7

I know that the character of 'Adonis' is of Phoenician origin, but there are many other parallels which are too many to be ignored:

Phosporus- Shahar

Hesperus- Shalim

Zeus/Poseidon/Hades- Baal/Yamm/Mot

Athena- Anat

Aphrodite- Astarte

Heracles- Melqart

And is there a possible link between Pandora and the Biblical Eve?

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    The connection between the Near East, in general and the Greeks is not to be proven. It is quite established.But your conenction is quite lose. Zeus bore element from the NEar East Strom gods (Baal being only one of them). Aphrodite bore element from Astarte, but geenraly speaking from the A team Astarte/Anat/Asherah who by themselves taped heavily in Inanna/Ishtar (not part of the A team... lacking the starting A). Greek borrowed heavily in Near east, Mesopotamia, some part of Egypt. A little bit in India. – Gibet Jan 23 '18 at 17:38
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    I'm not sure parallels in a few deities is really that big of a deal though. With a large enough pantheon, individual gods are bound to have traits/aspects that are present in another pantheon - they're all derived from natural observations after all. – Semaphore Jan 24 '18 at 19:15
5

As Gibet noted, there are similarities between Baal and Zeus but they're pretty loose.

However, if you're looking for a Near Eastern analogue to Zeus and Kronos, you need to go to the Hittite/Hurrian myth of Kingship in Heaven, which is very similar to the story of Ouranos-Kronos-Zeus.

The middle god, Kumarbi, even bites off his father's genitals, just like Kronos castrated Ouranos, but in the Hittite myth Kumarbi becomes pregnant with three gods, and has to spit them out from his belly. When the Storm-God Teshub takes power there's a battle between him and Kumarbi, just like the Titans and Olympians.

PS - This paper (pdf) discusses similarites in the Kingship in Heaven theme across Greece and the Near East generally.

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    Just some remarks: Teshub is the Hurrian name of the Hittite "Storm God". In Hittite the storm god is named Storm God, not Teshub. Hesiod taped in 2 stories of the "Cycle of Kumarbi", the Song of Kumarbi (Kingship in Heaven), the Song of Ullikumi. Most of those stories are Hurrian in origin but we only possess the Hittite translation (hence the difficulty with Tesshub/STG, Shaushka/Ishtar, Ea/Enki, etc.). Kumarbi is the Sumerian tutelar god Enlil. Enlil is still named as an independent deity in Ullikumi. – Gibet Jan 26 '18 at 16:49

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