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21 votes
Accepted

How did Athena keep from being turned into stone by her shield?

Well, according to Ovid, she din't put Medusa's entire head on the shield, just the snakes from her hair: Jupiter’s daughter turned away, and hid her chaste eyes behind her aegis. So that it might ...
  • 4,419
18 votes
Accepted

What happened to Metis after the birth of Athena?

There are two possibilities here: Either, Metis was killed when Zeus swallowed her: It may seem odd for Metis to have been pregnant with Athena but, never mentioned as her mother. This is ...
  • 878
17 votes
Accepted

How were Athena and Ares worshipped in relation to war?

Those two gods were worshipped differently. Η Αθηνά, η οποία ξεκίνησε ως πάνοπλη Θεά του πολέμου και στη συνέχεια εξελίχθηκε σε πολιούχο Θεά της Αθήνας και σύμβολο της σοφίας, (...) Ο αιμοδιψής ...
11 votes
Accepted

Why is Athena often referred to as Pallas when it comes to her warrior side?

There is no clear explanation on this and opinions seem to vary, some of which are the following: The name comes from a Giant called Πάλλαντας (Pallantas), whom Athena killed during the Titanomachy. ...
10 votes
Accepted

Why is Athena "gray eyed"?

The word γλαυκῶπις shares its root with γλαύξ, the word for owl. Owls are known for their large and distinctive eyes, which are adapted for low light hunting. Thus, I believe the epithet is a ...
  • 16.7k
8 votes
Accepted

What is that on Athena's chest?

It's not clear from your picture, but the face is most probably a Gorgoneion, a recurring element of Athena's iconography: In Ancient Greece, the Gorgoneion (Greek: Γοργόνειον) was a special ...
  • 16.7k
7 votes
Accepted

Why was the Greek deity of warfare and wisdom (Athena) female, and how did the Greeks rationalize this?

Athena was more or less the counterpart of Ares in all things (also in gender). For one, Ares was hated to the point where Zeus called Ares a whining double faced liar who is most hateful of all gods ...
  • 4,001
7 votes
Accepted

Why would Athena fear Poseidon?

As yannis pointed out in the comments, Athena cannot be considered stronger than Poseidon, and you're assuming too much here. Poseidon is one of the most powerful gods, along with his brothers Zeus ...
  • 1,260
7 votes
Accepted

If Athena was born from Zeus' brain, does this mean Athena is a manifestation of Zeus' intelligence?

The Metis story is interesting because according to the prophecy Metis would have two children - Athena and then a son who would ovethrow Zeus. This would have represented a triumph for the Titans, ...
  • 5,828
7 votes

If Athena was born from Zeus' brain, does this mean Athena is a manifestation of Zeus' intelligence?

Yes and no. It depends on how you look at it. Athena is Zeus' favorite. She is a "daddy's girl" for sure, siding with the father over the mother in the trial of Orestes. He gives her the aegis to ...
  • 13.9k
5 votes

Why is Athena "gray eyed"?

The currently preferred view of Greek etymologists is that γλαύξ "owl" and the colour-adjective γλαυκός (in Homer the colour of the sea, later generally “grey”) are not etymologically connected. If ...
  • 422
5 votes
Accepted

Was King Polydectes the last petrified by Medusa?

Ariadne and the Battle of the Brothers In one source, Perseus is supposed to have used Medusa's power at least once after Seriphos. In the last third of the second-last book of his epic, the ...
  • 9,443
5 votes
Accepted

Does the cap of Hades keep one's accessories hidden?

In Homer's Illiad, in the conflict between Athena and Ares, Athena puts on the cap and becomes completely invisible to Ares. Then Pallas Athene grasped the lash and the reins, and against Ares first ...
  • 4,001
5 votes
Accepted

What bird species is associated with Pallas Athēnē?

The animal that is commonly associated with Athena is the γλαῦξ (glaux), which is often translated simply as 'owl', but actually refers specifically to the Athene noctua. See for example the γλαῦξ ...
  • 1,624
4 votes

Does the cap of Hades keep one's accessories hidden?

One can perhaps approach it from a perspective of the history of science and think about how the people at the time would have understood the physics of seeing and light. You ask the very good ...
4 votes
Accepted

When did Zeus get the aegis?

The nature of the aegis depends on what source you're looking at. Euripides suggests that the aegis was the skin of the slain Gorgon, but the Gorgon is commonly held to be a later addition. ...
  • 13.9k
4 votes

What is the nature of Athena's relationship to the Furies?

Athena has similarities to the Furies, and they both go back to pre-Classical, Mycenean religion. I'm not sure there's a direct connection between them. Athena is also a virgin deity, born of a ...
  • 5,828
4 votes

Why is Athena "gray eyed"?

It depends, as Yannis said, on the translation. Wikipedia says: In Homer's epic works, Athena's most common epithet is Glaukopis (γλαυκῶπις), which usually is translated as, "bright-eyed" or "...
  • 5,828
4 votes

How did Athena keep from being turned into stone by her shield?

Athena probably wouldn't have been turned to stone from Medusa's head since Athena was the one who cursed Medusa to look like that in the first place using her own power. Like if someone tried to use ...
  • 49
3 votes

Why did Athena breathe life into the man Prometheus created?

Athena never did. There was also an account, stating that Prometheus had created men out of earth and water, at the very beginning of the human race, or after the flood of Deucalion, when Zeus is ...
  • 6,669
3 votes
Accepted

What did Odysseus and his men do to err Athena?

Before the sack of Troy, Diomedes and Odysseus sneak into Troy and steal the Palladium , a wooden statue of Athena, from her temple. A prophecy stated that Troy could not fall as long as the statue ...
  • 1,593
3 votes

What is special about children of Athena?

In Greek mythology, Athena swore herself to virginity, she had no children born from her. According to some localized myths, she adopted a single child, born from Gaia called Erichthonius. Rick ...
  • 5,286
2 votes
Accepted

Are there any myths that prove Athena was the favorite daughter of Zeus?

In the Iliad (Book V) Ares complains to Zeus that he lets Athena - the pestilent maiden - get away with anything: Speedily he came to the abode of the gods, to steep Olympus, and sate him down by the ...
2 votes
Accepted

What was Athena's punishment for her involvement in a plot against Zeus?

There was none It is specifically noted in this passage from wikipedia that there is doubt as to whether the event is canonical mythology or simply a creation of Homer to add literary weight to ...
2 votes

Was King Polydectes the last petrified by Medusa?

I've found at least one case while reading Petrifaction in mythology and fiction in Wikipedia. Iodame, a priestess at the temple of Athena Itonia, daughter of Itonus and granddaughter of Amphictyon, ...
  • 2,267
2 votes

Has Athena, Greek goddess of Wisdom, ever lost?

Yes. Athena (and Hera) lost the Judgment of Paris to Aphrodite: [E.3.2] For one of these reasons Strife threw an apple as a prize of beauty to be contended for by Hera, Athena, and Aphrodite; and ...
  • 16.7k
2 votes

Why is Athena "gray eyed"?

If the word for "grey-eyed" and "owl" share a linguistic history, then the correct translation would be "bright-eyed" since literally it would read, "with the eyes of an owl" which generally fall in ...
  • 21
2 votes

What happened to Metis after the birth of Athena?

I know she escaped. There is a Greek tablet (the tablet was marble, and it's in a museum in Crete) that says when she hammered her essence into Athena's things, she hammered the last bit into a rock. ...
  • 21

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