20

Sorry to say, it's actually nothing more than the Elder Futhark, the eldest of the runic alphabets. You can read more on it on Wikipedia. A good giveaway that it doesn't "say" anything is the lack of repeating characters on the pendant.


15

The following quotes are taken from Spirits, Fairies, Leprechauns and Goblins - An Encyclopedia, by Carol Rose (highly recommended). In the entry for Brownies: Families were proud of their Brownies as they brought good fortune; to lose one was disastrous. [...] In general, the Brownie was the most industrious of the household spirits, ploughing, ...


12

As others said, the symbols spell the runic alphabet from the Elder Futhark. They circle Yggdrasil, the mythical tree that connects the nine worlds in Norse cosmology, where Odin hung himself in order to attain the knowledge that he shares with those who pursue runemal.


11

My name is Emerson C Velloso, and this is my archaeoastronomical contribution to Professor Michael S Heiser: The man seated is Ninurta, He's not only the God of the Farmers and Plow, He is also the God of War, related to the planet Saturn! The big star in the center is Saturn. These Akkadian representations are not realistic, but only systematic... even ...


10

Turn your cloaks / For fairy folks / Are in old oaks - Old English saying I couldn't find a definitive explanation of why this legend happens. What I have ascertained is that it turns up absolutely everywhere, not just in Irish stories. I have found a few quotes that begin to offer a reason (although, I have to say, not a hugely satisfying one). The main ...


9

The beautiful mind (soul) only finds pleasure (happiness) in unconditional love (heart). The heart (unconditional love) likewise only finds happiness (pleasure) in the soul (beautiful mind). Diligence is required to join the two together as one. The mind does most of the work, while the heart mainly just waits patiently. Love being divine, quite naturally ...


8

This is literally the Elder Futhark runic alphabet spelled out. In other words it's the equivalent of "ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ"


7

Preface: This subject is complicated by changing social standards. Forced marriage has been routinely practiced around the world into the contemporary era, depending on the society. (This is a major theme of Game of Thrones, as is the condition of women in pre-modern societies in general.) The Rape of the Sabine Women can provide some context. I see three ...


7

From the video: “A certain scripture mentions that humans are superior beings to angels." The character misunderstands the scriptural reference - it refers to Jesus, not to humans generally. (Though humans who find the 'Narrow Path' will be "given a new name" - Rev. 2:17, and others.) Hebrews 1:5 (KJV) (Commentaries can be found here: https://...


6

Here is the way the whole story after the plowing of Denmark by Gefjun is summarized in another work by Snorri Struluson, the Ynglinga Saga: Now when Odin heard that things were in a prosperous condition in the land to the east beside Gylve; he went thither, and Gylve made a peace with him, for Gylve thought he had no strength to oppose the people of ...


5

Nope. Not even close (okay, a little bit). According to my source, the symbol is actually a star (just one). It looks kinda confusing like a solar system or a Sun. To make a Sun, you must at least meet this regulation for this type of art: The sun symbol always has either four arms plus wavy lines extending from a "ball" in the middle, or it is a ball ...


5

Something I never see mentioned concerning this seal and the "solar system" is why only including Pluto makes no sense. Since you can't see all the planets with the naked eye, I believe the idea is that the information of our "correct" solar system was passed down by those posing as "gods". However, here lies my issue. If you do a simple Google search for ...


4

There is an alternate explanation based on Roman conscripts in Roman Britain from Eastern Europe that the Romans credited with introducing the Stirrup to the Roman Cavalry. The defeated province in Eastern Europe was required to provide a certain number of young conscripts to the Roman army each year that had been trained in the use of Cavalry using their ...


4

I see the stages of spiritual awakening reflected in each labor: Stage I: Labor of Sorting Seeds - Beginning. Journey of intentionally creating internal order through disciplined action with an aim. We easily imagine the fast movement of the ants working at their aim without distraction and with great speed. It mesmerizes. They can also carry 1000 times ...


4

"Solve et coagula" is the principle underlying alchemy: dissolve materials to their constituents and re-assemble these into something else. Fulcanelli writes of this quote: If you know how to dissolve the fixed, And to make the dissolved fly, Then to fix the flying in powder, You have something to console yourself with.


3

I believe this version is a bit more illuminating. Grey at birth seems to imply by the surrounding text to mean a belief they are mature before their time. Thereafter, would that I were not among the men of the fifth generation, but either had died before or been born afterwards. For now truly is a race of iron, and men never rest from labour and sorrow ...


3

Let me try to answer your question by example of Eastern mythology and philosophy as I'm most familiar with those academically. The origin of much the confusion is that the first translations from the scriptures of other cultures were either written or based on dictionaries created by Christian missionaries, as they were obligated to learn enough about the ...


3

If memory serves, Mikhail Bakunin was particularly fond of the story of Prometheus, the Titan of forethought. Prometheus defied the Olympians (the ruling class), stole fire from Zeus (the king) and gifted it to humanity. It does not get any more anti-authority than that! Here's one version of the myth, from Hesiod's Works and Days: For the gods keep ...


3

The long pregnancy is probably to underline how unnatural the whole thing was: Völsung's father Rerir made several failed attempt to impregnate his wife, but only succeeded after being given a magical apple from the gods to eat. There is likely no special significance to the exact timespan.


2

Apparently, either my research jiu-jitsu is flawed, or the first cylinder is a forgery. First of all, it does not resemble any of the Cuneiform writings that are historically known, secondarily there is no such item in the VA (I checked the items archive online and JSTOR for any notice of VA item 243). If you want to know more about Sumerians, I recommend ...


2

An anarchist message can be found in Antigone's refusal to abide by King Creon's decree to leave her brother unburied, as dramatized in the play "Seven Against Thebes" by Aeschylus. Interestingly, the first known use of the word "anarchy" in a political context is in line 1035 of the play.


2

Re: Why "august" It's a function of translation into European languages. It comes from the Latin usage: augustus and was a title employed initially by Octavian, who was deified after his death. I'm not finding anything on Amaterasu referencing mortal beginnings, so we can probably discard the Roman association with deified rulers, and focus on the literal ...


2

I basically answer this question from the sources in another question here so I'll modify it for your question. Aoife is a warrior woman who Cú's teacher Scáthach seems to have an ongoing feud with: At that time also Scathach had a feud against other tribes, over whom was the princess Aife. ... she was afraid of Aiffe, because she was the hardest ...


2

This probably derives from the Greek coinage spagyria, which itself is supposed to come from 'σπάω' and 'ἀγείρω.' These words roughly correspond to "solve" and "coagula," or divide and join. This word was used by Paracelsus, perhaps the most famous alchemist. I am using Andrew Weeks' translation, which I believe is from the (original?) German text. Here ...


2

I think it's more along the lines of Jason needing children to continue his 'noble line', the implied insult being that Medea has no noble line and therefore no need to have children. As Medea is the daughter of a King, this is an insult both to her and her family.


1

Ellen Conroy The Symbolism of Color (1921) is a popular book on the topic and has been reissued. A more serious approach would be Marshall Sahlins (1976) Colors and Cultures, Semiotica, Vol.16, p.1–22. This leads into the contemporary debate about naming/distinguishing colors which has a long history. In a nutshell: it is culturally relativistic, so only '...


1

Really, none. Both paintings show that Zeus led Europa away in the form of a bull. The only difference I can make between those paintings are the fact that the first one is only Europa is the only one, while the second, she is with her friends, being misled by Zeus.


Only top voted, non community-wiki answers of a minimum length are eligible