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Mesopotamia is the ancient Greek name for the land between the rivers, the Euphrates and the Tigris. This geographical location is more or less modern day Iraq. The ancient Sumerians of Mesopotamia was one of the earliest political powers in ancient Mesopotamia, they were since replaced by the Akkadians, who in turn were replaced with another people. The ...


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The only locus classicus I can think of for the notion of a soul-mate is Aristophanes’ speech in Plato’s Symposium 189c–193d, which does spin a kind of myth to account for it (and for human sexual love more generally, both homo- and heterosexual). But I don't think anyone pretends that it was ever established in communal or tribal oral ...


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The Enuma Elish begins with the creation of the universe, originally an undifferentiated mass of water swirling in chaos. The waters divided into fresh and salt. The freshwater formed the god Apsu and saltwater the goddess Tiamat; from their union were born the younger gods. So she simply represents the sea, whether she is a specific sea is not mentioned. My ...


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This answer will be evolving as I run down more suitable references, and add examples, but just to quickly give you a lead on this perceptive question: I wouldn't necessarily make the association with war, but specifically with death, and even violent death. This falls under the concept of the Hieros Gamos (ἱερὸς γάμος), the "Sacred" or "Great Marriage" ...


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Not sure if my entry helps because its not connected with Near East but there are mentions in the ancient texts of the East (Hindu tradition) such as Padma Purana or Srimad Bhagavtam, where you will find detailed description of 7 great oceans in the Universe. They are not specifically in the "sky" as you mentioned if you are referring to our sky here on ...


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