The Grail -Two Studies (p 51). By Leopold von Schroeder, Alexander Jacob:
The representation of the sun as heavenly mill has already been ascertained by Kuhn. "In German folk-songs the morning sun appears as a mill when it grinds silver and gold on the mountain. On the representation of the sun as a mill is based the fact that the Milky Way, in which ...
Note that the Kalevala is not the original source for the Sampo (or anything else). In the early 1800s, the author of Kalevala, Elias Lönnrot, along with others travelled around Finland and Karelia writing down local folk lore. He then composed the Kalevala by putting various folk stories and songs together in a single more or less consistent epic. In the ...
The numbers likely have no special significance.
The quoted passages all share one feature: they use parallelism, specifically one in which a number is named in one line, and then in the next line the next higher number is used instead. This is an interesting feature of the text which occurs many times. One can also find similar features in old Semitic ...
Came across these clues while investigating 'the goat'. It's a work in progress, for sure.
There are a few different names that the Pleiades are known as in traditional Ukrainian folklore. Some of these names are Stozhary, which can be traced etymologically to the word stozharnya, ...
The list actually contains 24 gods: 12 from Tavastia and 12 from Karelia. This is not a full answer as I'm not an expert in the subject, but roughly translated the list goes as follows.
TAPIO metsästä pyydykset soi
Tapio brought the catch from the forest
Tapio was the king of forests and hunters prayed to him before a hunt.
ja AHTI ...
Kuokammies means "Ploughman", and Könni is a Finnish Family name. So "The Ploughman of Könni".
It's also a song by a Finnish Band, lyrics in English provided.
Lyrics remind me of Johannes Von Saaz' "Death and the Plowman"
Edit: I just copied the Finnish text you linked into Google Translate and got this:
Könn's dancer is one of Finland's most famous ...