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8

There is no way Galileo or Simon Marius would have been able to observe the tidal locking of any of Jupiter's moons, as they just appeared as faint stars through their telescopes. In fact both Galileo in his Sidereus Nuncius and Marius in his Mundus Iovialis admit they first mistook the first three Galilean moons for fixed stars, and only later realized they ...


5

The myth of Danae and the shower of gold appears on several vases dating back to the 5th century BC. See for example this krater: and this calyx: To dispel any doubt regarding which myth is portrayed on these vases, notice how in the second picture the female character is labelled "Danae". Also, the back of the same calyx depicts another scene ...


4

Zeus is more powerful than Hera and all the other gods. In fact, he is even stronger than all of them put together, if we take his word for it (Iliad 8.19-27). This is what Zeus says to Hera after he realizes that she had tricked him into falling asleep in order to help the Achaeans: The sire of gods and men had pity on him, and looked fiercely on Juno. &...


4

Going by the most conservatively "mainstream" accounts of the myths, I count at least fifty-two divine offspring of Zeus, and if we were to expand that to include all the variant traditions of the genealogy out there, the number increases to at least 107, and, really, perhaps up to infinity in either case. The reason for the infinity count is that, ...


3

Those two sentences are based on the differences that scholars have observed in the ritual practices associated to Olympian and Chthonic gods, i.e. respectively the sky and earth deities. Indeed, there seemed to be a tendency to sacrifice white animals on raised altars to the heavenly gods, and black animals in pits to the subterranean ones. See for example ...


3

According to Wikipedia The Romans drew on Etruscan traditions for the interpretation of these signs. A tile found at Urbs Salvia in Picenum depicts an unusual composite Jove, "fairly bristling with weapons": a lightning bolt, a bident, and a trident, uniting the realms of sky, earth, and sea, and representing the three degrees of ominous lightning ...


3

ACTION SCENES We have several details connected with the part of the chronology in question, but as far as I've been able to find, beyond plain statements about there having been a cosmic conflict, there are only two fairly fleshed-out fight scenes from this war. One of them is the final showdown between the Olympians and the Titans, narrated at some length ...


2

As far as I have been able to find, no myth specifies anything tantamount to these siblings being sextuplets. There is, however, one ancient story which claims that four of them were twins, that is to say that there were two separate sets of twins, and that Zeus was one of the older set thereof. A Different Sort of Multiple Birth The 4th-century-BC ...


2

Regarding Different Versions of Goat-Stuff There is a great variety of traditions surrounding the birth and rearing of Zeus, and among these, as you have already observed, there are different renditions involving a she-goat or a similarly named creature. From what I have found, these renditions can be broken down into three main categories of versions. The ...


1

The "white" probably comes from Hesiod's Theogony 557 about Prometheus tricking Zeus: So said Zeus whose wisdom is everlasting, rebuking him. But wily Prometheus answered him, smiling softly and not forgetting his cunning trick: “Zeus, most glorious and greatest of the eternal gods, take which ever of these portions your heart within you bids.” So ...


1

Without citing any particular references, it will be hard to know quite what is meant. There isn't anything particular concerning this in Theoi (a fairly comprehensive collation of primary sources) or Wikipedia, so it could be anything from pure fabrication to a misunderstanding to a rare or late tradition. That said, the only thing I could think of that ...


1

Speaking strictly from a game theoretic viewpoint: The fully divine son of Zeus and Metis would have been wiser than Zeus, and made better decisions, in aggregate, over time, and thus eventually unseat and supplant Zeus. (Which sort of happened anyway in Rome with Apollo;) The key here is patriarchy, under which framework the ruler of Heaven could not be a ...


1

It's been 3 years but better late than never. Zeus wisdom was always present either within his judgement or by Athena's voice. We should remember that Metis is the expression of something people had in mind at that time. As always myths are made by people and myths many times represent ideas people of that time had. Metis personifies a set of skills. J.P ...


1

I can think of three times Zeus' rule was challenged: The Gigantomachy was a war pitting the Olympians and Gigantes. Gaia, distraught at how her Titan sons were imprisoned, sent her sons the Gigantes to overthrow Zeus. Prophecy stated they needed a demigod, and they had just that (Dionysus and Heracles). The Gigantes were defeated and rule was secured, but ...


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