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46

Common Ancestry Both the Ancient Greeks and Romans were descended from Proto-Indo-Europeans. While the two groups had diverged, they continued to share remnants of a common language and other features including mythology. The most obvious sign of this is the chief deities of their respective pantheons: Zeus and Jupiter: both derive from the Proto-Indo-...


43

It was looking directly into Medusa's eyes that would turn a mortal to stone, not the whole of her face. Using the shield as a mirror meant that even if Medusa's gaze fell upon Perseus, it would be at an angle. Not that it mattered in the end, as Perseus was lucky enough to catch Medusa and her sisters sleeping: But the Gorgons had heads twined about with ...


39

The number 12 is used in most religions as something holy and perfect. In every religion you can see that the number twelve is always present in main events or facts: e.g. Greek Mythology: Labours of Hercules, the Dodecatheon and twelve Titans, according to Hesiod. Christianity: The 12 Disciples of Christ Norse Mythology: Odin had 12 sons Islam: There are ...


39

If you only look at the greatest Greek heroes, yes, of course their offspring don't surpass them. They are the greatest heroes, after all. I mean, Telemachus is no slouch, but you're comparing him to Odysseus. The greatest heroes do have heroic fathers as well: Peleus was king of the Myrmidons, a member of the Argonauts, and participant in the hunt for ...


36

A 'god' is synonymous to a 'deity'; the Titans and Titanesses were gods, they were members of the second order of divine beings - after Gaia and Uranus, and the other primordial deities. Cronus and his fellow Titans comprised the second Ancient Greek pantheon (the first comprising of deities such as Ananke, Gaea, and Ouranos), which the younger generation ...


32

In Greek Mythology, the Minotaur was a singular creature, the man/bull hybrid offspring of King Minos' wife. Minotaur is a proper noun meaning "bull of Minos", while the creature itself was known as Asterion in its native Crete. The use of Minotaur as a species name, and the idea that more of these creatures exist, is a purely 20th Century concept, ...


30

Πανδώρα (παν + δώρα): the all-gifted Etymology of Pandora The myth of Pandora (the first mortal woman) is misinterpreted. I've seen many modern books wrongly claiming that hope did escape the box and, despite all evil that was spread throughout the land, people still hoped that better days would soon come. Hesiod is the one that refers to the box (it ...


28

The Minotaur was a lone creature, the first and only of it's kind. The unfortunate result of a Greek God loosing his temper. Shortly after King Minos (or Minos The King) ascended to the throne of the island of Crete, he began to pray to Poseidon for a sign of his right to sit on said throne. Poseidon sent a snow-white bull, the Cretan Bull, out of the sea ...


25

The Greek Gods have their own hierarchy/timeline going on. First were the primordial deities, the first beings in existence, which included Uranus and Gaia. Then, descended from the primordial deities were the Titans, which included Chronos and Rhea (Zeus' parents). Note that the Titans were still deities. According to Wikipedia: Among the first ...


25

I don't think it's explicitly said, but essentially, as being constantly unable to control himself, yet still being married to Hera, Zeus had two problems: Hera, ever jealous was constantly after him. As a result, Zeus kept trying different tricks with which to hide from her (which never worked). Once, he tried blanketing the earth in clouds and ...


24

We don't know. The only sources for the story are Plato's dialogues Timaeus and Critias, for all we know the story of Atlantis is a completely fictitious product. That said, any of the following historical catastrophes may have been an inspiration for Atlantis: Minoan eruption Thera (partially) sunk as a result of the eruption, which also produced a ...


23

According to Hesiod, by the time the Olympians came to power, Golden man had vanished. Hugh G. Evelyn-White's translation of Works and Days (from ellopos.net) describes them as (ll. 109-120) First of all the deathless gods who dwell on Olympus made a golden race of mortal men who lived in the time of Cronos when he was reigning in heaven. And they lived ...


22

It seems there is only one: Ganymede. I've consulted these sources for a list of Zeus' lovers: Zeus Lovers by J.M. Hunt Zeus' Lovers | GreekMythology.com Zeus's Love Affairs by Nancy Conner Zeus's Many Lovers by Kip Wheeler Here are his lovers, in alphabetical order: Aegina, a nymph Alcmene, princess of Mycenae by whom Zeus fathered Heracles Callisto, a ...


21

The River Styx is one of the five rivers of the Greek Underworld, rivers that separate Hades from the land of the living. During the Titanomachy (the Titan war), which was fought between the Titans and the Olympians, the goddess Styx sided with the Olympians. Once the war was won, Zeus, king of the Olympians, promised that every oath be sworn on Styx's ...


21

Zeus did that. Hermes was the son of Zeus, but he grew up very quickly and one day he decided to seek out adventure. The first thing he thought of was to steal Apollon's oxes and he actually did that. Apollon didn't know who it was at first, but he soon found out that Hermes stole the oxes and took Hermes to Olympus on trial. Hermes confessed the crime and ...


21

Plato suggests a connection between the monthly feasts, the Greek tribes and the gods: For the law will state that there are twelve feasts to the twelve gods who give their names to the several tribes: to each of these they shall perform monthly sacrifices and assign choirs and musical contests, and also gymnastic contests, as is suitable both to the gods ...


21

There is no direct link between Chiron and Charon. That similarity means nothing; to have a direct link through their names, their meanings would have to be similar, not just the letters of which they consist. Το όνομα Χάρων πιθανότατα προέρχεται από το επίθετο "χάρων", που αποτελεί ποιητικό τύπο του αρχαίου χαροπός/ -ωπός < ρήμα χαίρω. Δεδομένου ότι ο ...


21

Well, according to Ovid, she din't put Medusa's entire head on the shield, just the snakes from her hair: Jupiter’s daughter turned away, and hid her chaste eyes behind her aegis. So that it might not go unpunished, she changed the Gorgon’s hair to foul snakes. And now, to terrify her enemies, numbing them with fear, the goddess wears the snakes, that she ...


21

Both are correct: if you're not going to call him Ἡρακλῆς, then you need some way of representing his name in the Roman alphabet. Systems for doing this have changes over time. The letter "k" fell out of use in Latin so, classically the letter kappa (κ) has been transliterated as "c", and this carried through to English. However, in the modern ...


20

While the vast majority of Zeus's lovers were female, one of Zeus's lovers was the mortal Ganymede. Ganymede is noted as the only one of Zeus's lovers to whom he granted immortality.


20

According to the traditional geneaology of the Greek Gods, Cronus had six children with Rhea: Hestia, Zeus, Hera, Poseidon, Hades and Demeter. All children were part of at least one major variation of the Twelve Olympians and - with the exception of Hestia - had temples honouring them. Hestia was Cronus firstborn and her sanctuary was the hearth of the ...


19

They couldn't be much more different, really. Ares was part of a dichotomy of war gods, comprised of himself and Athena. While Athena represented wisdom, strategy and generalship in war, Ares represented base aggression and the brutal side of war. As such, he wasn't particularly well regarded by the greek populace, and instances of his worship are ...


19

It is a commonly held belief that The Labyrinth is in fact the Palace of Knossos The Labyrinth has been described as : ... a maze-like building of winding corridors and complicated twists and turns, which confused anyone who entered it so much that he could not find the way out. Which could be considered an apt description of the palace. The Palace of ...


19

Actually the list of moon-goddesses goes on since, according to Selene's Theoi page: Other Greek moon goddesses included Pasiphae, the Leukippides, Eileithyia, Hekate, Artemis, Bendis, and Hera (who sometimes doubled for Selene in the Endymion myth). But let's focus first on the one you mentioned: Artemis. Her association with the moon seems relatively ...


18

tl;dr Mob rule. Penelope didn't have a choice. She may have been Queen of Ithaca, but she had little actual power. All men loyal to Odysseus had followed him to Troy, she simply had no way of forcing the suitors to leave the palace. And of course she feared that antagonizing the suitors in any way would put Telemachus' life in danger. Nevertheless, ...


18

There are two possibilities here: Either, Metis was killed when Zeus swallowed her: It may seem odd for Metis to have been pregnant with Athena but, never mentioned as her mother. This is because the classic Greeks believed that children were generated solely from the fathers sperm. The women was thought to be nothing more than a vessel for the ...


18

The more popular version of the Talos story can be found in the Argonautica. In it, Talos was an automaton, a self operating machine. He was forged by Hephaistos and was tasked by Zeus to guard Europa's hideout in mount Dikti (in Crete): And Talos, the man of bronze, as he broke off rocks from the hard cliff, stayed them from fastening hawsers to the ...


17

It certainly seems that the Greek invasion of India led to the introduction of the first statues of the Buddha. The Greeks loved to make statues of their deities, but the early Buddhists did not. See this answer on Buddhism Stack Exchange: Did the Buddha discourage antropomorphic representations of himself? Alexander himself certainly seemed interested in ...


17

Kore was the Ancient Greek word for young girl, the equivalent of our maiden, and Persephone was often referred to as such to highlight her innocence.


17

There is some disagreement on this issue. According to Theogony, lines 881-885 (emphasis mine): But when the blessed gods completed their toil and made settlement of honors for the Titans by brute force, they urged wide-seeing Olympian Zeus in accord with the advice of Gaia to be king and lord, and he apportioned provinces to them well. However, in the ...


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