9 votes
Accepted

Why is Dante’s Odysseus different from Homer’s?

For one thing, Dante never read Homer. Like most medieval Christians, Dante did not have direct access to the original Greek texts. Instead, they would've learnt of ancient Greek mythology through ...
Semaphore's user avatar
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9 votes
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Why is Lucifer three-faced?

Why is the Devil also known as Lucifer (and other names) three-faced? To understand this symbolic meaning of Dante in his Canto XXXIV, we have to have a basic understanding of the beliefs of the ...
Ken Graham's user avatar
  • 2,842
7 votes

Why is Lucifer three-faced?

It's worth looking further down Canto XXXIV (I'm using a slightly different translation) to see just who is stuffed into Lucifer's mouths: "That upper spirit, Who hath worst punishment," so spake ...
HDE 226868's user avatar
  • 7,075
6 votes
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Why are Dido and Cleopatra in the second circle of Hell?

Dante conceived of the architecture of Hell as an inverted church. The higher circles are lesser sins, and each descending circle represents what he saw as greater sins. The sin of Lust was, to Dante,...
Lauren-Clear-Monica-Ipsum's user avatar
6 votes

What is the inspiration behind the dark forest in Dante?

The metaphor was (probably) inspired partly by Medieval literature (courtly or theological) and partly by Virgil's works, for example the "Georgics" that, in part, discusses the myth of Orpheus, who ...
pter26's user avatar
  • 161
5 votes
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Why is Dante using Geryon as a symbol of fraud?

Translator-poet John Ciardi (Dante, The Inferno, Signet Classics, 2001, p. 139) offers the following annotation: GERYON. A mythical king of Spain represented as a giant with three heads and three ...
Brian Donovan's user avatar
3 votes

Why is Dante using Geryon as a symbol of fraud?

Symbolically, Dante's rendering is a metaphor for fraud: a human face (honest and just) atop a monstrous personage Multiple heads or bodies in the Classical depiction can indicate deception ...
DukeZhou's user avatar
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2 votes

Why is Lucifer three-faced?

Perhaps to emulate the old statue of the Goddess Hekate. The youth, the priestess, the wise crone. Before Virgin Mary with Vesica Pisces was placed on the crossroads all across Europe, Hekate was the ...
Wolves' Shepherd.'s user avatar

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