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The name of the deity represented by the planet in question, strictly speaking, is Lucifer, or Luciferus, that is, as far as Roman mythology is concerned. His Greek equivalent has a few different names, the commonest of which are Eosphoros and Phosphoros. The majority of Roman mythology is older Greek stories copy+pasted into new files with the Greek names ...


6

Capricornus, as a constellation, is seen in the Babylonian MUL.APIN tablets, believed to be compiled around 1000 BC, named SUḪUR.MÁŠ (as can the rest of the modern zodiac, in one form or another). The goat-fish chimera's first depiction is earlier, on a seal dated sometime around 2000 BC (Origins of the ancient Constellations, John H Rogers). It is ...


6

As I recall, Lucifer comes from the Latin lux (light), thus as the "star" that hearkens the sunrise, you get "lucifer", which combines lux and fero (bear or carry). In terms of how and when various terms were used, that will require some real scholarship, but here is my attempt at a primer: Cicero uses the names of the gods, including Venus, to refer to ...


5

I did some quick searching and found this page recounting a British nursery rhyme, with the oldest version accounted to be: One for sorrow, Two for mirth, Three for a funeral And four for birth. SOURCE: British Bird Lovers referencing Proverbs and Popular Saying of the Seasons by Michael Aislabie Denham The rhyme appears to have several ...


5

In recent time the association seems to have been generally dismissed but not so long ago it was credible. Roland B. Dixon, The Color-Symbolism of the Cardinal Points, J. of American Folklore, V. 12, No. 44 (Jan. - Mar., 1899), pp. 10-16 is perhaps an outdated example. The 7-regioned cosmos of the Pueblo peoples (yellow-corn of the North, blue of the ...


4

You can trace this back to either the Mesopotamian Gilgamesh epic, or ancient Egyptian constellations, mutated during the Greek rule of Egypt of the Ptolemaic dynasties. Much has been written on the first, but only recently the latter has been studied in greater detail, and it actually has links with the Gilgamesh epic, so I will elaborate on the latter ...


3

As far as the sun is concerned, the answer is: Yes... but also No. For somewhat different reasons, this gets very complicated and even confused particularly with regard to three of the classical seven planets in question, namely the sun, the moon, and Venus. Sun and Moon In ancient Greco-Roman cosmology, as celestial objects themselves, the sun and the ...


3

Lucifer is the Latin name of Eôsphoros, who was paired up with Vesper. Eôsphoros means dawn-bringer. They were Astra Planeta, gods of the five planets. EOSPHOROS and HESPEROS were the gods of the star (astron planeta) Venus. But remember that it is present day - they did not call the planet they saw in the sky Aphrodite. So, it is, in fact, Lucifer.


3

Astrology is all about the perspective of the planets (which includes the Sun and Moon) as seen from Earth. It has always been considered that the more distant a planet, the less significant its influence. The outer planets become more subtle and affect longer periods of time. This subtlety meant that earlier astrological pronouncements using only the ...


3

If you read the book "Divine Love Astrology: Revealing Spiritual Truth for Personal Transformation" it briefly mentions the following. The symbol for Cancer represents a crab's claws and also symbolizes the yin and yang or the male and the female joined in the fertilized egg. Cancer I believe has often been viewed as very carrying so maybe this has ...


2

What we call "Western" astronomy has its roots is Mesopotamian astronomy, it came to us by the book of Ezekiel, which copies the Babylonian model. The association of zodiac signs with elements and modalities is a Greek addition based on the work of Empedocles. This uses the following symbols for modalities: Cardinal Fixed Mutable


2

I have struggled to find a taxonomy of special stones or gems that takes the modern approach like a reference book. Under luminous gemstones there are part mythical part story works of scholarship. I haven't read any of these [obvious] but to me : Bencao Gangmu was a medical book in China in the late 1500's. So from that wikipedia entry: Compendium of ...


1

Yes, that is the case. In Ancient Greece, sun-worship personified by Helios had once been prevalent and powerful among the people of the pre-Hellenic culture, but very few of the communities of the later historic period retained it as a potent factor of the state religion. According to Roman sources, the worship of the sun personified by Sol was introduced ...


1

...the northern constellations circle the North star, therefore it is the hub, which is to say the seat of the axle/axis. So, for those cultures that envisage this hypothetical pillar as a tree, the bear and the dragon circle this tree most closely...


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Surely the standard history applies: late antiquity sources, compiled in medieval encyclopedias, recycled since the Renaissance. Not being an expert I can just suggest some links Camillo Leonardi (1451 – 1550) Speculum lapidum. The mirror of stones (London : Printed for J. Freeman in Fleet-street, 1750) : In which the nature, generation, properties, ...


1

Sekhmet as the Bull Queen at the times of Seti's Reign The Bull was an animal signifying the Sun and the Spring Equinox. It is a wild speculation that whenever Sekhmet-star ( inasmuch as Sirius is Isis, Io, Sothis, Dog-Star) was rising before Ra (Heliacal Rising) in the Spring morning, it signified the given ruler-ship. You may find some clues in the ...


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