The reasons for the associations of goats with Satan vary. Some are quite ancient, while others are of more recent vintage.
The Parable of the Sheep and the Goats
Sheep are loyal. They follow the Son of God, metaphorically a shepherd. Goats, on the other hand, are disobedient and difficult.
When the Son of Man comes in his glory, and all ...
You can at least find 2 main reasons:
Goat gods are pretty old beliefs. You find them in almost every cultures spreading everywhere. Celts have Cernunnos. In norse myth you have Tanngrisnir and Tanngjostr. In roman myth Faunus and Hammon/ In greece Pan. In sumer you have Dumuzid, the Tammuz of the Bible. For what I am aware, as we found cavern drawings of ...
This is a complex question, and entire books have been written on it. The modern conception of Satan is a mixture of qualities arising from paganism (horns, etc.) but the conception of Satan as evil in the Christian sense almost certainly arises from Zoroastrianism in the form of Ahriman.
To unpack this, consider Hades Diis. Lord of the underworld, yes. ...
As @Codosaur Pointed out, Satan is a character that rises up against the supreme deity of the mythology. I would add that in the Christian religion, he comes by many names I'll start a list here and we'll try to explain some of their signification:
Lord of the underworld / Lord of Hell / Lord of this World:
Satan is supposed to rule over hell, so the ...
I have a theory that could possibly explain this.
In Ezekiel 28:12-14, the king of Tyre (who is commonly believed to be Satan) is described as a cherub. In Ezekiel 1, the prophet Ezekiel saw 4 living creatures that had 4 faces, one of which is a bull. Later in chapter 10, he sees them again but says their are cherubim, and remembers that he had seen them ...
Italo Calvino mentioned in his Italian Folktales that the silver nose was rare even in Italian tales.
But a silver nose was sometimes used as a prosthetic, when you lost a nose to syphilis. Hence, a silver nose is a sign of loose living.
I did some research on this bible website and couldn't find any text indicating Satan as the ruler of Hell indeed.
I found that another name that can be used for hell is the Abyss:
30 Jesus asked him, “What is your name?” “Legion,” he replied, because many demons had gone into him. 31 And they begged Jesus repeatedly not to order them to go into ...
Leviticus is mentioned as a source on the scapegoat as noted by @Obie 2.0.
Then Aaron shall offer the goat on which the lot for the LORD fell,
and make it a sin offering. 10"But the goat on which the lot for the
scapegoat fell shall be presented alive before the LORD, to make
atonement upon it, to send it into the wilderness as the scapegoat.
I think "background" is going to exclude many mythologies with creatures having more or less the same role, if we include the notion of "rising up against the supreme deity of the mythology". Satan after all literally means "adversary" and this background is exclusive to Judeo-Christian mythology.
If we focus on role, probably the oldest example would be ...
"Solve et coagula" is the principle underlying alchemy: dissolve materials to their constituents and re-assemble these into something else.
Fulcanelli writes of this quote:
If you know how to dissolve the fixed,
And to make the dissolved fly,
Then to fix the flying in powder,
You have something to console yourself with.
Why is Satan commonly believed to rule in hell?
Some believe Satan is a Seraphim and chief yof the sinning angels, is probably the highest of all the angels. There are some who think that Lucifer was highest only among the rebel angels in hell.
This answer will be based on the Catholic traditions in regards to Satan and the nine choirs of angels.
Although it ...
Yes, we have two main sources from the Early Roman Occupation era:
Strabo, Geographies (64-21 BCE):
The Romans put a stop both to these customs and to the ones connected
with sacrifice and divination, as they were in conflict with our own
ways: for example, they would strike a man who had been consecrated
for sacrifice in the back with a sword, and ...
This probably derives from the Greek coinage spagyria, which itself is supposed to come from 'σπάω' and 'ἀγείρω.' These words roughly correspond to "solve" and "coagula," or divide and join.
This word was used by Paracelsus, perhaps the most famous alchemist. I am using Andrew Weeks' translation, which I believe is from the (original?) German text.
Krampus is based in the Alps of Austria and Bavaria. I am not to sure if he is norse, maybe more of a local myth. Sure he looks a bit like Faun or a devil but in the alps there are other "Schiachperchtn" (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Perchta) that show up in Winter to celebrate the passing of midwinter and fade away after 6th Janurary nowadays
This "falling from grace" story did not originate with Christianity. Take Tantalos for example, or Zeus banishing Hades to the underworld.
As for earlier "fruit-picking" mythology, there's the story of the Monkey King stealing the peaches of eternal life from the Jade Palace in Chinese mythology.
Satan (or the devil) obtained for Jewish ideas almost the same
significance as Ahriman for Persian. Indeed, in certain respects he
developed greater power than his Persian counterpart, inasmuch as he
succeeded in corrupting the immediate followers of God, whereas
Ahriman, in his contest with Ahuramazda, did not achieve such success.
The Jews tried ...
In Märchen (aka "Fairy Tales"), the Grimms “Kinder und Hausmärchen” (Children’s and Household Tales) include a tale on how God created all animals and selected the wolves to be his hounds (KHM 1857 #148, "Des Herrn und des Teufels Gethier" (The Lord's and the Devil's Creatures). Since
God forgot to create the goat, the the devil also wanted to create and ...