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11 votes

Are there any myths about rational beings (except gods/immaterial beings) that walked the earth before humans?

I know one for certain, the pre-adamite Jinn in Islamic mythology. A Jinn is an invisible entity, created by God out of a "mixture of fire" or "smokeless fire", who roamed the earth before Adam. ...
Tom Sol's user avatar
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7 votes
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Are there any myths about rational beings (except gods/immaterial beings) that walked the earth before humans?

Väinämöinen, in Finnish mythology, was the son of the Air Maiden, the creator goddess Ilmatar. Väinämöinen was born into a barren land where trees and plants had yet to grow, symbolizing the state of ...
Koios's user avatar
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6 votes
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Name of the tale in which a traveler inherits a boatman's curse after accepting to relay him

It's part of the story of "The Devil with the Three Golden Hairs" found in Grimm's collection of folktales. You can find a translation of it with the parallel German text here. The basic ...
cmw's user avatar
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6 votes

Is there any textual evidence that confirms the color of Hindu gods?

In essence God is formless, colourless, He is in everything and everything is with in Him. ( Refer to stanza 24 in Phalashruti) He lives in everything ( Search for 'Vyasa Uvacha:- Vasanad Vasudevasya ...
Kaushal B's user avatar
5 votes

What is the earliest story of a mortal killing a god?

Since demigods are allowed I propose Herakles (accidentally) killing Kheirôn/Chiron. Kheirôn was the immortal son of the Titan Kronos and therefore a half-brother of Zeus. When Herakles was battling ...
Tom Sol's user avatar
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5 votes

What is the source work for Cadmus visiting Delphi?

It's Pausanias 9.12.1&2 (the section on Boetia): The Thebans in ancient days used to sacrifice bulls to Apollo of the Ashes. Once when the festival was being held, the hour of the sacrifice was ...
DukeZhou's user avatar
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4 votes

What's the best way to go about researching obscure mythologies?

Because the internet hold a great deal of misinformation and disinformation, for obscure mythologies your best bet is scholarly work. (Folklorists and academic researchers.) Books You'll want to ...
DukeZhou's user avatar
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4 votes

What are some references to Mathonwy in Welsh legends?

Sadly, I've never been able to find any direct references to Mathonwy anywhere. Bromwich (pg. 439) mentions that the name Mathonwy itself could be a doublet for the name Math, like so many names in ...
Dan's user avatar
  • 464
4 votes

Are there myths, folklore, tales, or other traditions/tales about monsters regaining their humanity permanently?

In Fairy Tales I am sure you are familiar with the Beauty and the Beast fairy tale. There are many variants of the tale, all belonging to the "Beauty and the Beast" folk motif (tale type ATU ...
Gullintanni's user avatar
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3 votes
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Has there been a reconstruction of the Aethiopis, Little Iliad, Iliou persis or Nostoi?

There's a nice little book by Malcolm Davies (St John's College, Oxford) titled "The Greek Epic Cycle", which deals exactly with what you are asking for. Here's the table of contents of the ...
Gullintanni's user avatar
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3 votes
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Which ancient cults would cut out the hearts of live animals and offer them as sacrifices?

Out of interest of spreading information, I'm copying here the answer I wrote yesterday to this question on Judaism.SE, with a few alterations: A possible answer: Maimonides on the mishnah states that ...
Harel13's user avatar
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3 votes
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Is this a real myth? Pembroke Welsh Corgis as mounts for fairies

This got too long for a comment, so I hope it's all right to post here. The Writing in Margins blog is mine, so I'd like to offer a few addendums. It's always hard to disprove something rather than ...
Sarah's user avatar
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3 votes
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Where to find myths about the origin of civilization?

A few suggestions: The Structural Study of Myth (Levi-Strauss, 1955) Patterns in Comparative Folklore (Eliade, 1948) Sacred Narrative: Readings in the Theory of Myth (University of California Press,...
Codosaur's user avatar
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3 votes

What is the legend of the Knight Tondalo?

This motif sounds a lot like the Bridge Chinvat, from Zoroastrian tradition and As-Sirat is Islamic. In those religions, upon the death of the body, a soul comes to a bridge which must be passed over....
elemtilas's user avatar
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3 votes
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What is the mythological status of the 'goethia' demons?

Try "Goetia" instead of "Goethia". Roughly, it means the art of summoning angels, whether fallen or still elevated (though more commonly the former). The Ars Goetia is the first section of The Lesser ...
Topher Cooper's user avatar
3 votes

The concept that scripture is made to adapt to changes of society, technology, and language

This falls under the the general field of Hermeneutics. Hermeneutics is the theory and methodology of interpretation, especially the interpretation of biblical texts, wisdom literature, and ...
DukeZhou's user avatar
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3 votes
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What is the source work for Cadmus visiting Delphi?

It is quite well attested anciently. There is Book 9 Chapter 12 of Pausanias' Description of Greece (which you have already noted in your own Answer). Roughly contemporaneous with Pausanias is ...
Adinkra's user avatar
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3 votes

Is there a god called Iob/Job/Yov?

A friend of mine wrote to me that this is probably a reference to "Jove" which is another name for the Roman god Jupiter.
Reb Chaim HaQoton's user avatar
2 votes

Is there a god called Iob/Job/Yov?

According to Wikipedia, there was an Egyptian deity named Iabet, sometimes also known as Iab. If this is what Rabbi Ashenburg is referring to, then perhaps the story was that prior to arriving in ...
Harel13's user avatar
  • 942
2 votes

Is there any textual evidence that confirms the color of Hindu gods?

I found an answer with regards to body colours of Lord Krishna here - http://www.iskcondesiretree.com/page/six-categories-of-avatars When He descends into the material world during different "yugas" ...
mVentures's user avatar
  • 171
2 votes

What is the earliest story of a mortal killing a god?

The Pahulu gods on Lanai, one of the Islands of Hawaii, were all killed by a prophet called Kaululaau. Since this myth is recorded only a few centuries ago from an oral tradtion, we don't know exactly ...
Codosaur's user avatar
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2 votes
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Literature for mesopotamian seven-tiered cosmos?

The number seven is used in the Gilgamesh epos 40 times, so it seems more like a special connotation given to the number in general. Some examples: You have loved the lion tremendous in strength: ...
Codosaur's user avatar
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2 votes

Definitive text on special stones

I have struggled to find a taxonomy of special stones or gems that takes the modern approach like a reference book. Under luminous gemstones there are part mythical part story works of scholarship. I ...
Snack_Food_Termite's user avatar
2 votes

Is this a real myth? Pembroke Welsh Corgis as mounts for fairies

This is most likely a recent invention by Corgi breeders & enthusiasts. From "Did fairies really ride corgis?": The earliest source I can find is the poem "Corgi Fantasy" by ...
Codosaur's user avatar
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2 votes

Are there any folklore references to the following elements found in Xianxia i.e. modern Chinese High Fantasy fiction?

No - this is a gross "gamification" of Qi to something similar like mana in other RPGs. You cannot "start with zero Qi" in Daoism, believed to be a vital force forming part of any ...
Codosaur's user avatar
  • 5,368
2 votes

Is there a reconstruction of the Titanomachy (as in the epic poem)?

Martin West's Loeb volume Greek Epic Fragments collects all the available fragments for the Titanomachy and a short introduction (2 paragraphs) on it. This is also where you'll find all the available ...
cmw's user avatar
  • 7,326
2 votes

What is the earliest story of a mortal killing a god?

I'd posit: The Bull of Heaven Slain by Gilgamesh. Gilgamesh is a demigod, but very specifically mortal. Heracles, by contrast, is deified as an Olympian once he burns away his mortal flesh.
DukeZhou's user avatar
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1 vote

Has divine prowess always been considered a factor in determining the outcome of wars?

Is it a general rule? I note that when the Romans were losing badly to Carthage, their reaction was not to think the Carthagian gods were stronger, but to investigate what they had done to offend ...
Mary's user avatar
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1 vote
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Is there an introductory scholarly study guide, involving primary works being discussed, for ancient greek mythology?

There are literally hundreds of books on the topic, but the best one for serious work is Timothy Gantz's Early Greek Myth. This book goes through the earliest sources for the myths and chronicles ...
cmw's user avatar
  • 7,326
1 vote

Definitive text on special stones

Surely the standard history applies: late antiquity sources, compiled in medieval encyclopedias, recycled since the Renaissance. Not being an expert I can just suggest some links Camillo Leonardi (...
sand1's user avatar
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