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6 votes

Is Emily Wilson's 2018 translation of Homer's Odyssey correct to say the sorceress Circe had nymphs as 'slaves' (Book 10 line 349)?

In 10.349 the word is δρήστειραι “labourers, working-women” (Liddell and Scott); “servants; maids” (Beekes); “workers, servants” (Oxford Classical Dictionary). I guess that Wilson’s rationale for ...
Gareth Rees's user avatar
5 votes
Accepted

Is there any ancient source that says the Augean Stables hadn't been cleaned for 30 years?

The oldest reference to the 30 year figure I've been able to find, comes from a 17th century translation of Diodorus Siculus' Bibliotheca historic, translated by H.C. Gent and published in 1653. That ...
Semaphore's user avatar
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4 votes

Mythology of Crete

This is a good question, but because Minoan culture (ie. pre-Greek Cretan civilisation) has two main contemporary written sources: Linear A and Linear B script, and since Linear A is still as-yet not ...
Daniel's user avatar
  • 41
4 votes
Accepted

What is the great gulf mentioned by Hesiod?

Yes, this "great gulf" (χάσμα μέγ') and chaos are one and the same. Gulf, chasm, abyss, void, or gap is an older meaning (LSJ; Wiki) for a term that in modern English has come to mean ...
Brian Donovan's user avatar
3 votes

What is the greek/roman myth with woman proud of her three sons but they die

Probably Kleobis and Biton. When they could not find their oxen to pull the cart, they themselves drew the cart the six miles so their mother could attend a festival at the temple of Hera, and when ...
Mary's user avatar
  • 943
3 votes

What's the difference between daimons and gods in Greek mythology?

The word daimon in Greek (δαίμων) generally just meant "divine power." It's god in the abstract. This is especially true at the earlier stages of Greek literature, such as in the Homeric ...
cmw's user avatar
  • 7,264
3 votes

Is there any evidence as to which incidents in the Odyssey were invented by Homer and which were existing legends (apart from the Trojan War)?

The short answer is that Homer is clearly drawing on existing fables, stories, myths, and even epics to create his. This much is by necessity. The problem is that the details are and will likely ...
cmw's user avatar
  • 7,264
2 votes

Odysseus raid on the Cicones at Ismaros (Odyssey Book 9 lines 40-66)

The Odyssey is a nostos, a tale of a hero's homecoming from the great war. In its opening lines, it alludes to its own membership in this epic subgenre, and even uses the expression nostimon ēmar, ...
Brian Donovan's user avatar
2 votes
Accepted

How would the Gates of Ivory and Horn from the Odyssey be said in ancient Greek?

It seems that the Greek is set on the genitive singular for "ivory" and genitive plural for "horn". Moreover, the singular of "gate" in Greek is πύλη. So you get πύλη ...
cmw's user avatar
  • 7,264
2 votes
Accepted

Did the ancient Greeks establish a time when Prometheus gave fire to humans?

Pretty much, yes, at least according to one source, although that source, technically is Roman, from the time of Augustus Cæsar, and thus nearly a millennium later than Hesiod's Theogony. At the turn ...
Adinkra's user avatar
  • 9,833
2 votes

How is 𐌂𐌀𐌕𐌌𐌉𐌕𐌄, a.k.a Catamite, the Etruscan form of Gadymedes?

Regular Sound Change It's been a while since I looked at Etruscan, but two things that stuck out was that the language doesn't seem to get along well with voiced stops (like [g] and [d]), and also ...
elemtilas's user avatar
  • 623
1 vote

Was there a god called Tyrimnas or Tyrimnos worshipped at Thyatira?

Yes, Tyrimnos (or Tyrimnus in the Latinized spelling) was indeed worshiped as a hero in antiquity. The chief evidence for him we have, I believe, comes from coins and inscriptions naming him. An ...
cmw's user avatar
  • 7,264
1 vote

How to become immortal in Western world in compare to Chinese legends and western mythology?

In Greco-Roman mythos, the way to become immortal was to eat ambrosia, the food of the gods. Alas, the only real way for humans to obtain it was to undergo apotheosis and become a god. In Norse ...
Mary's user avatar
  • 943
1 vote

Where is it said that Pandora opened the box out of curiosity?

From what I can gather, we assume Pandora opened the box out of curiosity because when it's told as a cautionary tale, we twist it to make it seem like she opened it because of her humanity, hence ...
LittleMythGirl's user avatar
1 vote

Why does Cronus have the power to cast hailstones, in the Dionysiaca of Nonnus?

The titans never really had specified "powers", per se. They were never worshipped as widely as the Olympians, and their role in mythology is mostly to be overthrown by their children. Since ...
Draconis's user avatar
  • 1,288
1 vote

Did Greek mythology feature any significant Heroes without a divine lineage?

If you go up the family tree (as much as you can with varying parentages), most mythological figures will have an ancestor that is divine. One of the only ones that comes to mind, as a hero who didn't ...
JackJones's user avatar
1 vote

What is the name of the lake in Frogs?

The lake in The Frogs is the Acherusian lake (λιμνη Αχερουσιος), into which the river Acheron flows. The identity of the lake seems clear from the directions to the underworld given by Heracles in the ...
Gareth Rees's user avatar
1 vote

Symbolism behind Hephaestus riding a donkey

Hera had once driven Dionysus to go mad. While he searched for a temple of Zeus in which to cure himself, he came upon a large marsh. He was unable in his maddened state to reason his way past it, but ...
Michael Clark's user avatar

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