ...
4
votes
1answer
259 views

Why does Inanna need a fruit to know of sex?

According to this link there is a myth where Inanna knows about sex from a tree fruit. She wants to know about sex and for that she has to go to the underworld and taste the fruit there. But why ...
1
vote
1answer
261 views

What started the flood in Sumerian Mythology?

This version of the great flood myth, I have found, is unique because it does not appear as if the gods started it or caused it. Just that they knew of it and didn't warn or try to save the humans. ...
2
votes
1answer
225 views

Babylonian, Sumerian or Mesopotamian

I was looking up the Babylonian creation myth(didn't find it) and clicked on one of their gods, Ereshkigal, Queen of the underworld, or Kur. The page says she is from Mesopotamian Mythology and the ...
4
votes
0answers
87 views

What or who is Igidallru?

In Did Greeks and Romans allow for belief in only some of their gods?, Igidallru is mentioned: Here is for example Odysseus killing the Cyclops, I meant Nergal killing Igidallru As a comment ...
5
votes
3answers
5k views

Why did humanizing Enkidu take a work of a prostitute and not of an ordinary woman?

The following lines suggest that Enkidu was humanized as a result of having sex with Shamhat: When with her delights he was fully sated he turned his gaze to his herd. The gazelles saw Enkidu, ...
3
votes
0answers
170 views

Is the “half-goddess” Hel distinct among mythical rulers of the underworld?

By this I mean, there is a definite parallel between Hel and other underworld goddesses, Kore/Persephone in particular, although the concept may be extended to Inanna/Geshtinanna, who Gaiman regards ...
7
votes
1answer
355 views

Why did Ninḫursaĝa cure Enki?

In the story of Uttu and Enki, Ninḫursaĝa cursed Enki: Ninḫursaĝa cursed the name Enki: "Until his dying day, I will never look upon him with life-giving eye." However, later on in the text and ...
9
votes
5answers
9k views

Why is Gilgamesh considered to be one-third human and two-third god?

Most of the time, the term "demigod" is used to describe people who are the offspring of a god and a human. As far as I know, Gilgamesh is the child of a goddess and a king. Why then is Gilgamesh ...
9
votes
1answer
7k views

What is the family tree of the Sumerian gods?

I am currently very interested in Sumerian mythology and would like to find out more about it. However, I am finding it very hard to keep track of the gods lineage and parentage as well as their ...
7
votes
4answers
9k views

Are the Anunnaki mentioned in the Bible?

The following Bible passages mention “Anakim” and “Anak”: Num 13:22; 13:28; 13:33 Deut 1:28; 2:10-11; 2:21, 9:2 Josh 11:21-22; 14:12; 14:15; 15:13-14; 21:11 Judg 1:20. They sound similar. Is there ...
6
votes
1answer
937 views

Is there a Sumerian Pandora myth?

On the FOX show Sleepy Hollow, the Big Bad this season calls herself Pandora, and she has a box from which supernatural evil things come, but one of the protagonists says she's from Sumeria. The ...
11
votes
1answer
2k views

What demons/fabulous creatures did the Sumerians mention?

I'm looking into fabulous creatures and demons specifically in Sumerian texts, or, if possible, in Akkadian texts but where the creature/demon still had a Sumerian origin. I can't seem to find a ...
14
votes
1answer
3k views

What is the meaning of the word “me” in The Descent of Inanna

In The Descent of Inanna, the word "me" is used as a noun in several places: With the me in her possession, she prepared herself: ... She who receives the me of the underworld does not return. ...
16
votes
4answers
5k views

Why does Ishtar go to the underworld?

In the short story Descent of the Goddess Ishtar into the Lower World, Ishtar travels to the underworld, and then returns. To the land of no return, the land of darkness, Ishtar, the daughter ...
18
votes
2answers
1k views

Why does Inanna rejoice at her wondrous vulva?

In Wolkstein and Kramer's telling of "Inanna and the God of Wisdom" (ISBN 978-0060908546) Inanna placed the shugurra, the crown of the steppe, on her head. She went to the sheepfold, to the ...
17
votes
5answers
14k views

Was the story of Adam and Eve influenced by Sumerian Ninti and Enki?

Was the story of Adam and Eve from Book of Genesis influenced by the Sumerian story of Enki and Ninti? On Wikipedia page about Ninti we can read: Some scholars suggest that this served as the ...
11
votes
2answers
3k views

What is the difference between Igigi and Anunnaki deities?

On Anunnaki Wikipedia page we can read: Their relation to the group of gods known as the Igigi is unclear – at times the names are used synonymously but in the Atra-Hasis flood myth the Igigi are the ...
13
votes
1answer
2k views

What kind of distinctive clothing depicted Sumerian gods?

Was there any distinctive clothing which depicted Sumerian gods (Anunnaki) and their ranks? Like wearing helmets with horns? Few examples: cylinder seal VA/243 Akkadian Cylinder Seal of Adda (c. ...
12
votes
2answers
5k views

Are Noah and Ziusudra the same person?

There are similarities between the stories of Noah from the Bible and Ziusudra hero of the Sumerian flood epic. Both stories describe a flood myth. Based on what kind of information/similarities we ...
3
votes
1answer
1k views

What kind of being was Huwawa?

Humbaba was the guardian of the Cedar Forest and was fought by Gilgamesh. Some say Humbaba is a monstrous giant and some say he was a dangerous mechanical monster (like a robot). For example in ...
21
votes
7answers
5k views

What is the meaning of the star symbols appearing on seal VA 243?

Here is the picture of cylinder seal VA/243. Image credits: Z. Sitchin This seal was named like that because it is number 243 in the collection of the Vorderasiatische Museum in Berlin. What is the ...
6
votes
1answer
2k views

How many Great Gods did the Sumerians have?

How many Great Gods did the Sumerians have? Was it twelve, as counted on Wikipedia, or it's just a coincidence? Does the number of Great Gods have any meaning? For example in this article it's ...
1
vote
1answer
642 views

What was the Plant of Everlasting Youth? [duplicate]

In which story we can find information about the Plant of Everlasting Youth and what kind of plant it was? Did it give immortality or something else?
3
votes
2answers
881 views

Who were the Anunnaki according to Sumerians' tales?

Who were the Anunnaki? Were they gods, demigods or different race? And what was their role? How do we tell who they were? I am looking for primary or canonical sources that explain about the ...
9
votes
2answers
3k views

How do we know that Gilgamesh was a demigod?

The Wikipedia page suggest that in the epic, Gilgamesh is a demigod of superhuman strength. How do we know he was a demigod? What makes someone a demigod? Did he possess some special powers that ...
7
votes
1answer
8k views

How did Gilgamesh die?

Do we know how and in which circumstances Gilgamesh died? According to these answers seems that The Epic of Gilgamesh doesn't mention that, however Wikipedia page mention something about Sumerian ...
19
votes
2answers
12k views

What was the plant that Gilgamesh found after Utnapishtim's story?

I'm assuming that the Gilgamesh myth is fairly distinct from the Mesoamerican Fountain of Youth and the Hindu Soma, but are there any corroborating myths or other research into the details of the ...