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The Romans were not the first and only to apply this practice. The seven classical planets (visible to the naked eye, 5 of which today are considered actual planets) were named after deities in Sumerian, Akkadian, Egyptian, and Chinese astronomy long before the Greek/Roman nomenclature. These five planets were identified with the gods of the Babylonian ...


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Xolotl and Quetzalcoatl Xolotl was the twin brother of Quetzalcoatl, and where both associated with the twin phases of Venus as evening and morning star. In their roles as evening and morning star both gods constitute inimically paired phases of Venus, with Quetzalcoatl acting as morning star was the harbinger of the Sun rising or "re-birthing". His twin ...


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As far as the sun is concerned, the answer is: Yes... but also No. For somewhat different reasons, this gets very complicated and even confused particularly with regard to three of the classical seven planets in question, namely the sun, the moon, and Venus. Sun and Moon In ancient Greco-Roman cosmology, as celestial objects themselves, the sun and the ...


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It is an interesting question as there are two sides to it: (1) history (2) language. For the Mediterranean world the planets became really interesting with the spread of astrology during the Hellenistic times. It is easily seen that in classical Greece, e.g. Plato or Aristotle, just descriptive names are used: the bright one or the red one. The Romans were ...


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Yes, that is the case. In Ancient Greece, sun-worship personified by Helios had once been prevalent and powerful among the people of the pre-Hellenic culture, but very few of the communities of the later historic period retained it as a potent factor of the state religion. According to Roman sources, the worship of the sun personified by Sol was introduced ...


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Why did the Romans name the planets after their gods? According to Roman mythology, the Roman gods lived on Mount Olympos, in Greece. Mount Olympus is the highest mountain in Greece. It is located in the Olympus Range on the border between Thessaly and Macedonia, between the regional units of Pieria and Larissa, about 80 km (50 mi) southwest from ...


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