40

The number 12 is used in most religions as something holy and perfect. In every religion you can see that the number twelve is always present in main events or facts: e.g. Greek Mythology: Labours of Hercules, the Dodecatheon and twelve Titans, according to Hesiod. Christianity: The 12 Disciples of Christ Norse Mythology: Odin had 12 sons Islam: There are ...


21

Plato suggests a connection between the monthly feasts, the Greek tribes and the gods: For the law will state that there are twelve feasts to the twelve gods who give their names to the several tribes: to each of these they shall perform monthly sacrifices and assign choirs and musical contests, and also gymnastic contests, as is suitable both to the gods ...


15

The following quotes are taken from Spirits, Fairies, Leprechauns and Goblins - An Encyclopedia, by Carol Rose (highly recommended). In the entry for Brownies: Families were proud of their Brownies as they brought good fortune; to lose one was disastrous. [...] In general, the Brownie was the most industrious of the household spirits, ploughing, ...


14

It was a trophy. A Nemean Lion's Tail. It was the 1st labor of Hercules- it was Hercules' first great deed. The first of Hercules' labors was to kill the Nemean lion. Hesiod, in his Theogony, wrote Nemean lion, which Hera, the good wife of Zeus, brought up and made to haunt the hills of Nemea, a plague to men. There he preyed upon the tribes of her own ...


11

My name is Emerson C Velloso, and this is my archaeoastronomical contribution to Professor Michael S Heiser: The man seated is Ninurta, He's not only the God of the Farmers and Plow, He is also the God of War, related to the planet Saturn! The big star in the center is Saturn. These Akkadian representations are not realistic, but only systematic... even ...


10

Indeed it should be, and quite often is. Most academic institutions and medical journals get it right, for instance, as well as most organizations overall outside the USA. Some notable examples: World Heath Organization American Medical Association Peninsula School of Medicine Star of Life, used on American ambulancessince the 1970s (and elsewhere) New ...


10

Amurru, an Amorite deity often referred to as a storm-god, is depicted on ancient cylinder seals carrying a curved object called, in Akkadian, a gamlu, which is generally interpreted as a shepherd's crook, e.g. by writers such as Henri Frankfort (in his 1939 book Cylinder Seals: A Documentary Essay on the Art and Religion of the Ancient Near East), Aïcha ...


10

There are two main reasons attributed to Tantalus's punishment, sources from theoi.com: He was invited to Olympus by Zeus, ate the food of the gods (ambrosia and nectar), and was given divine secrets, which he then blabbed (Hom. Od. xi. 582). He wanted to test the gods and see how perceptive they were, so he invited them to his home for dinner, and killed ...


9

The beautiful mind (soul) only finds pleasure (happiness) in unconditional love (heart). The heart (unconditional love) likewise only finds happiness (pleasure) in the soul (beautiful mind). Diligence is required to join the two together as one. The mind does most of the work, while the heart mainly just waits patiently. Love being divine, quite naturally ...


9

Why is the Devil also known as Lucifer (and other names) three-faced? To understand this symbolic meaning of Dante in his Canto XXXIV, we have to have a basic understanding of the beliefs of the Catholic Church. First of all, the devil was a murderer and the father of lies from the beginning. Ye are of your father the devil, and the lusts of your ...


9

The symbol is a form of a the triquetra, a sort of loop with three "leaves". It's close in form to the triskelion, which is a sort of spiral with three symmetrical heads. Those are just general names though. In norse paganism, you can sometimes see a relative to them known as the "valknut", consisting of three interlocking triangles (the triquetra is one ...


8

Thalia, the Greek muse of comedy, is also often seen holding a shepherd's crook, as in this picture. As DisturbedNeo said, in Egyptian mythology it (along with a flail) is held by pharaohs as symbols of power, and is thus held by Osiris as a "pharaoh of the dead".


8

The Egyptian God Osiris is generally depicted holding a Shephard's Crook. It is also held by Pharaoh's as proof of their right of kingship.


8

I don't think that the number 12 symbolized everything, as there are occurrence of other numbers in various stories. Odysseus sailed for 9 days with the gift of Favorable Winds from Aeolus, god of wind and on the 10th day, the bag was opened as he saw Ithaka for on the horizon. Dimitra searched for her daughter for 9 days and on the tenth day, she ...


8

Looks like the Adinkra "Aya" (fern) symbol: Adinkra is not Egyptian, though. It originates from the Ashanti and Baoulé peoples, in the neighborhood of Ghana and Côte d'Ivoire (respectively).


7

First, I took a look at Wikipedia. It explains that the Rainbow Serpent may have been inspired by one or more of the following Australian snakes: The rough-scaled python The taipan The file snake These snakes could inspire cultures across the continent. Research tells me that the rough-scaled python is active in a small area of Western Australia, though ...


7

It's worth looking further down Canto XXXIV (I'm using a slightly different translation) to see just who is stuffed into Lucifer's mouths: "That upper spirit, Who hath worst punishment," so spake my guide, "Is Judas, he that hath his head within And plies the feet without. Of th' other two, Whose heads are under, from the murky jaw Who hangs, is ...


7

This is the dove with a halo, as a christian symbol for the Holy Spirit or the soul. The colour red is associated with the blood of Christ and with the Holy Spirit. The fact that you bought it in Italy (Rome) supports this, as there is a big christian community as well as many pilgrims and tourists visiting Rome and Vatican City.


7

My understanding is that this is more of an observation Peterson claims to have identified in ancient literature. I'm not really sure how much of a trope it really is, but if we suppose that this really was a recurring theme, one can see signs of it going far into protohistory. It is a relatively common theme in creation myths, for instance, to have the ...


6

Dionysus is a great place to start—Baphomet is almost surely based, in part, on this figure. Dionysus is sometimes depicted as the "horned god", encompassing the human/animal binary. Dionysus the "Dying/Resurrected God", representing the life/death binary. Dionysus is depicted with feminine attributes (long hair, "eastern" grooming which was considered ...


6

I'm afraid the stars do not have mythological significance. According to the listing for the painting on the Prado Museum website, the stars are probably the planet Saturn, whose rings were believed to be satellites at the time: The stars in the firmament above the cruel old man remind us that Saturn is also the name given, back in antiquity, to the ...


6

They represent the Tetramorph, the 4 classical elements in the West. More info: A tetramorph is a symbolic arrangement of four differing elements, or the combination of four disparate elements in one unit. The term is derived from the Greek tetra, meaning four, and morph, shape. In Christian art, the tetramorph is the union of the symbols of the Four ...


5

Something I never see mentioned concerning this seal and the "solar system" is why only including Pluto makes no sense. Since you can't see all the planets with the naked eye, I believe the idea is that the information of our "correct" solar system was passed down by those posing as "gods". However, here lies my issue. If you do a simple Google search for ...


5

Nope. Not even close (okay, a little bit). According to my source, the symbol is actually a star (just one). It looks kinda confusing like a solar system or a Sun. To make a Sun, you must at least meet this regulation for this type of art: The sun symbol always has either four arms plus wavy lines extending from a "ball" in the middle, or it is a ball ...


5

So, there are a couple things here. Parcae refers to the Roman Fates, while Moirai (or Moerae) refer to the Greek Fates. Next, "parts" is a not particularly helpful translation. The better one is the third one you shared, "allotted portions" (or apportioned lots). It instead refers to their activity. There were three Fates in Greek mythology, which you can ...


5

I don't think it would be possible to know for certain unless we ask the artist who drew it, but the symbol looks like a very simplified version of the Chinese taijitu, the "yin and yang symbol":


5

Translator-poet John Ciardi (Dante, The Inferno, Signet Classics, 2001, p. 139) offers the following annotation: GERYON. A mythical king of Spain represented as a giant with three heads and three bodies. He was killed by Hercules, who coveted the king’s cattle. A later tradition represents him as killing and robbing strangers whom he lured into his realm. ...


5

It looks like a kind of square/cross or octagon. Square / cross is symbol of Tetragrammaton, the four-letter biblical name of the God. Octagon is the ultimate balance between physical and invisible forces. Harmony and perfect equality between matter and spirit. a oneness of the two. The male and female as one. The fully aware humanity. Exhalation of the ...


5

Dog and Cat deities were worshiped together as early as the Second Dynasty (2890 BCE) in the forms of Anubis and Bastet, but the recorded worship of Anubis dates back to even the First Dynasty (3100 BCE). Bastet's worship centered around the city of Bubastis, while Anubis took a central role in the afterlife as ruler of the underworld until this reign was ...


4

This is only a partial and working answer until I can look into Cerunnos, Veles, and Shiva. My first inclination is that this is a case of the Texas sharpshooter fallacy. These four gods have associations with those two animals, and so you posit they must be a related. However, there's no telling when these gods developed these characteristics and whether ...


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