14 votes
Accepted

What is the meaning of the star symbols appearing on seal VA 243?

My name is Emerson C Velloso, and this is my archaeoastronomical contribution to Professor Michael S Heiser: The man seated is Ninurta, He's not only the God of the Farmers and Plow, He is also the ...
Emerson's user avatar
  • 156
11 votes
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Why is Gilgamesh considered to be one-third human and two-third god?

Gilgamesh was a recurring character in Mesopotamian myths/stories. The most renown of those stories is the Epic of Gilgamesh where those numbers appears. But he and his slave/servant/friend/buddy/...
Gibet's user avatar
  • 3,501
10 votes
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Are there any translations of the 14 books of Enki?

These "14 tablets" are entirely fictitious, an invention of conspiracy theorist Zecharia Sitchin in his book The Lost Book of ENKI. According to Mythopedia, which calls the book a "...
Spencer's user avatar
  • 1,613
10 votes

What demons/fabulous creatures did the Sumerians mention?

A couple come to mind, though, of course, I make no claim I can provide anything like a complete list: Tiamat - Primodial ocean goddess, Antagonist to Marduk in the Enuma Elish. Lilitu / Lillith - ...
femtoRgon's user avatar
  • 9,188
10 votes
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What is the family tree of the Sumerian gods?

If what you want is a family tree "per se", you can find a good dozen of them for free on the internet via your old pal Google. Here is a very solid one: Notice this tree (as a lot you will find) is ...
Gibet's user avatar
  • 3,501
9 votes

Why is Gilgamesh considered to be one-third human and two-third god?

He had three parents. The belief in the divinity of royal lines, in several ancient cultures of the region, was maintained by the concept that the king was possessed by a god (usually the head of the ...
Jessie Kline's user avatar
9 votes

Why is Gilgamesh considered to be one-third human and two-third god?

Presumably because he seemed that much more like a god than like a man. Our present understanding of heredity was not yet available, and absent that, the proportion between the genetic inheritances ...
Brian Donovan's user avatar
9 votes
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Is there a Sumerian Pandora myth?

The Pandora story you cite is 100% Greek. There's probably a pre-Hesiodic tradition surrounding it, but as it stands, it's not Mesopotamian. However, there are parallels with Eve from Hebrew ...
cmw's user avatar
  • 7,157
8 votes
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Why did humanizing Enkidu take a work of a prostitute and not of an ordinary woman?

Perceptions on prostitution have changed significantly over time. While it may seem strange today that Shamhat is a prostitute, in the ancient Near East her role was sacred, a role akin to a priestess....
yannis's user avatar
  • 17k
8 votes
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Are the Anunnaki mentioned in the Bible?

How could they be related ? Anakim just means "sons of Anak". It is just a race of giants, and there is nothing giving them godlike power or something. Anunnaki, as I explained in another post, means ...
Gautier C's user avatar
  • 467
7 votes
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What is the difference between Igigi and Anunnaki deities?

If I remember well, they are 2 different classes of gods. In this myth of the creation of the Human (saga of Atrahasis), It is said that Anunnaki deities were ruling in the heaven, it comes from the ...
Gautier C's user avatar
  • 467
6 votes

What is the meaning of the star symbols appearing on seal VA 243?

Something I never see mentioned concerning this seal and the "solar system" is why only including Pluto makes no sense. Since you can't see all the planets with the naked eye, I believe the idea is ...
user2844's user avatar
6 votes

Why did humanizing Enkidu take a work of a prostitute and not of an ordinary woman?

As Mesopotamia was one of the first places where our species built cities, naturally myth from there has to try to make sense of this new way of life, and characteristically approaches the problem by ...
Brian Donovan's user avatar
6 votes
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Why does Inanna need a fruit to know of sex?

The way that poem is told in your link is fancy and questionable. That is a fairly personal interpretation of the myth. In that story, Inanna doesn't have to go the underworld, but in fact does ...
Gibet's user avatar
  • 3,501
5 votes

What started the flood in Sumerian Mythology?

It is not known because the relevant part of the Sumerian version of the myth is missing, but in later versions the cause is the god Enlil. From an article in Livius.org: The Great Flood: Sumerian ...
Rodia's user avatar
  • 2,287
5 votes
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Babylonian, Sumerian or Mesopotamian

Mesopotamia is the ancient Greek name for the land between the rivers, the Euphrates and the Tigris. This geographical location is more or less modern day Iraq. The ancient Sumerians of Mesopotamia ...
user4820's user avatar
  • 166
4 votes

Was the story of Adam and Eve influenced by Sumerian Ninti and Enki?

I find myself agreeing with Arthur George: The connection is indeed tenuous, as to Enki and Ninti being recast as Adam and Eve in the Bible, based on Professor Kramer's suggestion. I have written two ...
Walter Mattfeld's user avatar
4 votes

What is the meaning of the star symbols appearing on seal VA 243?

Apparently, either my research jiu-jitsu is flawed, or the first cylinder is a forgery. First of all, it does not resemble any of the Cuneiform writings that are historically known, secondarily there ...
Wolves' Shepherd.'s user avatar
3 votes

Why is Gilgamesh considered to be one-third human and two-third god?

I always thought it had to deal with the fact that kings were seen as deities, so if the king is half-god then that may be where the one third human comes in, but I say this without knowing ...
Akjackson 's user avatar
3 votes

Are the Anunnaki mentioned in the Bible?

Abraham came from Sumer. His birth place was "Ur of the Chaldees", namely UR KAŠDIM (אוּר כַּשְׂדִּים). This is explicitly stated in Genesis 11:28: "And died Haran before the face of ...
Le-O-Nāi-Tasi Le-koleni's user avatar
2 votes

Are the Anunnaki mentioned in the Bible?

Anunnaki - Gods of Sumeria Or fallen Angels?? I found it very interesting that the earliest civilisation known to us in the historical records, the Sumerians, have a religion that talks of these ...
sebastian langley's user avatar
1 vote

What or who is Igidallru?

Potentially a One-Eyed Monster There appears to be a (weakly supported?) theory that a lost Nergal myth depicts him fighting a Cyclops like creature. Quoting directly from Wikipedia: Andrew R. George ...
codeMonkey's user avatar
1 vote

Why did humanizing Enkidu take a work of a prostitute and not of an ordinary woman?

There is some consensus regarding Babylon and Mesopotamia on some of them has been pointed out by both Yannis and Brian Donovan. That said the question of Sacred prostitution in Mesopotamia has been ...
Gibet's user avatar
  • 3,501
1 vote

Was the story of Adam and Eve influenced by Sumerian Ninti and Enki?

Sadly most of the recast here are based on somebody's wild theories without referring to the translation from the thousands of ancient tablets of sumerian, akkadian, assyrian and babylonian. Hebrew ...
e s's user avatar
  • 19
1 vote

What is the difference between Igigi and Anunnaki deities?

When taking all known narratives together. The Igig were/are a class of the Anunnaki. I look at it like the divide between royalty and commoners of Europe . Inferences being the Igigi/Annunaki came ...
George's user avatar
  • 11
1 vote

Are Noah and Ziusudra the same person?

You cannot deny the Hebrew-Sumerian connection, for example: in creation, both stories identify creation of modern man as the Adamu (derived from Adam); then, there was Abraham who was raised up from ...
Marcum's user avatar
  • 19
1 vote

What is the meaning of the star symbols appearing on seal VA 243?

It's a date-stamp that indicates which Akitu festival the seal is commemorating. Akitu was a barley festival, andwas celebrated twice per year (sowing and reaping.) The Akitu festival marked the ...
Harte's user avatar
  • 11

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